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Exploring the Role of Farm Animals in Providing Care at Care Farms

By Jan Hassink, Simone R De Bruin, Bente Berget, Marjolein Elings

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

We explore the role of farm animals in providing care to different types of participants at care farms (e.g., youngsters with behavioural problems, people with severe mental problems and people with dementia). Care farms provide alternative and promising settings where people can interact with animals compared to a therapeutic healthcare setting. We performed a literature review, conducted focus group meetings and carried out secondary data-analysis of qualitative studies involving care farmers and different types of participants. We found that farm animals are important to many participants and have a large number of potential benefits. They can (i) provide meaningful day occupation; (ii) generate valued relationships; (iii) help people master tasks; (iv) provide opportunities for reciprocity; (v) can distract people from them problems; (vi) provide relaxation; (vii) facilitate customized care; (viii) facilitate relationships with other people; (ix) stimulate healthy behavior; (x) contribute to a welcoming environment; (xi) make it possible to experience basic elements of life; and (xii) provide opportunities for reflection and feedback. This shows the multi-facetted importance of interacting with animals on care farms. In this study the types of activities with animals and their value to different types of participants varied. Farm animals are an important element of the care farm environment that can address the care needs of different types of participants.

Submitter

Spencer CW Au

Date 2017
Publication Title Animals
Volume 7
Issue 6
Pages 45
Publisher MDPI AG
Location of Publication Basel, Switzerland
DOI 10.3390/ani7060045
URL http://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/7/6/45
Language English
Additional Language English
Tags
  1. Animal-assisted therapies
  2. Animal roles
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Dementia
  5. Farm animals
  6. Farms
  7. Food animals
  8. Mental illness
  9. youth