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Compendium of measures to prevent disease associated with animals in public settings, 2009 National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, Inc. (NASPHV)

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Abstract

Certain venues encourage or permit the public to be in contact with animals, resulting in millions of human-animal interactions each year. These settings include county or state fairs, petting zoos, animal swap meets, pet stores, zoologic institutions, circuses, carnivals, educational farms, livestock-birthing exhibits, educational exhibits at schools and child-care facilities, and wildlife photo opportunities. Although human-animal contact has many benefits, many human health problems are associated with these settings, including infectious diseases, exposure to rabies, and injuries. Infectious disease outbreaks reported during the previous decade have been caused by Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella species, Cryptosporidium species, Coxiella burnetii, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, ringworm, and other pathogens. Such infections have substantial medical, public health, legal, and economic effects. This report provides recommendations for public health officials, veterinarians, animal venue staff members, animal exhibitors, visitors to animal venues, physicians, and others concerned with minimizing risks associated with animals in public settings. The recommendation to wash hands is the most important prevention step for reducing the risk for disease transmission associated with animals in public settings. Other critical recommendations are that venues prohibit food in animal areas, venues include transition areas between animal areas and nonanimal areas, visitors receive information about disease risk and prevention procedures, and animals be properly cared for and managed. These updated 2009 guidelines also emphasize risks associated with baby poultry, reptiles, and rodents in public settings, and information about aquatic animal zoonoses has been incorporated.

Date 2009
Publication Title Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Volume 58
Issue RR-5
Pages 1-21
ISBN/ISSN 1057-5987
Language English
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Tags
  1. Aquacultural and fisheries
  2. Bacteria
  3. Communicable disease
  4. Dermatitis
  5. Diseases
  6. Domestic animals
  7. Domesticated birds
  8. Exposure
  9. Guidelines
  10. Humans
  11. Hygiene
  12. Infectious diseases
  13. Invertebrates
  14. Mammals
  15. Mycoses
  16. outbreaks
  17. Parasites
  18. pathogens
  19. Pets and companion animals
  20. Poultry
  21. prokaryotes
  22. Protozoa
  23. Public health
  24. Rabies
  25. recommendations
  26. Reptiles
  27. Reviews
  28. risk
  29. risk factors
  30. Rodents
  31. Salmonella
  32. Tuberculosis
  33. Veterinary services
  34. Virus diseases
  35. Zoonoses