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Canine Rabies: A Looming Threat to Public Health

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Abstract

Rabies is an acute, fatal viral disease that infects domestic and wild animals and is transmissible to humans. Worldwide, rabies kills over 55,000 people every year. The domestic dog plays a pivotal role in rabies transmission. Domestic dogs are not only part of our daily lives but also of our immediate surroundings, and this is reflected in the rise in pet dog ownership in developed and developing countries. This is important given that more frequent exposures and interactions at the animal-human interface increases the likelihood of contracting zoonotic diseases of companion animals. Despite existing vaccines and post-exposure prophylactic treatment, rabies remains a neglected disease that is poorly controlled throughout much of the developing world, particularly Africa and Asia, where most human rabies deaths occur. It is believed that with sustained international commitments, global elimination of rabies from domestic dog populations, the most dangerous vector to humans, is a realistic goal.

Submitter

Megan Kendall

Purdue University

Date 2011
Publication Title Animals
Volume 1
Issue 4
Pages 326-342
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
Publisher MDPI AG (Basel, Switzerland)
DOI 10.3390/ani1040326
URL http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/1/4/326
Language English
Notes This article was found at MDPI, Open Access Publishing: http://www.mdpi.com
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal welfare
  2. Canine
  3. Health
  4. Public health
  5. Rabies
  6. Zoonoses