Despite the fact that livestock animals like companion pets have adapted through domestication to a life with human beings, they have the same demands on their environment as their feral conspecifics. Therefore, animal husbandry means keeping animals under conditions which are appropriate to the respective species. Livestock are known to respond to non-appropriate surroundings in ways which lead to serious physiological and behavioural problems. If attempts to adapt fail, abnormal behaviour patterns may result. Compulsive disorders or stereotypies often results from repeated or continued sub-optimal environmental conditions that prevent animals from exercising highly motivated behaviour. An animal's behaviour is the result of multifaceted interactions: endogenous and exogenous stimuli, past and present features of the environment, phylogenesis and behavioural ontogeny. It is difficult to assess the well-being of animals under current husbandry conditions simply by using compulsive disorders and stereotypes as welfare indicators. Consequently, it is not always possible to decrease the occurrence of abnormal behaviours and improve the well-being of an animal merely by optimising aspects of the given environment afterwards.
|Publication Title||Praktische Tierarzt|
|Author Address||Klinikum Veterinarmedizin, Justus-Liebig-Universitat Giessen, Frankfurter Str. 104, 35392 Giessen, Germany.firstname.lastname@example.org|
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