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  1. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Campylobacter spp. Prevalence and Concentration in Household Pets and Petting Zoo Animals for Use in Exposure Assessments

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katarina D. M. Pintar, Tanya Christidis, M. Kate Thomas, Maureen Anderson, Andrea Nesbitt, Jessica Keithlin, Barbara Marshall, Frank Pollari

    Animal contact is a potential transmission route for campylobacteriosis, and both domestic household pet and petting zoo exposures have been identified as potential sources of exposure. Research has typically focussed on the prevalence, concentration, and transmission of zoonoses from farm...

  2. Assessment of Myocardial Perfusion at Rest and During Stress Using Dynamic First-Pass Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Healthy Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Henning Richter, Patrick R. Kircher, Fabiola B. Joerger, Erika Bruellmann, Matthias Dennler

    Objective: To assess the feasibility of myocardial perfusion analysis in healthy dogs using dynamic contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (DCE-MR) imaging at rest and during simulated stress with two doses of adenosine. Animals: Ten healthy beagle...

  3. Clinical Findings in Dogs Trained for Awake-MRI

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gregory S. Berns, Mark Spivak, Sarah Nemanic, Nicole Northrup

    Training dogs for awake-MRI began in 2012 for the study of canine cognition. Although originally envisioned as a research technique to understand the neural mechanisms of canine cognitive function, its potential as a new diagnostic clinical tool has become apparent. A high-quality structural...

  4. Evaluation of the Prevalence and Risk Factors for Undernutrition in Hospitalized Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jenifer Molina, Marta Hervera, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Carlos Torrente, Cecilia Villaverde

    Hospitalized dogs are predisposed to undernutrition, which can potentially affect outcome. This study evaluated the prevalence of undernutrition in hospitalized dogs (measured as loss of body condition score, BCS and body weight, BW) and studied the risk factors that affect nutritional status,...

  5. Working Dogs Drinking a Nutrient-Enriched Water Maintain Cooler Body Temperature and Improved Pulse Rate Recovery After Exercise

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Brian M. Zanghi, Patrick J. Robbins, Meghan T. Ramos, Cynthia M. Otto

    Exercise-related physiological changes were evaluated in hydrated, exercise-conditioned working dogs with free access to tap water (TW) with or without a nutrient-enriched water supplement (NW). Physiological samples and measures were collected before and after work-related field tasks in a...

  6. Towards a Decommodified Wildlife Tourism: Why Market Environmentalism Is Not Enough for Conservation

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Teo Xin Yi, Belicia

  7. “Calm . . . Satisfied . . . Comforting”: The Experience and Meaning of Rabbit-Assisted Activities for Older Adults

    Journal Articles

  8. Demographic Change Across the Lifespan of Pet Dogs and Their Impact on Health Status

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lisa J. Wallis, Dóra Szabó, Boglárka Erdélyi-Belle, Enikö Kubinyi

    Although dogs' life expectancies are six to twelve times shorter than that of humans, the demographics (e. g., living conditions) of dogs can still change considerably with aging, similarly to humans. Despite the fact that the dog is a particularly good model for human healthspan, and the...

  9. A One Health Evaluation of the University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic Resistance

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anaïs Léger, Katharina D.C. Stärk, Jonathan Rushton, Liza R. Nielsen

    We applied the evaluation framework developed by the EU COST Action “Network of Evaluation of One Health” (NEOH) to assess the operations, supporting infrastructures and outcomes of a research consortium “University of Copenhagen Research Centre for Control of Antibiotic...

  10. Birds and Dogs: Toward a Comparative Perspective on Odor Use and Detection

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Paola A. Prada, Kenneth G. Furton

    While canines are generally considered the gold standard for olfactory detection in many situations other animals provide alternatives and offer a unique opportunity to compare biological detection capabilities. Critical components in successfully studying biological detectors is not only...

  11. Editorial: Veterinary Bacterial Zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jiabo Ding, Menachem Banai, Shenqing Yu, Xin Ting

  12. Consumer Attitude Toward the Environmental Sustainability of Grain-Free Pet Foods

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Danielle M. P. Conway, Korinn E. Saker

    This study investigated consumer knowledge and attitude toward environmental sustainability, grain-free diets (GFDs), and the influence of on-site environmental sustainability education on pet owner diet choices. A two-part questionnaire was designed, bracketing an educational brochure on...

  13. Social Learning in Horses—Fact or Fiction?

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maria V. Rørvang, Janne W. Christensen, Jan Ladewig, Andrew McLean

    Prima facie, the acquisition of novel behaviors in animals through observation of conspecifics seems straightforward. There are, however, various mechanisms through which the behavior of animals can be altered from observing others. These mechanisms range from simple hard-wired contagious...

  14. High Mobility Group Box-1 and Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Are Increased in Dogs After Trauma but Do Not Predict Survival

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Robert Goggs, Jo-Annie Letendre

    Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains challenging to predict the prognosis of dogs with traumatic injuries. This study aimed to quantify plasma high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) and cytokine concentrations in dogs with moderate-to-severe...

  15. Concentrations of Plasma Nucleosomes but Not Cell-Free DNA Are Prognostic in Dogs Following Trauma

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jo-Annie Letendre, Robert Goggs

    Trauma is common in dogs and causes significant morbidity and mortality, but it remains a challenge to assess prognosis in these patients. This study aimed to investigate the use of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and nucleosome concentrations as prognostic biomarkers in canine trauma. Using a...

  16. Effects of Edible Treats Containing Ascophyllum nodosum on the Oral Health of Dogs: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Single-Center Study

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jerzy Gawor, Michał Jank, Katarzyna Jodkowska, Emilia Klim, Ulla K. Svensson

    The objective of this placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study (designed according to evidence based medicine standards) was to determine the effect of 90-day administration of edible treats containing the brown algae, Ascophyllum nodosum, on plaque and dental calculus...

  17. Zoonotic Diseases and Phytochemical Medicines for Microbial Infections in Veterinary Science: Current State and Future Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bora Shin, Woojun Park

    Diseases caused by bacterial infections in small-scale and industrial livestock are becoming serious global health concern in veterinary science. Zoonotic bacteria, including Staphylococcus, Campylobacter, and Bartonella species, that infect animals and humans cause various...

  18. Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Clinical Efficacy of Cannabidiol Treatment in Osteoarthritic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lauri-Jo Gamble, Jordyn M Boesch, Christopher W Frye, Wayne S Schwark, Sabine Mann, Lisa Wolfe, Holly Brown, Erin S Berthelsen, Joseph J Wakshlag

    Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine basic oral pharmacokinetics, and assess safety and analgesic efficacy of a cannabidiol (CBD) based oil in dogs with osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Single-dose pharmacokinetics was performed using two different doses of CBD...

  19. Application of the NEOH Framework for Self-Evaluation of One Health Elements of a Case-Study on Obesity in European Dogs and Dog-Owners

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alberto Munoz-Prieto, Liza R. Nielsen, SIlvia Martinez-Subiela, Jovita Mazeikiene, Pia Lopez-Jornet, Sara Savic, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    Obesity is a malnutrition disorder of global concern with increasing prevalence driven by underlying societal, economic and environmental mechanisms leading to changed physical activity patterns, eating behaviors and diet compositions in both humans and in their pet-dogs. A questionnaire-based...

  20. Identifying and Resolving End of Session Cues in Substance Detection Canine Training

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jan Topoleski, Craig A. Schlutz, Wynn G. Warren

    When training and working a substance detection canine, a trained final response should be performed immediately upon recognition of odor (Generally, a 1–3 s window is preferred within our detection practices). Typical canine training places much emphasis on planning and setting up...