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Stereotypies in pregnant sows: indications of influence of the housing system on the patterns expressed by the animals

By C. Vieuille-Thomas, G. le Pape, J. P. Signoret

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Abstract

Patterns of stereotyped behaviour were observed in pregnant sows maintained in different housing systems in commercial farms. The stereotypies were compared between stalled and tethered Large White sows (124 and 68, respectively) and between stalled and group-housed Large White/Landrace crosses (81 and 71, respectively) on 2 farms in each case. The patterns of stereotype were observed for 1 h after food distribution. The proportion of sows developing stereotypies did not differ between stall-housed and tethered females (89.5 and 94.1%), but was lower in group-housed compared with stall-housed sows (66.2 vs. 92.6%). The stereotypies presented by tethered sows were predominantly licking and rubbing, whereas in stalls or group-housed, they were most frequently biting and vacuum oral activities.

Date 1995
Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 44
Issue 1
Pages 19-27
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
Language English
Author Address INRA/CNRS URA 1291, Laboratoire de Comportement Animal, F. 37380, Nouzilly, France.
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Tags
  1. Abnormal behavior
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Animal housing
  4. Animal husbandry
  5. Animal rights
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Developed countries
  8. Deviant behavior
  9. Europe
  10. France
  11. Gestation
  12. Mammals
  13. Mediterranean region
  14. OECD countries
  15. pregnancy
  16. Swine