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In the water with white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias): participants' beliefs toward cage-diving in Australia

By K. Apps, K. Dimmock, D. Lloyd, C. Huveneers

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Abstract

White shark (Carcharodon carcharias) cage-diving tourism is a controversial activity that provokes emotional and often opposing points of view. With increasing demand for shark tourism since the 1990s, the underlying determinants driving this growth in participation remain unclear. This paper adopts a qualitative approach to investigate beliefs underlying tourists' choice to observe white sharks while cage-diving at the Neptune Islands, South Australia. Elicitation surveys gathered responses from a sample (n=86) of cage-diving participants. Content analysis of the responses revealed the decision to cage-dive with white sharks is driven by factors including education and the perceived naturalness of the experience. The findings of this study indicate an opportunity for cage-dive operators to provide in situ education and interpretation with potential for increased tourist satisfaction and shark conservation outcomes.

Publication Title Anthrozoƶs
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 231-245
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Language English
Author Address School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, PO Box 157, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia.kirintapps@gmail.com
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Tags
  1. Analysis
  2. Animals
  3. Anthropology
  4. Anthrozoology
  5. APEC countries
  6. Aquacultural and fisheries
  7. Aquatic Biology and Ecology
  8. Aquatic organisms
  9. Attitudes
  10. Australasia
  11. Australia
  12. Biodiversity
  13. Biological resources
  14. Commonwealth of Nations
  15. Conservation
  16. Countries
  17. Developed countries
  18. Ecology
  19. Education
  20. Emotions
  21. Extension
  22. Fish
  23. Humans
  24. Islands
  25. Mammals
  26. Men
  27. Oceania
  28. OECD countries
  29. Primates
  30. Psychiatry and psychology
  31. Research
  32. sharks
  33. Social psychology and social anthropology
  34. Social sciences
  35. surveys
  36. Tourism and travel
  37. training
  38. vertebrates
  39. Wild animals
  40. wildlife
  41. Zoology