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Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses of dogs and cats

By B. B. Chomel

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Abstract

Since the middle of the 20th century, pets are more frequently considered as "family members" within households. However, cats and dogs still can be a source of human infection by various zoonotic pathogens. Among emerging or re-emerging zoonoses, viral diseases, such as rabies (mainly from dog pet trade or travel abroad), but also feline cowpox and newly recognized noroviruses or rotaviruses or influenza viruses can sicken our pets and be transmitted to humans. Bacterial zoonoses include bacteria transmitted by bites or scratches, such as pasteurellosis or cat scratch disease, leading to severe clinical manifestations in people because of their age or immune status and also because of our closeness, not to say intimacy, with our pets. Cutaneous contamination with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Leptospira spp., and/or aerosolization of bacteria causing tuberculosis or kennel cough are also emerging/re-emerging pathogens that can be transmitted by our pets, as well as gastro-intestinal pathogens such as Salmonella or Campylobacter. Parasitic and fungal pathogens, such as echinococcosis, leishmaniasis, onchocercosis, or sporotrichosis, are also re-emerging or emerging pet related zoonoses. Common sense and good personal and pet hygiene are the key elements to prevent such a risk of zoonotic infection.

Publication Title Animals
Volume 4
Issue 3
Pages 434-445
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
DOI 10.3390/ani4030434
Language English
Author Address Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.bbchomel@ucdavis.edu
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Antibiotics
  3. Bacteria
  4. Bacterial infections and mycoses
  5. Canidae
  6. Canine
  7. Carnivores
  8. Cats
  9. Diseases
  10. Dogs
  11. Helminthiasis
  12. Human influenza
  13. Immune response
  14. Infections
  15. Invertebrates
  16. Leishmania
  17. Mammals
  18. Mycoses
  19. nematodes
  20. Parasites
  21. Parasitic diseases
  22. pathogens
  23. peer-reviewed
  24. prokaryotes
  25. Protozoa
  26. Protozoan infections
  27. Rabies
  28. risk
  29. roundworm
  30. tapeworms
  31. vertebrates
  32. Virus diseases
  33. Zoonoses
Badges
  1. peer-reviewed