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Animal humanness, animal use, and intention to become ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan

By E. M. Diaz

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Abstract

The present study used relational and predictive approaches to build on past literature examining humanlike animal attributes. From the relational approach, it examined how five humanlike attributes ascribed to animals (Attributes Questionnaire) relate to one another and to attitudes toward 21 uses of animals (Attitudes Toward the Use of Animals Scale). From the predictive approach, it examined the predictive power of human affection toward animals and human perception of animal minds for granting animals moral consideration; additionally, it analyzed the predictive power of humanlike animal attributes for willingness to become an ethical vegetarian or ethical vegan. These analyses focused specifically on gender differences. The author used SPSS and SmartPLS 3.0, a Partial Least Square tool, for statistical analyses. Results from 481 Spanish university students responding to online and pencil-and-paper questionnaires revealed overall moderate correlations between different humanlike attributes and low correlations between those attributes and animal uses. Affection toward animals and perception of animal minds were good predictors for moral consideration of animals, especially when all four attributes were aggregated in the model (R2=0.47; Q2=0.32). Humanlike animal attributes directly affected students' intentions to become vegetarian and vegan but the explanatory power was weak in both cases (R2

Publication Title Anthrozoƶs
Volume 29
Issue 2
Pages 263-282
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Language English
Author Address Department of Marketing, Comillas Pontifical University (ICADE), Hermanos de Pablo Street 35, Atico 28027, Madrid, Spain.ediaz.research@gmail.com
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Tags
  1. Animals
  2. Anthrozoology
  3. Attitudes
  4. Developed countries
  5. Drivers
  6. Ethics
  7. Europe
  8. Humans
  9. Mammals
  10. Mediterranean region
  11. Men
  12. OECD countries
  13. predictions
  14. Primates
  15. Psychiatry and psychology
  16. Questionnaires
  17. regions
  18. Social psychology and social anthropology
  19. Spain
  20. students
  21. Universities and Colleges
  22. Vegetarianism and veganism
  23. vertebrates
  24. Women