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Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

By S. M. Trapp, M. S. C. de F. Maeda, B. Kemper, F. A. Barca Junior, R. L. Freire, L. G. Pretto-Giordano, S. A. Headley

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Abstract

This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly more male (55.8%; 679/1,217) dogs relative to females (44.2%; 538/1217). Most cats (69.2%; 180/260) did not received any antiparasitic medication, were not immunized against rabies (91.2%; 237/260) or any specific infectious disease (91.5%; 238/260). Less than half (40.8%; 106/260) of these was below one-year-of age, but a significant number of cats was without any definite breed (81.2%; 211/260), and not spayed (93.5%; 243/260). Most dogs were of the mixed breed (69.5%; 846/1217), between one and four-years old (42.6%; 519/1217), and not spayed (96.3%; 1172/1,217). An elevated population of dogs received anthelminthic drugs (71%; 865/1,217), but most of these were not immunized against rabies (63.8% 777/1,217) or other infectious disease (58.6%; 713/1,217). Most (68.7%; 770/1,120) households were owners of a pet dog and/or cat; 54.4% (610/1,120) of these owned only dogs, 4.9% (55/1,120) were the owners of cats only, while 9.4% (105/1,120) owned pet dogs and cats. The results obtained are similar to those described in populated cities of Brazil and other countries. However, the free street access of pets associated with the reduced level of immunization against canine and feline infectious diseases coupled with the responsibility of ownership demonstrated by most residents make these animals highly susceptible to zoonotic and infectious diseases. Additionally, the free street access of unsprayed pets increases the risk of contact with other animals and the transmission of disease.

Publication Title Semina: Ciencias Agrarias (Londrina)
Volume 36
Issue 5
Pages 3211-3225
ISBN/ISSN 1676-546X
Language English
Author Address Dept de Clinicas Veterinarias, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, UEL, Londrina, PR, Brazil.smanducatrapp@gmail.com mayara.maeda@hotmail.com bernardo_kemper@hotmail.com flavio.barca@unopar.br rlfreire@uel.br lgiordano@uel.br selwyn.headley@uel.br
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Anthelmintics
  3. Brazil
  4. Canidae
  5. Canine
  6. Carnivores
  7. Cats
  8. Countries
  9. Demography
  10. Developing countries
  11. Diseases
  12. Dogs
  13. Females
  14. Households
  15. Infections
  16. Latin America
  17. Males
  18. Mammals
  19. Ownership
  20. Parasites
  21. Parasitic diseases
  22. Pets and companion animals
  23. population dynamics
  24. Rabies
  25. risk
  26. South America
  27. susceptibility
  28. Threshold
  29. United States of America
  30. vertebrates