The use of faunal analysis from historic archaeological sites for determining status and economics has successfully contributed to a growing body of anthropological literature concerning socioeconomic factors in the 19th century. This study joins other historic studies in the analysis of faunal remains for indicators of socioeconomic status. Contemporary hospitals are notorious for serving dreadful food. Given that this was one of the very first public health care institutions in the United States, I hypothesized that inexpensive, low-ranking beef cuts would dominate the assemblage, if beef was present at all. I expected that if there was any change over time, it would be in decreasing of meat quantities represented in each level simultaneously with an increase in lowerranked cuts. xiv Shasta Community College, overseen by Dr. Eric Ritter, conducted excavations in the spring semesters of 2005 and 2006, respectively, of historic Shasta County Hospital site CA-SHA-1234H, which was located in old Shasta. This study focuses on the beef remains from Shasta County Hospital and on historic documentation of beef expenditures from the Board of Supervisors office in Redding to interpret social status and economic conditions for the years of 1855, when the hospital was founded and opened, to 1900, when the hospital closed and relocated to Redding. The results contradicted the original hypothesis. Rather than serving the lowest quality beef portions, the meats most closely resemble those which are served to paying patrons at saloons. Additionally, the amount of money spent on beef increased over time despite the economic demise of the city of Shasta. It is concluded that Shasta County Hospital served beef exceeding expectations and that the beef expenditures do not parallel the city’s economic decline because Shasta County prospered as a result of the cumulative health of its constituent cities.
|Publisher||California State University Chico|
|Degree||Master of Arts|
|University||California State University Chico|
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