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  1. Major medical causes by breed and life stage for dogs presented at veterinary clinics in the Republic of Korea: a survey of electronic medical records

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Eunju Kim, Changyong Choe, Jae Guy Yoo, Sang-Ik Oh, Younghun Jung, Ara Cho, Suhee Kim, Yoon Jung Do

    Background Age and breed are considered the greatest risk factors for disease prevalence and mortality in companion dogs. Understanding the prevalence of diseases, in relation to age and breed, would support appropriate guidance for future health care strategies and provide useful information...

  2. Animal influence on water, sanitation and hygiene measures for zoonosis control at the household level: A systematic literature review

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Francisco Matilla, Yael Velleman, Wendy Harrison, Mandy Nevel

    Introduction Neglected zoonotic diseases (NZDs) have a significant impact on the livelihoods of the world’s poorest populations, which often lack access to basic services. Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes are included among the key strategies for achieving the World Health...

  3. Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello

    Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...

  4. Perception of Cats: Assessing the Differences Between Videos and Still Pictures on Adoptability and Associated Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Regina Schoenfeld-Tacher, Lori R. Kogan, Patrick C. Carney

    While animal shelters have made significant progress in reducing the number of euthanized dogs and cats, millions of unclaimed pets are still euthanized every year. Cats, in particular, face bleak prospects, with ~70% of those that enter animal shelters euthanized. Many factors influence...

  5. Establishing a framework to understand the regulation and control of dogs in urban environments: a case study of Melbourne, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Simon Bruce Carter

    Background This study examines the effectiveness of animal management from a critical theory perspective, establishing a framework to describe the animal management activities of local government. In creating sustainable cities, local government must critically engage with the management of...

  6. An Owner-Independent Investigation of Diabetes Alert Dog Performance

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Clara Wilson, Steve Morant, Sarah Kane, Claire Pesterfield, Claire Guest, Nicola J. Rooney

    Objective: To quantify Diabetes Alert Dog (DAD) performance by using owner-independent measures. Research Design and Methods: Eight owners of accredited DADs used a FreeStyle Libre Flash Glucose Monitoring System (FGMS). Concurrent Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) footage was...

  7. Francis Wolff's Flawed Philosophical Defense of Bullfighting

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gabriel Andrade

    As a result of Catalonia’s ban of bullfighting in 2011, in Spain there has been a renowned interest in the ethical debate about bullfighting. Most defenders of bullfighting are Spaniards, but the most systematic is French philosopher Francis Wolff. In this article, I review Wolff’s...

  8. Establishing a One Health office in Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Murithi Mbabu, Ian Njeru, Sarah File, Eric Osoro, Stella Kiambi, Austine Bitek, Peter Ithondeka, Salome Kairu-Wanyoike, Shanaaz Sharif, Eric Gogstad, Francis Gakuya, Kaitlin Sandhaus, Peninah Munyua, Joel Montgomery, Robert Breiman, Carol Rubin, Kariuki Njenga

    A  One  Health  (OH)  approach  that  integrates human,animal  and  environmental  approaches  to  management  of  zoonotic  diseases  has  gained momentum in the last decadeas part of a strategy to prevent and...

  9. Transmission dynamics of pandemic influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in humans and swine in backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yeny O. Tinoco, Joel M. Montgomery, Mathew R. Kasper, Martha I. Nelson, Hugo Razuri, Maria C. Guezala, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, Marc-Alain Widdowson, John Barnes, Robert H. Gilman, Daniel G Bausch, Armando E. Gonzalez

    Objectives We aimed to determine the frequency of pH1N1 transmission between humans and swine on backyard farms in Tumbes, Peru. Design Two‐year serial cross‐sectional study comprising four sampling periods: March 2009 (pre‐pandemic), October 2009 (peak of the pandemic in Peru), April...

  10. Autonomy, Slavery, and Companion Animals

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Heather Kendrick

    I attempt to resolve the question of whether keeping animals as pets is akin to slavery by considering the significance of liberty to human beings and to nonhuman animals. I distinguish between two senses of liberty: preference liberty and autonomous liberty. Preference liberty is the freedom...

  11. Heganism

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Thomas E. Randall

    An emblematic association exists between meat consumption and the gender identity hegemonic masculinity. This association is so strong that men who pursue meatless diets (especially vegans) are likely to be socially ostracized. Heganism is a diet/gender identity that aims to...

  12. Why Do We Care?: A Natural History of Noddings' Ethical Theory

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Walter Jason Niedermeyer

    Noddings’ theory of caring, which is nearing its 35th anniversary, has failed to garner the attention of the more classical theories of ethics. This slight may be due to its relative youth, or the historical support for other constructs, but if examined through the lens of...

  13. Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories

    Full-text: Available

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): William B. Karesh, Andy Dobson, James O. Lloyd-Smith, Juan Lubroth, Matthew A. Dixon, Malcolm Bennett, Stephen Aldrich, Todd Harrington, Pierre Formenty, Elizabeth H. Loh, Catherine C. Machalaba, Mathew Jason Thomas, David L. Heymann

    More than 60% of human infectious diseases are caused by pathogens shared with wild or domestic animals. Zoonotic disease organisms include those that are endemic in human populations or enzootic in animal populations with frequent cross-species transmission to people. Some of these diseases...

  14. Triads in Equine-Assisted Social Work Enhance Therapeutic Relationships with Self-Harming Adolescents

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Catharina Carlsson

    Despite an increasing number of studies, there is still a lack of knowledge about the unique features that underlie the process in equine assisted social work (EASW). This study aimed to reveal, through qualitative methods, the dyads within the triad that become stronger during the process of...

  15. Parent perceptions of the quality of life of pet dogs living with neuro-typically developing and neuro-atypically developing children: An exploratory study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sophie S Hall, Hannah F Wright, Daniel S Mills

    There is growing scientific and societal recognition of the role that pet dogs can play in healthy development of children; both those who are neuro-typically developing and those who live with a neuro-developmental disorder, such as autism or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. However,...

  16. Social Interaction with an "Unidentified Moving Object" Elicits A-Not-B Error in Domestic Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anna Gergely, Anna B Compton, Ruth C Newberry, Adam Miklosi

    Mechanical “unidentified moving objects” (UMO’s) are useful for controlled investigations into features of social interaction that generate cooperativeness and positive social affiliation in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). We hypothesized that, if a UMO interacted socially...

  17. Relationship between sociability toward humans and physiological stress in dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yoon-Joo Shin, Nam-Shik Shin

    Sociability is an essential trait for dogs to successfully interact with humans. In this study, the relationship between sociability and physiological stress was examined. Additionally, whether differences exist between companion dogs (C group) and shelter dogs (S group) was examined. Overall,...

  18. The companion dog as a model for human aging and mortality

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): jessica m hoffman, Kate E. Creevy, Alexander Franks, Dan G O'Neill, Daniel E. L. Promislow

    Around the world, human populations have experienced large increases in average lifespan over the last 150 years, and while individuals are living longer, they are spending more years of life with multiple chronic morbidities. Researchers have used numerous laboratory animal models to...

  19. Do Lambs Perceive Regular Human Stroking as Pleasant? Behavior and Heart Rate Variability Analyses

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Marjorie Coulon, Raymond Nowak, Julie Peyrat, Herve Chandeze, Alain Boissy, Xavier Boivin

    Stroking by humans is beneficial to the human-animal relationship and improves welfare in many species that express intraspecific allogrooming, but very few studies have looked at species like sheep that do not express such contact except around parturition. This study investigated the way lambs...

  20. Online videos indicate human and dog behaviour preceding dog bites and the context in which bites occur

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sara C. Owczarczak-Garstecka, Francine Watkins, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    YouTube videos of dog bites present an unexplored opportunity to observe dog bites directly. We recorded the context of bites, bite severity, victim and dog characteristics for 143 videos and for 56 videos we coded human and dog behaviour before the bite. Perceived bite severity was derived...