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The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries

By M. A. G. von Keyserlingk, M. J. Hotzel

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Abstract

Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to those found in most industrialized countries. However, it is now well established that many of these systems are associated with numerous welfare problems, particularly with respect to restriction of movement. Previous work has shown that people living in industrialized' countries broadly support farm animal welfare reform, and that similar criticisms may be voiced from citizens living in developing countries as they become more aware of confinement housing and potentially contentious husbandry practices. Given the developments that have taken place in other countries, there are lessons that could be learned and applied by emerging economies that would undoubtedly ease or prevent the challenges observed in other countries. Thus, we briefly describe the vehicles used by different countries when addressing animal welfare that may provide insights into identifying possible challenges and potential solutions for Brazil and other emerging economies. Where available we review the associated science and identify gaps where more research is needed. We conclude by providing a possible roadmap on how farm animal welfare reform may be addressed in emerging countries. Solutions will need to be tailored, culturally relevant, and science must play a key role in supporting animal welfare reform in the emerging countries.

Publication Title Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Ethics
Volume 28
Issue 1
Pages 179-195
ISBN/ISSN 0893-4282
Publisher Springer
DOI 10.1007/s10806-014-9518-7
Language English
Author Address Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.nina@mail.ubc.ca
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Tags
  1. Animal health and hygiene
  2. Animal housing
  3. Animal husbandry
  4. Animal production
  5. Animals
  6. Animal welfare
  7. APEC countries
  8. Argentina
  9. Asia
  10. Australasia
  11. Australia
  12. Birds
  13. Bovidae
  14. Brazil
  15. Cattle
  16. Chickens
  17. China
  18. Commonwealth
  19. Countries
  20. Developed countries
  21. Developing countries
  22. Domestic animals
  23. Egg production
  24. Eggs
  25. Europe
  26. Farms
  27. Fowls
  28. Germany
  29. Husbandry
  30. Hygiene
  31. intensity
  32. Latin America
  33. Livestock
  34. Mammals
  35. Meat animals
  36. Meat production
  37. Mediterranean region
  38. Mexico
  39. Movement
  40. Nations
  41. North America
  42. Oceania
  43. OECD countries
  44. peer-reviewed
  45. Pigs
  46. Policy and Planning
  47. pork
  48. Poultry
  49. restraint of animals
  50. Ruminants
  51. Russia
  52. South America
  53. Spain
  54. structure
  55. Suiformes
  56. Threshold
  57. ungulates
  58. United States of America
  59. vertebrates
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  1. peer-reviewed