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Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda

By J. Idibu, F. Kabi, D. Mpairwe

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Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10 pure Ankole and another of 10 crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to the seasonal variations in pasture quantity and quality were also examined. Irrespective of season, the dominant pasture species was Brachiaria decumbens, with scanty presence of Hyparrhenia rufa, Themeda triandra, Sporobolus pyramidalis and Cymbopogon afronardus. The sward height, biomass, CP, NDF and IVOMD were dependent on both season and species ( P

Publication Title Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume 174
Pages 11-18
ISBN/ISSN 0168-1591
DOI 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.11.010
Language English
Author Address Department of Agricultural Production, School of Agricultural Sciences, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.dmpairwe@caes.mak.ac.ug dmpairwe@gmail.com d_mpairwe@yahoo.co.uk
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Tags
  1. ACP Countries
  2. Africa
  3. Angiosperms
  4. Animal behavior
  5. Animal nutrition
  6. Animals
  7. Bites and stings
  8. Bovidae
  9. Breeding
  10. Breeds
  11. Cattle
  12. Commonwealth
  13. Crossbreds
  14. Developing countries
  15. Digestibility
  16. Dry season
  17. Effect
  18. Feeding
  19. Fiber
  20. Flowers
  21. Fodder
  22. Foraging
  23. Genotypes
  24. Grasses
  25. Grazing
  26. Least developed countries
  27. Mammals
  28. Nations
  29. pastures
  30. peer-reviewed
  31. Plants
  32. pregnancy
  33. proteins
  34. Ruminants
  35. rumination
  36. seasons
  37. stocking rates
  38. Uganda
  39. ungulates
  40. variation
  41. vertebrates
  42. wet season
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  1. peer-reviewed