Animal assisted therapy (TAA) is a practice with specific criteria where the animal is the main part of the treatment, aiming to promote the social, emotional, physical and / or cognitive improvement of patients. It assumes that the love and friendship that can arise between humans and animals generate innumerable benefits. It is known that there are several qualitative evidences and the positive results of equine therapy in the motor function of the practitioners, but little is known about the behavior of the muscular internal structures in relation to the force and the activation, specifically. Thus, this study aimed to verify the behavior of the electromyographic signal of the rectus abdominis (RA) and lumbar paravertebral (PL) muscles in two different postures adopted during the simple mount. An analytical research was carried out, verifying the effects of the three-dimensional movement of the horse on the practitioner. For this, 31 students of the physiotherapy course of the University Center Univates of both sexes, aged between 19 and 29 years, were selected, with no experience in riding. The horse ran a distance of 50 meters in a straight line for the simple mount (posture 1) and after for simple inverted mount (posture 2), and the muscular electric activity was captured by surface electrodes. After collection, the means of Root Maen Square (RMS) obtained for each muscle group (RA and PL) of the same individual were compared for both postures during the mating test using the paired t-test. In the analysis of the muscular activation during the mount it was observed that in relation to the PL muscle a significant difference was observed (t = -3.29%, p = 0.0003), and in posture 2 it presented on average (5,3323) Greater activation than in posture 1 (4.7258). In the analysis of the RA muscle, a significant difference (t = - 2.1148; p = 0.0428) was also observed, and in posture 2, on average (5.0342), there was greater activation than in posture 1 (4.7065 ).
|Department||Environment and Development|