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The slaughterhouse, social disorganization, and violent crime in rural communities

By J. R. Jacques

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Abstract

Scholars in nonhuman animal studies and criminology have argued that more attention should be paid to the violence sanctioned by society, that of animal slaughter for industrial food production. Slaughterhouses and the communities surrounding these facilities present ideal sites for investigating how the violence of nonhuman animal slaughter work impacts individuals and society. The main research questions addressed in this study were whether the presence of a slaughterhouse in a rural community had an effect on violent crime arrest rates and what impact these facilities have on social disorganization in the community. Previous research on slaughterhouse communities has established a correlation between slaughterhouse employment and violent crime. This research examined the relationship between the presence of a slaughterhouse in the community and violent crime rates. Findings indicated that the location of a slaughterhouse in a county was associated with increases in the total arrest rate, arrests for rape, and arrests for offenses against the family in comparison to counties without a slaughterhouse, pointing to a relationship between the violence of killing nonhuman animals and violence towards humans.

Publication Title Society & Animals
Volume 23
Issue 6
Pages 594-612
ISBN/ISSN 1063-1119
Publisher Brill
DOI 10.1163/15685306-12341380
Language English
Author Address Department of Sociology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA.jaltif@knights.ucf.edu
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Tags
  1. Aggressive behavior
  2. Animal welfare
  3. APEC countries
  4. Communities
  5. Correlation
  6. Developed countries
  7. Domestic violence
  8. Employees
  9. Florida
  10. North America
  11. OECD countries
  12. peer-reviewed
  13. rape
  14. Rural Population
  15. slaughter
  16. slaughterhouses
  17. structure
  18. United States of America
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed