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Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

By L. M. Ellsworth, S. Tragesser, R. C. Newberry

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Abstract

We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes toward activities when participating in human-dog interaction activities (dog-interaction condition) compared with "treatment-as-is" recreational activities (control condition). Participants were assigned to weekly 1-h-long condition activities for 8 weeks (4 weeks per condition). Due to attrition, only the participants' first and second exposures to each condition were evaluated. Using a within- and between-subjects, repeated measures crossover design, we assessed effects of the two conditions on affective states as indexed by Positive and Negative Affect Scale-Expanded Form (PANAS-X) subscales (mixed linear model, n=12). Attitudes toward dog-interaction and control activities were assessed using a researcher-generated survey (ordered logistic regression, n=14, mean age=16.2 years). Condition impacted Hostility (F(1,31)=6.55, p

Date 2016
Publication Title Anthrozoƶs
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 247-262
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
DOI 10.1080/08927936.2016.1152719
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08927936.2016.1152719
Author Address Department of Animal Sciences, Washington State University, Animal Sciences Laboratory Building, PO Box 646351, Pullman, WA 99164-6351, USA.lindsay.madden@wsu.edu
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Ellsworth, L. M.; Tragesser, S.; Newberry, R. C. (2017), "Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment," http://habricentral.org/resources/59310.

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Tags
  1. Adolescents
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Animals
  4. Animal science
  5. Anthrozoology
  6. Attitudes
  7. Behavioral research
  8. Canidae
  9. Canine
  10. Carnivores
  11. Children
  12. Companion
  13. Conflict
  14. Dogs
  15. Effect
  16. Efficacy
  17. Evaluation
  18. Human behavior
  19. Humans
  20. Mammals
  21. Men
  22. Methodologies
  23. Pets and companion animals
  24. Primates
  25. Psychiatry and psychology
  26. recreation
  27. Relationships
  28. Science
  29. social anthropology
  30. Social psychology and social anthropology
  31. Social sciences
  32. Sports
  33. Techniques
  34. therapy
  35. vertebrates
  36. Zoology