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You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla) / About

Animal exploitation during the Old Kingdom in Egypt: contribution from Ayn Asil (Dakhla Oasis)Exploitation animale a l'Ancien Empire en Egypte: les apports d'Ayn Asil (oasis de Dakhla)

By J. Lesur

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Abstract

At the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt, food production relies on a dense agriculture in the Delta and the Nile valley as well as on livestock herding and fishing. The situation is however different in the Western Desert which undergoes a strong aridification. Archaeozoological remains coming from the governorate palace of Ayn Asil in the Dakhla Oasis bring many evidence to understand animal's exploitation and consumption practices in this arid and limited-resources environment. Analysis of bones fragments excavated in different sectors of the site show that livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats are highly dominant. Hunting practices supply also complementary food resources which are probably essential in this dry landscape. Wild species include mainly dorcas gazelle, oryx and barbary sheep. Herding is directed toward the production of meat with a secondary use of milk. Animal's products such as bones and shells are also used for craft production. Associated with textual evidence, these results fit well with the general picture of food production during the Old Kingdom, with, however, characteristics peculiar to this oasis province.

Publication Title Anthropozoologica
Volume 50
Issue 1
Pages 33-47
ISBN/ISSN 0761-3032
DOI 10.5252/az2014n1a3
Language French
Author Address Archeozoologie, Archeobotanique: Societes, Pratiques et Environnements (UMR 7209), Sorbonne Universites, Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, CNRS, case postale 55, 57 rue Cuvier, F-75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.jolesur@mnhn.fr
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Tags
  1. Africa
  2. Angiosperms
  3. Animals
  4. Antelopes
  5. Bovidae
  6. Capra
  7. Cattle
  8. Developing countries
  9. Egypt
  10. Flowers
  11. Goats
  12. Hunting
  13. Livestock
  14. Livestock farming
  15. Mammals
  16. Mediterranean region
  17. Middle East
  18. peer-reviewed
  19. Plants
  20. regions
  21. Ruminants
  22. Sheep
  23. ungulates
  24. vertebrates
  25. Wild animals
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed