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Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India

By C. S. Reddy, Yosef Reuven

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Abstract

To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even displaced in the name of conservation. Hence, we undertook a survey of 10 villages that are located in the buffer zone of the Bor Tiger Reserve (BTR). Most of the villagers interviewed had encountered tigers, most considered them a boon and beneficial to their livelihood, and almost all displayed environmental awareness and stressed the necessity to conserve tigers in order to ensure their own continued survival. Some stressed the religious connotation and significance because the tiger is the animal of transport of the Goddess Durga. A minority expressed a negative attitude that resulted not from damages incurred by the tigers, but from discontent following inept handling of property losses by the authorities, who did not provide compensation in time, or paid only a small part of the original value of the loss. We conclude that in order to ensure the continued goodwill of the local stakeholders, it is important that the state and national governments react in a timely manner and ensure that the farmer is compensated in full. Support of the villagers who cohabit with tigers will ensure the continued survival of the two entities.

Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 311-322
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Language English
Author Address Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India.ryosef@bezeqint.net
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Tags
  1. Agriculture
  2. Animals
  3. Anthrozoology
  4. Areas
  5. Asia
  6. Attitudes
  7. Biodiversity
  8. Biological resources
  9. Carnivores
  10. Cats
  11. Cleaning
  12. Commonwealth of Nations
  13. Communities
  14. Conservation
  15. Developing countries
  16. Ecology
  17. Employees
  18. Environmental research
  19. Farms
  20. Handling
  21. Humans
  22. India
  23. Instruments
  24. Livelihoods
  25. Mammals
  26. Men
  27. Methodologies
  28. models
  29. Primates
  30. Psychiatry and psychology
  31. ratings
  32. Research
  33. rural areas
  34. Rural Population
  35. Social psychology and social anthropology
  36. Social sciences
  37. sociology
  38. stakeholders
  39. Storage and Transport Equipment
  40. surveys
  41. survival
  42. Techniques
  43. tigers
  44. vertebrates
  45. villages
  46. work