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You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East: The "ass" from Early Bronze Age Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel / About

Earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East: The "ass" from Early Bronze Age Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel

By Haskel J. Greenfield, Itzhaq Shai, Tina L. Greenfield, Elizabeth R. Arnold, Annie Brown, Adi Eliyahu, Aren M. Maeir

Category Journal Articles
Abstract

Analysis of a sacrificed and interred domestic donkey from an Early Bronze Age (EB) IIIB (c. 2800–2600 BCE) domestic residential neighborhood at Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel, indicate the presence of bit wear on the Lower Premolar 2 (LPM2). This is the earliest evidence for the use of a bit among early domestic equids, and in particular donkeys, in the Near East. The mesial enamel surfaces on both the right and left LPM2 of the particular donkey in question are slightly worn in a fashion that suggests that a dental bit (metal, bone, wood, etc.) was used to control the animal. Given the secure chronological context of the burial (beneath the floor of an EB IIIB house), it is suggested that this animal provides the earliest evidence for the use of a bit on an early domestic equid from the Near East.

Submitter

Marcy Wilhelm-South

Purdue University

Date 2018
Publication Title PLoS One
Volume 13
Issue 5
Pages 21
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0196335
URL https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196335
Language English
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  • Haskel J. Greenfield; Itzhaq Shai; Tina L. Greenfield; Elizabeth R. Arnold; Annie Brown; Adi Eliyahu; Aren M. Maeir (2018), "Earliest evidence for equid bit wear in the ancient Near East: The "ass" from Early Bronze Age Tell eṣ-Ṣâfi/Gath, Israel," http://habricentral.org/resources/64490.

    BibTex | EndNote

Tags
  1. Animal roles
  2. Bronze Age
  3. Domestication
  4. Donkeys
  5. equids
  6. Israel
  7. open access
  8. peer-reviewed
  9. Working animals
Badges
  1. open access
  2. peer-reviewed