Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement
AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque. METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...
CONTEMPORARY MAYAN GROUPS' CONCEPTS ABOUT ANIMALS
Contributor(s): Fernando Guerrero Martinez
The concepts Mayan groups have regarding fauna involve knowledge and practices that result from sharp observation of their surroundings. This paper articulates important aspects of human-animal interaction in order to demonstrate the complexity underlying the notion of what animals mean in the...
An empirical examination of the conceptualization of companion animals
The results provide information on the relative importance of salient attributes and thus indicate which attributes that are important to consider, for example, when analyzing human-animal interaction, animal welfare, human health and subjective-well-being, or the economic value of cats and...
A Wearable System for the Evaluation of the Human-Horse Interaction: A Preliminary Study
Contributor(s): Andrea Guidi, Antonio Lanata, Paolo Baragli, Gaetano Valenza, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo
This study reports on a preliminary estimation of the human-horse interaction through the analysis of the heart rate variability (HRV) in both human and animal by using the dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm. Here, we present a wearable system for HRV monitoring in horses. Specifically, we...
Early diagnosis and intervention for autism spectrum disorder in Africa: insights from a case study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nicole Wannenburg, Roelf van Niekerk
Awareness and concern regarding the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has increased worldwide.1-3 In high resource countries, this has led to an increase in funding for ASD research and the inclusion of ASD in health policies.1,4 Despite an increase in research on ASD in Africa in the...
Influência de um ordenhador aversivo sobre a produção leiteira de vacas da raça Holandesa
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maria Jose Hotzel, Luiz Carlos Pinheiro Machado Filho, Maria Christina Yunes, Marcela Cristina A. C. da Silveira
In the present study the hypothesis that fear of humans is long-lasting and may influence milk production in Holstein cows was tested. One person (the aversive handler) carried out two daily sessions of an aversive treatment during 21 days, where each cow received two slaps on the rump and a...
Modelling personality, plasticity and predictability in shelter dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Conor Goold, Ruth C. Newberry
Behavioural assessments of shelter dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) typically comprise standardized test batteries conducted at one time point, but test batteries have shown inconsistent predictive validity. Longitudinal behavioural assessments offer an alternative. We modelled longitudinal...
Nasally-Administered Oxytocin Has Limited Effects on Owner-Directed Attachment Behavior in Pet Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lauren E. Thielke, giovanna renata rosenlicht, Sarina R Saturn, Monique A. R. Udell
The present study explored the effects of intranasal oxytocin, a naturally occurring hormone, on the behavior of pet dogs during an attachment test. Each dog participated in two testing sessions. On one visit saline was administered nasally, and on another, oxytocin was administered nasally. For...
Well-being and Human-Animal Interactions in Schools: The Case of "Dog Daycare Co-Op"
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Laura Elizabeth Pinto, Donna Foulkes
This paper draws on Martha Nussbaum’s account of the nature of human well-being to explore the role of animals in formal education settings. Nussbaum equates well-being with human flourishing, and argues that people live well when engaged in essential functions that are particular...
Xenotransplantation, Subsistence Hunting and the Pursuit of Health: Lessons for Animal Rights-Based Vegan Advocacy
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nathan M. Nobis
I argue that, contrary to what Tom Regan suggests, his rights view implies that subsistence hunting is wrong, that is, killing animals for food is wrong even when they are the only available food source, since doing so violates animal rights. We can see that subsistence hunting is wrong on...
Demystifying Animal Rights
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mylan Engel Jr.
According to the mysteriousness objection, moral rights are wholly mysterious, metaphysically suspect entities. Given their unexplained character and dubious metaphysical status, the objection goes, we should be ontologically parsimonious and deny that such entities exist. I defend Tom...
We Are All Noah: Tom Regan's Olive Branch to Religious Animal Ethics
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Matthew C. Halteman
For the past thirty years, Tom Regan has bucked the trend among secular animal rights philosophers and spoken patiently and persistently to the best angels of religious ethics in a stream of publications that enjoins religious scholars, clergy, and lay people alike to rediscover the resources...
Chasing Secretariat's Consent: The Impossibility of Permissible Animal Sports
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): James Rocha
Tom Regan argued that animal sports cannot be morally permissible because they are cruel and the animals do not voluntarily participate. While Regan is correct about actual animal sports, we should ask whether substantially revised animal sports could be permissible. We can imagine significant...
Harming (Respectfully) Some to Benefit Others: Animal Rights and the Moral Imperative of Trap-Neuter-Release Programs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cheryl E. Abbate
Because spaying/neutering animals involves the harming of some animals in order to prevent harm to others, some ethicists, like David Boonin, argue that the philosophy of animal rights is committed to the view that spaying/neutering animals violates the respect principle and that Trap Neuter...
Nozick's Libertarian Critique of Regan
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Josh Milburn
Robert Nozick’s oft-quoted review of Tom Regan’s The Case for Animal Rights levels a range of challenges to Regan’s philosophy. Many commentators have focussed on Nozick’s putative defence of speciesism, but this has led to them overlooking other aspects of the critique....
"Subjects-of-a-Life," Entelechy, and Intrinsic Teleology
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Josephine Donovan
This article explores the question of what is a “subject-of-a-life,” Tom Regan’s celebrated term for a living entity to whom, he argued, we humans owe ethical duty. I return to ancient concepts of entelechy and teleological organization, arguing that, stripped of theological...
Reflections on Tom Regan and the Animal Rights Movement That Once Was
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gary L. Francione
Ethnobiology in One Health
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marsha B Quinlan, Robert J Quinlan
The new One Health concept is, essentially, the ethnobiology of health, addressing the interrelation of human, animal and environmental health. Incited by 2003 outbreaks of animal-borne SARS and avian influenza, One Health’s multidisciplinary perspective complements growing international...
The impact of atypical early histories on pet or performer chimpanzees
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hani D. Freeman, Stephen R. Ross
It is widely accepted that an animal’s early history, including but not limited to its rearing history, can have a profound impact on later behavior. In the case of captive animals, many studies have used categorical measures such as mother reared or human reared that do not...
The influence of dog ownership on objective measures of free-living physical activity and sedentary behaviour in community-dwelling older adults: a longitudinal case-controlled study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Philippa Margaret Dall, Sarah Lesley Helen Ellis, Brian Martin Ellis, P Margaret Grant, Alison Colyer, Nancy Renee Gee, Malcolm Howard Granat, Daniel Simon Mills
Background There is some evidence to suggest that dog ownership may improve physical activity (PA) among older adults, but to date, studies examining this, have either depended on self-report or incomplete datasets due to the type of activity monitor used to record physical activity....