Effects of Short-Term Human-Horse Interactions on Human Heart Rate Variability: A Multiple Single Case Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Saan Ecker, Amy Lykins
Influences from human-horse interactions form the basis of the emerging field of equine-assisted psychotherapy (EAP). However, the psychophysiological effects of horses on humans in the EAP context have been underinvestigated. This multiple single case design study examined the effects of...
Psychosocial Impact of Pet Keeping on Schoolchildren in China
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yanxia Song, Toshiya Hirose, Naoko Koda
Studies in Western countries have demonstrated the benefits of pets for humans. However, there are not many studies on human-pet relationships in different cultures and societies; for example, few in Asia. This questionnaire survey demonstrated that attachment to pets benefits the psychosocial...
Interpersonal and Pet Attachment, Empathy toward Animals, and Anthropomorphism: An Investigation of Pet Owners in Romania
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alina Simona Rusu, Carmen Costea-Barlutiu, Dennis C. Turner
The current study investigates the associations between interpersonal and pet attachment (anxiety and avoidance dimensions), empathy toward animals, and anthropomorphism in the Romanian cultural context, where problems regarding the effectiveness of pet management programs are still being...
The Meaning and Motivation of Children Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy: A Pilot Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Beth Laskowski, Melissa Y. Winkle, Whitney Lucas Molitor
Background: Despite claims that animal-assisted therapy is beneficial, there is limited empirical evidence supporting this. Current literature supports the physical, emotional, and psychological benefits an animal can provide, but few studies have explored the outcomes of incorporating an...
The Intersection of Aging and Pet Guardianship: Influences of Health and Social Support
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ranell L. Mueller, Elizabeth G. Hunter
Studies of the human-animal bond show many positive health effects for pet guardians including a sense of companionship, reduced depression and loneliness, and higher activity levels, yet few studies have examined factors such as how the pet guardians’ health, age, and social networks...
Paws for Thought: The Importance of Dogs in a Seniors Social Intervention
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elisa Maria Concetta Papotto, Jessica Lee Oliva Dr
As Australia faces an aging population with an unprecedented life expectancy, it is the community’s obligation to ensure seniors are offered resources to support their well-being. Studies investigating loneliness in aged-care facilities attest to the therapeutic properties of dogs for...
An Animal-Assisted Intervention Study in the Nursing Home: Lessons Learned
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lonneke G. J. A. Schuurmans, Inge Noback, Jos M. G. A. Schols, Marie-Jose Enders-Slegers
AAI studies in the nursing home pose a specific set of challenges. In this article the practical and ethical issues encountered during a Dutch psychogeriatric nursing home AAI study are addressed with the aim of sharing our experiences for future researchers as well as AAI practitioners in...
Conservation Psychology: A Gap in Current Australian Undergraduate Psychology Education?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Elissa Pearson
Human actions have contributed to numerous environmental challenges, including climate change and a significant loss of the world’s biodiversity. As the scientific study of human thought and behaviour, psychology has much to offer in better understanding these issues, as well as fostering...
The role of trust in binding the perspectives of guide dogs and their visually impaired handlers
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Riin Magnus
Building on anthropological discussions of perspectivism and (zoo)semiotic accounts of sign use by humans and other animals, the article explores the cooperation of a guide dog and its visually impaired handler as contingent on the mutual adjustment of two individual perspectives. A perspective...
Do human activity and infrastructure disturb domesticated reindeer? The need for the reindeer's perspective
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anna Skarin, Birgitta Åhman
In recent decades, human–Rangifer (reindeer and caribou) interactions have increasingly been studied from a scientific perspective. Many of the studies have examined Norwegian wild reindeer or caribou in North America. It is often questioned whether results from these studies can be...
Short- and Long-Term Effects of Unpredictable Repeated Negative Stimuli on Japanese Quail's Fear of Humans
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Agathe Laurence, Sophie Lumineau, Ludovic Calandreau, Cécile Arnould, Christine Leterrier, Alain Boissy, Cécilia Houdelier
Numerous aversive events occur in poultry production, and if repeated and unpredictable, can result in an impaired welfare. Some events such as handling can be perceived negatively and it is of interest to understand how humans' behaviour could affect poultry's behaviours and especially...
Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Therese Rehn, Ragen T. S. McGowan, Linda J. Keeling
The Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) is increasingly being used to study attachment between dogs and humans. It has been developed from the Ainsworth Strange Situation Procedure, which is used extensively to investigate attachment between children and their parents. In this experiment, 12...
Rabies in Nonhuman Primates and Potential for Transmission to Humans: A Literature Review and Examination of Selected French National Data
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Philippe Gautret, Jesse Blanton, Laurent Dacheux, Florence Ribadeau-Dumas, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Douglas H. Esposito, Hervé Bourhy
Background: The nonhuman primate (NHP)-related injuries in rabies-enzootic countries is a public health problem of increasing importance. The aims of this work are to collect data concerning rabies transmission from NHPs to humans; to collate medical practices regarding rabies postexposure...
Brain regions involved in observing and trying to interpret dog behaviour
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Charlotte Desmet, Alko van der Wiel, Marcel Brass
Humans and dogs have interacted for millennia. As a result, humans (and especially dog owners) sometimes try to interpret dog behaviour. While there is extensive research on the brain regions that are involved in mentalizing about other peoples’ behaviour, surprisingly little is known of...
Dog attachment and perceived social support in overweight/obese and healthy weight children
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Deborah E. Linder, Jennifer M. Sacheck, Farzad Noubary, Miriam E. Nelson, Lisa M. Freeman
The development of effective and sustainable interventions to treat childhood obesity remains both a priority and a challenge. Previous studies support that dogs provide social support in overweight adults in obesity interventions, but the child-dog relationship is not as well understood. The...
Can you catch Ebola from a stork bite? Inductive reasoning influences generalization of perceived zoonosis risk
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tyler Davis, Micah B. Goldwater, Molly E. Ireland, Nicholas Gaylord, Jason Van Allen
Emerging zoonoses are a prominent global health threat. Human beliefs are central to drivers of emerging zoonoses, yet little is known about how people make inferences about risk in such scenarios. We present an inductive account of zoonosis risk perception, suggesting that beliefs about the...
Effects of Assisted Animal Therapy on the Development of Socio-emotional Abilities of Children with Autism
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): A.-N. Grigore, M. Bazgan
We focused in this research on the effects of animal-assisted therapy on improving the socio-emotional skills development of children with autism. To achieve the research were used: case study (main method), interview-based survey, document analysis, and observation method. The tools used are...
Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx
In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...
The existence of parenting styles in the owner-dog relationship
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ineke R. van Herwijnen, Joanne A. M. van der Borg, Marc Naguib, Bonne Beerda
Parents interact with children following specific styles, known to influence child development. These styles represent variations in the dimensions of demandingness and responsiveness, resulting in authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or uninvolved parenting. Given the similarities in the...
Working Smarter Not Harder: Oxytocin Increases Domestic Dogs' (Canis familiaris) Accuracy, but Not Attempts, on an Object Choice Task
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Oliva, J. L., Mengoli, M., Mendonca, T., Cozzi, A., Pageat, P., Chabaud, C., Teruel, E., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Bienboire-Frosini, C.