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Behavioral responses of bulls kept under artificial breeding conditions to compounds presented for olfaction, taste or with topical nasal application

By G. A. Presicce, C. C. Brockett, T. Cheng, R. H. Foote, G. F. Rivard, W. R. Klemm

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Abstract

The object of this study was to test practical ways of influencing behaviour of bulls used for artificial insemination. Dairy bulls that were sexually active with regular semen collections were compared with sexually inactive bulls housed elsewhere, after being sampled in artificial breeding as yearlings. The behaviour of bulls in response to various volatile compounds and mixtures was recorded. These behaviours included sniffing and licking of sample, tongue manipulation, vocalization and flehmen. Single compounds found as volatile compounds in oestrous blood did not evoke appreciable responses. Mixtures of these compounds evoked some response, but the most powerful stimulus was urine collected from teaser bulls. Most sexually active and inactive bulls responded quickly to urine soaked cloths brought near them. Sexually active bulls, while in their familiar semen collection area with mount bulls, paid little attention to the urine as compared with licking the teaser bulls. It was concluded that with this visual stimulus the effect of olfaction stimulus on sexual arousal of dairy bulls was minimum.

Date 1993
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 37
Issue 4
Pages 273-284
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-4801, USA.
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal physiology
  3. Animal reproduction
  4. Artificial insemination
  5. Artificial intelligence.
  6. Breeding
  7. Bulls
  8. Cattle
  9. Fertility.
  10. Males
  11. Mammals
  12. Mating behavior
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. pheromones
  15. Sexual behavior
  16. sexuality
  17. Sexual practices
  18. urine
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  1. peer-reviewed