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Agriculture in the Slovenian transitional economy: the preservation of genetic diversity of plants and ethical consequences

By A. Ivancic, J. Turk, C. Rozman, M. Sisko

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Abstract

Slovene agriculture is going through drastic changes. Most of the land is still owned by small farmers. The production is oriented to the market and is based on modern Western technology. It is associated with increasing pollution and is becoming a serious threat to biodiversity. Many of the wild plants are endangered due to genetic erosion within species. The traditional crops and varieties are being replaced by imported materials and the use of chemicals has been increasing. Many of the traditional varieties have been neglected and/or lost. The existing germplasm collections are incomplete and frequently do not include traditional varieties. There are only a few breeding organizations with limited capacities and collections. The legislation is not efficient enough to protect the environment and biotic diversity. Schools, media, religious, sport, tourist, and other organizations should be more active in promoting the respect for biodiversity.

Date 2003
Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 16
Issue 4
Pages 337-365
ISBN/ISSN 1187-7863
DOI 10.1023/A:1025626000025
Language English
Author Address Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maribor, Vrbanska 30, 2000 Maribor, Slovenia. anton.ivancic@uni-mb.si
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Tags
  1. Agriculture
  2. Balkans
  3. Biodiversity
  4. Bioethics
  5. Biological resources
  6. Conservation
  7. Crops
  8. Developed countries
  9. Europe
  10. Genetic diversity
  11. Mediterranean region
  12. natural resources
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. Plants
  15. Production
  16. Slovenia
  17. Social psychology and social anthropology
  18. sustainability
  19. transition economies
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  1. peer-reviewed