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Livestock vehicle accidents in Spain: causes, consequences, and effects on animal welfare

By G. C. Miranda-de la Lama, W. S. Sepulveda, M. Villarroel, G. A. Maria

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Livestock vehicle accidents are rare but involve significant economic, human, and nonhuman farm animal losses. This study obtained information on the characteristics of accidents, the animals involved, and injuries to humans from newspaper reports about livestock vehicle accidents in Spain from January 2000 to December 2008. Most accidents involved pig transport (57%), followed by bovine (30%), poultry (8%), and sheep (5%). Driver mortality was not high (6%), and most accidents (76%) involved only the livestock vehicle, which often was overturned (64%) on a straight road transect (51%). Multivariate analysis of the data suggests 2 types of accidents, depending on the species transported. In the first cluster, 95.3% of the cases involved pig transport with articulated vehicles (60.5%). In the second cluster, 94.4% of the accidents involved small vehicles used for cattle transport (44.4%). The results of this study indicate that the characteristics of livestock vehicle accidents vary according to species. One of the main causes of accidents appears to be driver fatigue, which may be due to several factors such as intense workdays, poorly designed route plans, or high levels of pressure from companies.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 109-123
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2011.551622
Language English
Author Address Department of Animal Production and Food Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Accidents
  2. Analysis
  3. Animal diseases
  4. Animal rights
  5. Animals
  6. Animal welfare
  7. Birds
  8. Bovidae
  9. Cattle
  10. Characteristics
  11. Corporations
  12. Death rate
  13. Developed countries
  14. Domesticated birds
  15. Effect
  16. Europe
  17. Fatigue
  18. Humans
  19. Livestock
  20. Mammals
  21. Meat animals
  22. Mediterranean region
  23. Men
  24. mortality
  25. Multivariate Analysis
  26. OECD countries
  27. peer-reviewed
  28. Pigs
  29. Poultry
  30. Primates
  31. Ruminants
  32. Sheep
  33. Spain
  34. Suiformes
  35. Swine
  36. tiredness
  37. trauma
  38. ungulates
  39. vertebrates
  40. Wool producing animals
  1. peer-reviewed