Owners' direct gazes increase dogs' attention-getting behaviors
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ohkita, M., Nagasawa, M., Kazutaka, M., Kikusui, T.
This study examined whether dogs gain information about human's attention via their gazes and whether they change their attention-getting behaviors (i.e., whining and whimpering, looking at their owners' faces, pawing, and approaching their owners) in response to their owners' direct gazes. The...
Paleopathology: health and welfare of animals in the pastPaleopathologie: gezondheid en welzijn van dieren in het verleden
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Groot, M.
This paper presents a short introduction to the field of palaeopathology, which can be studied from either a historical veterinary perspective or a zooarchaeological perspective. Zooarchaeologists are concerned with studying past human behaviour through animal remains found in archaeological...
A preliminary study of the effects of individual response to challenge tests and stress induced by humans on learning performance of weaned piglets (Sus scrofa)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Schmitt, O., Devillers, N.
This study investigated whether individual behavioural characteristics of piglets and stress induced by experience with humans can influence learning performance. After weaning, piglets received a chronic experience with humans to modulate their emotional state: rough (ROU), gentle (GEN), or...
Measuring dog-owner relationships: crossing boundaries between animal behaviour and human psychology
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.
Previous research suggests that dogs (Canis familiaris) form attachment bonds to their owners and that the strengths of the attachment can vary. However, it does not seem reasonable to believe that all dogs share the same attachment style, considering their differences in genetic background,...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.
The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to...
The Coleman Dog Attitude Scale (C-DAS): development, refinement, validation, and reliability
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Coleman, J. A., Green, B., Garthe, R. C., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Barker, S. B., Ingram, K. M.
Human-animal interactions have been studied for many years. As the human-animal interaction field continues to grow, the need for measures that adequately assess fundamental human-animal domains (e.g., relationships, interactions, attachments, bonds) also increases. Specifically, attitudes...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.
The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...
Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.
Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...
The impact of therapeutic riding for people with disabilities on variables related to mental health
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Schneider, M. S., Harley, L. P.
Substantial anecdotal evidence and some research indicate that therapeutic riding for people with disabilities has a positive impact on mental health. There is similar evidence showing that equine programs that include a psychotherapeutic component also have a positive impact. However, much of...
A survey of veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sugita, H., Irimajiri, M.
This study investigated veterinarians' attitudes toward euthanasia of companion animals in Japan. A nationwide survey was conducted with 932 veterinarians in small animal practices. It examined the number of times they administered euthanasia, their moral criteria for choosing euthanasia for...
Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ruckert, J. H.
This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...
Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.
The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
Judging a dog by its cover: morphology but not training influences visitor behavior toward kenneled dogs at animal shelters
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Protopopova, A., Wynne, C. D. L.
Currently, visitor behavior in companion animal shelters is not adequately explored. A sequence of experiments investigated how visitors interacted with kenneled dogs at an animal shelter and whether training dogs to not engage in undesirable behavior in their kennels would evoke more interest...
Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.
Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand...
The emotional lives of companion animals: attachment and subjective claims by owners of cats and dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Martens, P., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Walker, J. K.
There is a growing body of scientific evidence supporting the existence of emotions in nonhuman animals. Companion-animal owners show a strong connection and attachment to their animals and readily assign emotions to them. In this paper we present information on how the attachment level of...
Characterizing the data in online companion-dog obituaries to assess their usefulness as a source of information about human-animal bonds
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): MacKay, J. R. D., Moore, J., Huntingford, F.
Online pet obituary sites host hundreds of obituaries regarding the passing of companion animals. Often composed by the owner or primary caretaker of the animal, they are a potential source of data about human-animal bonds where there were strong positive human emotions surrounding the animal at...
Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.
This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...