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Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan

By Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan

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Abstract

The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies. Stray cats had the high prevalence (64%) followed by domestic cats (48%). The highest prevalence (71%) was detected in cat in the 7 year or above age group. The seropositivity percentage of toxoplasmosis was highest in local breeds of the cats (64%). Overall 39% dogs were seropositive for anti- Toxoplasma antibodies. Stray dogs had the high prevalence (50%) than the domestic dogs (28%). The highest prevalence of toxoplasmosis (45.9%) was recorded in dogs of age group of >1-3 years. Dogs having access to house as well as yard has the highest prevalence (40%). Overall 22% human were seropositive for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies. The highest seropositivity was observed in cat owners (32%) followed by dog owners (26%), UVAS employees (20%), and the lowest seropositivity (14%) was observed in people having no contact with dogs and cats. There was decrease in haemoglobin level of cats, dogs and human positive for anti-Toxoplasma antibodies.A

Submitter

Katie Carroll

Date 2006
Pages 15
Publisher National Research Center for Protozoan Diseases
URL http://ir.obihiro.ac.jp/dspace/handle/10322/998
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal diseases
  2. Animal health and hygiene
  3. Animal roles
  4. Animal welfare
  5. Cats
  6. Diseases
  7. Dogs
  8. Health
  9. Mammals
  10. Pakistan
  11. Pet ownership
  12. Pets and companion animals
  13. Protozoa
  14. Protozoan infections
  15. toxoplasmosis
  16. transmission
  17. Veterinary medicine