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Animais solidários: a zooterapia como extensão universitária para idosos institucionalizados

By Gisele Dela Ricci, Carina Torelli, Maria de Fatima Martins, Thiago William de Almeida

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Abstract

This study aimed to introduce different animals into Vicente de Paulo Asylum quotidian, in Pirassununga city, State of São Paulo, through the lonely animals’ project of veterinary medicine and husbandry faculty of São Paulo State University, researching identify the best way to improve socialization, cognition and well-being of elders. The aging of the population represent a great challenge to relatives, health managers and institutions that harbor the elders. Associated to aging process, the decline of physics and cognate ability associated to institutionalization takes the elder to an independent and autonomy loss and sometimes deep sadness. A description, exploratory and transversal, hugging elder of seventy six years-old average of both sex. It was used the Qui-square test (x²) to statistics analysis of related factors to empathy with animals and preference of species and the t student test that set the significance of different among the groups established in p<0,05 of thirty four elder total that participated of the study, It was showed that 82% of the elders have already had experience and familiarity with animals, 63% had desire of having an animal, 84% of the employees were favorable to the visiting of the animals, but 81% did not accepted the permanence of the same. Were found as well that 82,35% participated of all proposed activities and improved the socialization and affection with the animals and the team that developed the project. Suggests others studies in the husbandry field and interventions oh human-animal with institutionalized elders, hence, biggest attentions must be done to reading and comprehension of elders answers, once them, presents cognate deficits

Submitter

Katie Carroll

Date 2014
Publication Title Revista de Cultura e Extensão USP
Pages 113-121
Publisher Universidade de Sao Paulo
URL http://www.producao.usp.br/handle/BDPI/45026
Language Spanish
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Aging
  2. Animal-assisted therapies
  3. Animal roles
  4. Cognition
  5. Extension
  6. Mental health and well-being
  7. Older adults
  8. Socialization
  9. Wild animals
  10. Zoo and captive wild animals
  11. Zoos