Therapy dogs and stress management assistance during disasters
Licensed under Public Domain.
|Abstract||The therapeutic use of animals can be traced back to the times of the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. These practices were abandoned for centuries, however, as a result of changing religious and cultural mores. The resumption of the use of animals for therapeutic purposes can be attributed to the efforts of a Quaker merchant in 18th century York, England.1,2 William Tuke, acting on his dismay over the death of a Quaker in the York Asylum, raised funds to open the York Retreat in 1796 to care for the insane. Unlike in other facilities for the mentally ill of that time, patients at the York Retreat were treated with respect, allowed to pursue a variety of activities and freely wander the grounds, which were inhabited by a variety of small animals. Tuke's efforts, combined with a very negative report on conditions in British mental hospitals, gradually led to improvements in the treatment of the mentally ill, including at the notorious Bethlehem Hospital (commonly known as Bedlam), where it had been the accepted practice to charge admission to the public to view the inmates.|
|Publication Name||The United States Army Medical Department Journal|
|Publisher||The United States Army Medical Department Center & School|
|Place Published||Fort Sam Houston, TX|