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A case study: the effect of visitors on two captive pumas with respect to the time of the day

By C. M. Maia, G. L. Volpato, E. F. Santos

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Abstract

This study analyzed the effects of noise levels and number of visitors on the behaviors of a mother puma and her daughter in a zoo environment with respect to the time of day. The study monitored visitation (noise and number) over two 1-week periods (4 weeks between periods) and frequency of various puma behaviors (videorecorded). The study analyzed videotaped behavior of the pumas based on the time of day and visitors' number and noise levels. There was a direct association of puma behaviors with visitors' number and noise levels. The daughter puma was the most affected and behavioral changes of both pumas correlated more strongly with the noise level than the number of visitors. The noise level and number of visitors affected the behavior of the mother and her daughter only in the morning. The results of this study indicate that both noise level and number of visitors affected these pumas but revealed the noise as predominant. Moreover, the response of these pumas to visitors depended on the time of the day.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 15
Issue 3
Pages 222-235
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
Publisher Taylor & Francis
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2012.683758
Language English
Author Address Laboratory of Animal Physiology and Behavior, Department of Physiology, Institute of Biosciences (IBB), UNESP, 18618-000, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.carolmm_luzi@hotmail.com
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal rights
  3. Animals
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Behavior and behavior mechanisms
  6. Carnivores
  7. Case Report
  8. Cats
  9. Cougars
  10. Effect
  11. Mammals
  12. Noise
  13. peer-reviewed
  14. vertebrates
  15. Zoo and captive wild animals
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed