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Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain

By J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93 client-owned dogs), 40.9% of dogs presented obesity (body condition score 7–9/9), 40.9% of dogs presented hypertension, 20.4% of dogs presented fasting hypertriglyceridemia, 20.4% fasting hypercholesterolemia, and 5.4% of dogs presented fasting hyperglycemia. The overall prevalence of ORMD was of 22.6%. Seventy-eight percent of overweight/obese owners had overweight/obese dogs (P < 0.001) including all dogs diagnosed with ORMD. In conclusion, in the studied obesogenic region of Spain, the prevalence of canine obesity and ORMD was shown to be elevated and related to the presence of overweight/obesity in owners. All dogs with ORMD were owned by overweight/obese persons. These results provide new inputs for future studies highlighting the relationship between owner and pet obesity and indicating the need of further efforts to control and reduce obesity prevalence in both.

Submitter

Mason N McLary

HABRI Central

Date 2017
Publication Title Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Volume 4
Issue 59
Publisher Frontiers
DOI 10.3389/fvets.2017.00059
URL https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2017.00059
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso; Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño; Cristina Peña; Lourdes Suárez; M. Candelaria Juste; Asta Tvarijonaviciute (2017), "Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain," http://habricentral.org/resources/61513.

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Tags
  1. Animal health and hygiene
  2. Animal nutrition
  3. Animal roles
  4. Animals in culture
  5. Animal welfare
  6. Body condition
  7. Body mass
  8. Epidemiology
  9. Health
  10. Human-animal relationships
  11. Mammals
  12. Metabolic disorders
  13. Nutrition
  14. obesity
  15. Pet ownership
  16. Pets and companion animals
  17. Physical environment
  18. Social Environments
  19. Veterinary medicine