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Owners' Perceptions of Their Animal's Behavioural Response to the Loss of an Animal Companion

By Jessica K. Walker, Natalie K. Waran, Clive J.C. Phillips

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Abstract

The loss of a companion animal is recognised as being associated with experiences of grief by the owner, but it is unclear how other animals in the household may be affected by such a loss. Our aim was to investigate companion animals’ behavioural responses to the loss of a companion through owner-report. A questionnaire was distributed via, and advertised within, publications produced by the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) across Australia and New Zealand, and through a selection of veterinary clinics within New Zealand. A total of 279 viable surveys were returned pertaining to 159 dogs and 152 cats. The two most common classes of behavioural changes reported for both dogs and cats were affectionate behaviours (74% of dogs and 78% of cats) and territorial behaviours (60% of dogs and 63% of cats). Both dogs and cats were reported to demand more attention from their owners and/or display affiliative behaviour, as well as spend time seeking out the deceased’s favourite spot. Dogs were reported to reduce the volume (35%) and speed (31%) of food consumption and increase the amount of time spent sleeping (34%). Cats were reported to increase the frequency (43%) and volume (32%) of vocalisations following the death of a companion. The median duration of reported behavioural changes in both species was less than 6 months. There was consensus that the behaviour of companion animals changed in response to the loss of an animal companion. These behavioural changes suggest the loss had an impact on the remaining animal. 

Submitter

Katie Carroll

Date 2016
Publication Title Animals
Volume 6
Issue 11
Pages 14
Publisher MDPI
DOI 10.3390/ani6110068
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani6110068
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal behavior
  2. Animal roles
  3. Companion
  4. Death
  5. Grief
  6. Pet loss
  7. Pet ownership
  8. Pets and companion animals