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The helping horse: how equine assisted learning contributes to the wellbeing of First Nations youth in treatment for volatile substance misuse

By C. Adams, C. Arratoon, J. Boucher, G. Cartier, D. Chalmers, C. A. Dell, D. Dell, D. Dryka, R. Duncan, K. Dunn, C. Hopkins, L. Longclaws, T. MacKinnon, E. Sauve, S. Spence, M. Wuttunee

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Abstract

There has been recent interest in Canada exploring the benefits of equine assisted interventions in the treatment of First Nations youth who misuse volatile substances. Using the richness of an exploratory case study involving the White Buffalo Youth Inhalant Treatment Centre and the Cartier Equine Learning Center, our community-based study examined the question of how an Equine Assisted Learning (EAL) program contributes to the wellbeing of First Nations female youth who misuse volatile substances. Both programs are grounded in a holistic bio-psycho-social-spiritual framework of healing. Our study shares how the EAL horses, facilitators and program content contributed to youths' wellbeing in each area of the healing framework (bio-psycho-social-spiritual), with emphasis on the cultural significance of the horse and its helping role. The horse is a helper in the girls' journeys toward improved wellbeing - the horse helps through its very nature as a highly instinctive animal, it helps the facilitators do their jobs, and it also helps put the treatment program activities into practice. In addition, the role of First Nations culture in the girls' lives was enhanced through their encounters with the horses. The findings support the limited literature on equine assisted interventions and add important insights to the youth addictions treatment literature. Key implications to consider for EAL and volatile substance misuse policy, practice and research are identified.

Publication Title Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin
Volume 3
Issue 1
Pages 52-75
Language English
Author Address Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.colleen.dell@usask.ca
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Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Animals
  3. APEC countries
  4. Canada
  5. Children
  6. Commonwealth of Nations
  7. Developed countries
  8. Drugs
  9. Girls
  10. Horses
  11. Humans
  12. Mammals
  13. Men
  14. OECD countries
  15. peer-reviewed
  16. Pets and companion animals
  17. Primates
  18. Substance dependence
  19. ungulates
  20. United States of America
  21. vertebrates
  22. youth
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  1. peer-reviewed