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A "One Health" Approach to Address Emerging Zoonoses: The HALI Project in Tanzania

By Jonna A. K. Mazet, Deana L. Clifford, Peter B. Coppolillo, Anil B. Deolalikar, Jon D. Erickson, Rudovick R. Kazwala

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Abstract

Every day thousands of children and adults die from underdiagnosed diseases that have arisen at the human–animal–environment interface, especially diarrheal and respiratory diseases in developing countries. Explosive human population growth and environmental changes have resulted in increased numbers of people living in close contact with wild and domestic animals. Unfortunately, this increased contact together with changes in land use, including livestock grazing and crop production, have altered the inherent ecological balance between pathogens and their human and animal hosts. In fact, zoonotic pathogens, such as influenza and SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), account for the majority of emerging infectious diseases in people, and more than three-quarters of emerging zoonoses are the result of wildlife-origin pathogens. While zoonoses represent a significant emerging threat to public health, many of these diseases, such as diarrheal diseases arising from poor water sanitation, are neglected by funding agencies

Submitter

Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Date 2009
Publication Title PLoS Med
Volume 6
Issue 12
Publisher PLoS
URL https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000190
Language English
Additional Language English
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Tags
  1. Animal diseases
  2. Conservation
  3. Global health
  4. Health
  5. Health care
  6. Livestock
  7. water
  8. wildlife
  9. Zoonoses