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Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

By C. S. Reddy, Yosef Reuven

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Abstract

To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even displaced in the name of conservation. Hence, we undertook a survey of 10 villages that are located in the buffer zone of the Bor Tiger Reserve (BTR). Most of the villagers interviewed had encountered tigers, most considered them a boon and beneficial to their livelihood, and almost all displayed environmental awareness and stressed the necessity to conserve tigers in order to ensure their own continued survival. Some stressed the religious connotation and significance because the tiger is the animal of transport of the Goddess Durga. A minority expressed a negative attitude that resulted not from damages incurred by the tigers, but from discontent following inept handling of property losses by the authorities, who did not provide compensation in time, or paid only a small part of the original value of the loss. We conclude that in order to ensure the continued goodwill of the local stakeholders, it is important that the state and national governments react in a timely manner and ensure that the farmer is compensated in full. Support of the villagers who cohabit with tigers will ensure the continued survival of the two entities.

Publication Title Anthrozoƶs
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 311-322
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Language English
Author Address Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Chandrapur, Maharashtra, India.ryosef@bezeqint.net
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Tags
  1. Agriculture
  2. Animals
  3. Anthrozoology
  4. Areas
  5. Asia
  6. Attitudes
  7. Biodiversity
  8. Biological resources
  9. Business
  10. Carnivores
  11. Cats
  12. Cleaning
  13. Commonwealth of Nations
  14. Communities
  15. Conservation
  16. Developing countries
  17. Ecology
  18. Employees
  19. Environmental research
  20. Farms
  21. Handling
  22. Humans
  23. India
  24. Instruments
  25. Livelihoods
  26. Mammals
  27. Men
  28. Methodologies
  29. models
  30. Primates
  31. Psychiatry and psychology
  32. ratings
  33. Research
  34. rural areas
  35. Rural Population
  36. Science
  37. Social psychology and social anthropology
  38. Social sciences
  39. sociology
  40. stakeholders
  41. Storage and Transport Equipment
  42. surveys
  43. survival
  44. Techniques
  45. tigers
  46. vertebrates
  47. villages
  48. work