The HABRI Foundation is calling for research proposals to investigate the health outcomes of pet ownership and/or animal-assisted activity or therapy, both for the people and the animals involved. To learn more, visit close

You are here: Home / Journal Articles / Tourist impact on Tibetan macaques / About

Tourist impact on Tibetan macaques

By M. D. Matheson, L. K. Sheeran, JinHua Li, R. S. Wagner

View Link (HTM)

Licensed under

Category Journal Articles

Ecotourism is a growing sector of the tourism industry, but few studies to date have quantified its impacts on local people, tourists and wildlife. We present a preliminary study on threat and affiliative behaviors of two groups of free-ranging Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana) as a function of habituation and tourist presence. Data indicate that the less habituated group spent less time within sight of tourists compared with the more habituated group. The more habituated group engaged in frequent affiliative behaviors while within sight of humans, whereas affiliative behavior was not observed in the less habituated group. The general pattern of threats consisted of adults primarily threatening juveniles and juveniles primarily threatening humans, possibly due to redirection. No clear pattern of threats as a function of tourist density emerged. Tourist feeding, although discouraged, potentially provided a catalyst for some aggression. Future research will focus on clarifying which human behaviors evoke specific threat responses from monkeys. These data will be used to refine the existing management plan for this monkey population.

Date 2006
Publication Title Anthrozoos
Volume 19
Issue 2
Pages 158-168
ISBN/ISSN 0892-7936
Author Address Central Washington University, 400 E. University Way, Ellensburg, WA 98926-7575,
Additional Language English
Cite this work

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

  1. Aggression
  2. Animal behavior
  3. Anthrozoology
  4. Asia
  5. China
  6. Developed countries
  7. Human-animal relationships
  8. Macaques
  9. Mammals
  10. Monkeys
  11. peer-reviewed
  12. Primates
  13. Relationships
  14. Tourism and travel
  15. Wild animals
  1. peer-reviewed