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Activity budgets of captive Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) under a training regime

By K. Wierucka, S. Siemianowska, M. Wozniak, K. Jasnosz, M. Kieliszczyk, P. Kozak, A. Sergiel

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Abstract

Ethograms and time budgets are crucial for the behavioral assessment of nonhuman animals in zoos, and they serve as references for welfare research. This study was conducted to obtain detailed time budgets of trained Cape fur seals ( Arctocephalus pusillus) in captivity, to evaluate variations of these patterns, and to determine whether abnormal behaviors had been displayed. Behavioral data for 3 Cape fur seals in the Wroclaw Zoo were collected, and more than 300 observation hours (during a 12-month period) per individual were analyzed. The studied animals exhibited a diversified repertoire of natural behaviors with apparent seasonal and daily patterns, and they did not present stereotypic behaviors. Significant differences of interaction rates between individuals suggest more frequent affiliative interactions among related animals. The absence of stereotypic behaviors, good health of individuals, and the presence of diversified natural behaviors indicated relatively good welfare of Cape fur seals kept in the Wroclaw Zoo.

Publication Title Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science
Volume 19
Issue 1
Pages 62-72
ISBN/ISSN 1088-8705
DOI 10.1080/10888705.2015.1106945
Language English
Author Address Department of Behavioral Ecology, Institute of Environmental Biology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland.kaja.wierucka@gmail.com
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Animal welfare
  3. Aquacultural and fisheries
  4. Aquatic organisms
  5. Carnivores
  6. Health
  7. Interactions
  8. Mammals
  9. Marine mammals
  10. peer-reviewed
  11. sea lions
  12. Seals
  13. seasons
  14. training
  15. vertebrates
  16. Wild animals
  17. Zoological gardens
  18. Zoos
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  1. peer-reviewed