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Pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children in Tianjin area, China

By Shugang Luo, Yuexia Sun, Jing Hou, Xiangrui Kong, Pan Wang, Qingnan Zhang, Jan Sundell

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

This study aims to find out the relationship between pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children aged 0–8 years old in Tianjin, China. Parental or guardians reports of 7360 children were analyzed. 1490 (21.6%) families kept pets at the time of the survey (current), among them 4.0% cats, and 14.7% dogs. For the first year of life of children (early), 1196 (18.4%) families kept pets, and among them 3.2% cats, and 13.7% dogs. Exposure to a pet in early childhood significantly increased the risk of current wheeze, current dry cough, and diagnosed rhinitis. 17.9% of parents reported an avoidance behavior, i.e., had removed or refrained a pet due to asthma or allergy in the family. After adjustment for avoidance behavior, the negative effect of pet keeping on children’s health became even more obvious, with e.g. an AOR of 3.37 (1.58–7.19) for diagnosed asthma, 3.60 (2.07–6.27) for diagnosed rhinitis, 1.92 (1.31–2.81) for diagnosed eczema. A dose-response relationship between pet keeping at current and current wheeze, current eczema and diagnosed eczema was found. In conclusion, pet exposure in early life of children in Tianjin is a risk factor for asthma and allergies among children aged 0–8 years old.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Publication Title PLoS ONE
Volume 13
Issue 5
Pages 9
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0197274
URL https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0197274
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Shugang Luo; Yuexia Sun; Jing Hou; Xiangrui Kong; Pan Wang; Qingnan Zhang; Jan Sundell (2018), "Pet keeping in childhood and asthma and allergy among children in Tianjin area, China," http://habricentral.org/resources/63915.

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Tags
  1. Allergy
  2. Animal roles
  3. Asthma
  4. Children
  5. China
  6. Health
  7. open access
  8. Pet ownership
  9. Pets and companion animals
Badges
  1. open access