Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners
Contributor(s): Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner
Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...
Human–Animal Interaction and Older Adults: An Overview
Contributor(s): Nancy R. Gee, Megan K. Mueller, Angela L. Curl
Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human–animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is...
From the Editor – Welcome to the first issue of Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin!
Contributor(s): Lori Kogan
Human Animal Interaction: Research & Practice Section of Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association is proud to announce this exciting new venue for the scientific study of human-animal interactions. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin...
Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants
Contributor(s): Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo
Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
Contributor(s): Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
Contributor(s): Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
Contributor(s): Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity
Contributor(s): Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley
Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...
Canine Detection of the Volatilome: A Review of Implications for Pathogen and Disease Detection
Contributor(s): Craig Angle, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Arny Ferrando, Pamela Haney, Thomas Passler
The volatilome is the entire set of volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism. The accumulation of VOC inside and outside of the body reflects the unique metabolic state of an organism. Scientists are developing technologies to non-invasively detect VOC for the purposes of medical...
Assistance Dogs: Historic Patterns and Roles of Dogs Placed by ADI or IGDF Accredited Facilities and by Non-Accredited U.S. Facilities
Contributor(s): Sandra Walther, Mariko Yamamoto, Abigail Paige Thigpen, Anaissa Garcia, Neil H. Willits, Lynette A. Hart
Dogs’ roles to support people with disabilities are increasing. Existing U.S. laws and regulations pertaining to the use of dogs for people with disabilities are only minimally enforced. Pushback legislation against some aspects of uses of assistance dogs currently is being passed or...
Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain
Contributor(s): J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93...
Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
Contributor(s): Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
Comparing the Effect of Animal-Rearing Education in Japan with Conventional Animal-Assisted Education
Contributor(s): Yuka Nakajima
An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also...
Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations
Contributor(s): Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis
The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray...
Aging and Veterinary Care of Cats, Dogs, and Horses through the Records of Three University Veterinary Hospitals
Contributor(s): Bruno Cozzi, Cristina Ballarin, Roberto Mantovani, Ada Rota
The present article examines over 63,000 medical records belonging to the Veterinary Hospitals of the Universities of Bologna, Torino, and Padova, all in Northern Italy, and relative to dogs (approximately 50,000), cats (approximately 12,000), and companion horses (slightly less than 1,000). The...
Real-Time Detection of a Virus Using Detection Dogs
Contributor(s): T. Craig Angle, Thomas Passler, Paul L. Waggoner, Terrence D. Fischer, Bart Rogers, Patricia K. Galik, Herris S. Maxwell
Viral infections are ubiquitous in humans, animals, and plants. Real-time methods to identify viral infections are limited and do not exist for use in harsh or resource-constrained environments. Previous research identified that tissues produce unique volatile organic compounds (VOC) and...
The Role of Dog Population Management in Rabies Elimination—A Review of Current Approaches and Future Opportunities
Contributor(s): Louise H. Taylor, Ryan M. Wallace, Deepashree Balaram, Joann M. Lindenmayer, Douglas C. Eckery, Beryl Mutonono-Watkiss, Ellie Parravani, Louis H. Nel
Free-roaming dogs and rabies transmission are integrally linked across many low-income countries, and large unmanaged dog populations can be daunting to rabies control program planners. Dog population management (DPM) is a multifaceted concept that aims to improve the health and well-being of...
Tuberculosis and One Health – What is in a Name?
Contributor(s): Susanna Sternberg Lewerin
Most control programs for bovine tuberculosis include reporting to both veterinary and public health authorities, and measures to prevent transmission from animals to humans. On the other hand, reporting of human cases to veterinary authorities is rare, unless an animal source is suspected....
Evaluation of Three Hydration Strategies in Detection Dogs Working in a Hot Environment
Contributor(s): Cynthia M. Otto, Elizabeth Hare, Jess L. Nord, Shannon M. Palermo, Kathleen M. Kelsey, Tracy A. Darling, Kasey Schmidt, Destiny Coleman
Physical activity in hot environments can increase the risk of heat stress or heat stroke in dogs. Heat tolerance is influenced by acclimatization to the environment, physical fitness, and hydration state. Three common strategies to promote hydration in working dogs are free access to water (W),...
Feeders of Free-Roaming Cats: Personal Characteristics, Feeding Practices, and Data on Cat Health and Welfare in an Urban Setting of Israel
Contributor(s): Idit Gunther, Tal Raz, Yehonatan Even Zor, Yuval Bachowski, Eyal Klement
Cat feeders serve as an important source of available food for free-roaming cats (FRCs) and can play a central role in providing data on FRC distribution, welfare, and health. Data on cat feeder personalities as well as a better understanding of their feeding practices offer relevance for...