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You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers / About

Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers

By Ali Raza, Jacquie Rand, Abdul Ghaffar Qamar, Abdul Jabbar, Steven Kopp

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Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Despite evidence of a minor role of gastrointestinal parasites in causing disease in owned pet populations prophylactically treated with anthelmintics, gastrointestinal parasitism remains an important consideration in the care of animals in shelters, and in owned pet populations in developing countries, where regular prophylactic treatment is lacking. In addition, the zoonotic potential of many organisms is a universal public health concern. Animal shelters facilitate spread of gastrointestinal parasites to incoming animals and shelter staff if there is overcrowding and frequent exposure to a contaminated environment. The prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in shelter dogs is typically higher than in owned dogs. In this review, we report the prevalence of parasites in shelter dogs worldwide, and review parasite control strategies for use in shelters. We also discuss whether the shelter environment might magnify risks for development of parasiticide resistance in resident parasite populations. We recommend an integrated parasite control approach based on sanitation measures to reduce environmental contamination and accompanied with appropriate use of anthelmintics in shelter dogs. Ideally, every animal should be treated after fecal examination for parasites during its stay in the shelter, although it is recognized that for many shelters, the resources to do this might be prohibitive.

Submitter

Katie Osborn

Publication Title Animals
Volume 8
Issue 7
ISBN/ISSN 2076-2615
Publisher Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ani8070108
URL https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/8/7/108
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Ali Raza; Jacquie Rand; Abdul Ghaffar Qamar; Abdul Jabbar; Steven Kopp (2018), "Gastrointestinal Parasites in Shelter Dogs: Occurrence, Pathology, Treatment and Risk to Shelter Workers," http://habricentral.org/resources/62984.

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Tags
  1. Animal nutrition
  2. Animal shelters
  3. Animal welfare
  4. Dogs
  5. Mammals
  6. nematodes
  7. open access
  8. parasiticide resistance
  9. Protozoa
  10. tapeworms
  11. treatment protocols
Badges
  1. open access
  2. peer-reviewed