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The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Balance and Self-Efficacy in Children with Developmental Disabilities

By Alexandra Smola, Lauren Hurley

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Abstract

Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) has positive health related outcomes in children with developmental disabilities. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a 10-week THR intervention on balance and task-specific self-efficacy in children with developmental disabilities. Bandura’s social cognitive theory and the physical stress theory guided the quasi-experimental study. A pre-test post-test design (N=20) was implemented with a 10-week THR class at a riding center in Midwest United States. The first research question was: In children with developmental disabilities ages 5 to 18, does one 10-week session of THR affect balance? With time 1 balance mean at 52.55 (SD=3.65) and time 2 balance mean at 54.15 (SD=1.63), a paired t-test revealed a significant difference in within-subject balance (t= -2.43, p = 0.025). The second research question was: In children with developmental disabilities ages 5 to 18, does a 10-week course of THR affect task-specific self-efficacy? With time 1 self-efficacy mean at 42.7 (SD=5.63) and time 2 self-efficacy mean at 48.10 (SD=2.19), a paired t-test revealed a significant difference in within-subject means (t= -5.08, p< 0.001). Therefore, both balance and self-efficacy were significantly increased after a 10-week THR intervention.    

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Pages 57
Department Nursing
Degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing
URL https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/honors_research_projects/300/
University University of Akron
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Alexandra Smola; Lauren Hurley (2018), "The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Balance and Self-Efficacy in Children with Developmental Disabilities," http://habricentral.org/resources/64032.

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Tags
  1. Animal-assisted interventions
  2. Animal-assisted therapies
  3. Children
  4. Developmental disabilities
  5. Health outcomes
  6. Horseback riding therapy
  7. Horses
  8. Mammals
  9. open access
  10. United States of America
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  1. open access