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Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain

By J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned dogs), 40.9% of dogs presented obesity (body condition score 7–9/9), 40.9% of dogs presented hypertension, 20.4% of dogs presented fasting hypertriglyceridemia, 20.4% fasting hypercholesterolemia, and 5.4% of dogs presented fasting hyperglycemia. The overall prevalence of ORMD was of 22.6%. Seventy-eight percent of overweight/obese owners had overweight/obese dogs (P < 0.001) including all dogs diagnosed with ORMD. In conclusion, in the studied obesogenic region of Spain, the prevalence of canine obesity and ORMD was shown to be elevated and related to the presence of overweight/obesity in owners. All dogs with ORMD were owned by overweight/obese persons. These results provide new inputs for future studies highlighting the relationship between owner and pet obesity and indicating the need of further efforts to control and reduce obesity prevalence in both.

Submitter

Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Date 2017
Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 4
Issue 59
Publisher Frontiers
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2017.00059
URL https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2017.00059
Language English
Additional Language English
Tags
  1. Animal health and hygiene
  2. Animal nutrition
  3. Animal roles
  4. Animals in culture
  5. Animal welfare
  6. BMI
  7. Body condition
  8. Body mass
  9. canine obesity
  10. Epidemiology
  11. Health
  12. Mammals
  13. metabolic dysfunction
  14. metabolic syndrome
  15. Nutrition
  16. obesity
  17. owner-dog relationship
  18. owner obesity
  19. Pet ownership
  20. Pets and companion animals
  21. Physical environment
  22. Social Environments
  23. Veterinary medicine