A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood
Contributor(s): Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....
Search Methods Used to Locate Missing Cats and Locations Where Missing Cats Are Found
Contributor(s): Liyan Huang, Marcia Coradini, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Kat Albrecht, Brigid Wasson
A least 15% of cat owners lose their pet in a five-year period and some are never found. This paper reports on data gathered from an online questionnaire that asked questions regarding search methods used to locate missing cats and locations where missing cats were found. The most important...
Attitudes of Veterinary Teaching Staff and Exposure of Veterinary Students to Early-Age Desexing, with Review of Current Early-Age Desexing Literature
Contributor(s): Alannah Jupe, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Sophie Fleming
Approximately 50% of cats admitted to Australian shelters are kittens, and 26% of dogs are puppies, and, particularly for cats, euthanasia rates are often high. Cats can be pregnant by 4 months of age, yet the traditional desexing age is 5–6 months, and studies in Australasia and Nth...
Equine-Facilitated Therapy and Trauma: Current Knowledge, Future Needs
Contributor(s): Marlys Staudt, Donna Cherry
Equine-facilitated therapy (EFT) is a relatively new treatment for trauma and PTSD. EFT as well as animal assisted interventions in general have been introduced and implemented in mental health treatment for children and adults, though the research in support of these interventions has not kept...
Evaluation of the Dogs, Physical Activity, and Walking (Dogs PAW) Intervention: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Contributor(s): Elizabeth Richards, N. Ogata, C. Cheng
Background. To facilitate physical activity (PA) adoption and maintenance, promotion of innovative population-level strategies that focus on incorporating moderate intensity, lifestyle PA are needed. Objectives. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the Dogs, Physical...
It's Raining Cats and Dogs in Children's Books
Contributor(s): Janet Alsup
Animals appearing in children’s books are nothing new. From The Cat in the Hat and The Velveteen Rabbit, to The Very Hungry Caterpillar and Olivia the Pig, animals are a recurrent presence in popular picture books. There are also many memorable animal figures in novels popular with teens,...
ANIMAL-ASSISTED ACTIVITIES: Effects of Animals on Positive Emotional Display in Children in Inclusion Classrooms
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Gayatri Mazgaonkar
Animals are commonly present in classrooms and may be an important tool in enhancing children’s experiences, especially in inclusion classrooms that provide integrative learning for both typically developing children and children with special needs. The purpose of this study was to...
Setting the farm animal welfare scene in North America; Estabelcendo o Cenário de Bem-Estar Animal NA América fo Norte
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Anna K. Johnson
The main areas of interest that this paper will address are to, set the scene on what animal welfare is, the schools that one can subscribe and how this could influence the direction that farm animal welfare could go. Second, to provide an overview on some of the critical farm animal welfare...
Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats
Contributor(s): Whitney Blankenberger
Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...
Canine Dominance Aggression Towards People
Contributor(s): Cathy Taphorn, Donald D. Draper
A common and potentially serious behavioral problem confronting pet owners and the sn1all animal practitioner is aggression. Of the several types of aggression, dominance aggression is the most common. Over one million people a year are bitten by dogs in the United States alone.
Model-Based Reverse Translation Between Veterinary and Human Medicine: The One Health Initiative
Contributor(s): Benjamin Schneider, Violeta Balbas-Martinez, Albert E. Jergens, Inaki F. Troconiz
There is growing concern about the limitations of rodent models with regard to recapitulation of human disease pathogenesis. Computational modeling of data from humans and animals sharing similar diseases provides an opportunity for parallel drug development in human and veterinary medicine....
Making Your Practice and Facility More User-Friendly For Those With Disabilities
Contributor(s): Rebecca Clow, Loren WIll
As veterinarians, our duties extend beyond practicing medicine. We must realize that the veterinary profession requires excellent client communication and we must alter our way of practice to meet client needs. We must do more than compromise, empathize, and explain terms on a client's...
Geriatric Program for the Small Animal Clinic
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Molly Flaherty, Karen Campbell
Geriatric medicine is becoming increasingly important in small animal practice. Although this area of practice is a relatively new focus, the benefits of such programs are becoming apparent to the veterinarian and clients. Pets are living longer and geriatric pets occupy a significant portion of...
Future of Veterinary Medicine Explored at Student-Planned Conference
Contributor(s): Mark Troxel, Jennifer Duster, Angela Daniels, Scanlon Daniels
"The future is about hard work, new leadership, and organizational models that need to change. It's about changing our scope and our influences while concurrently functioning and changing in a world where our future is in a fast-forward mode."
IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK ANIMAL DISEASE OUTBREAKS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE: A STUDY FOCUSING ON THE CURRENT FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE AND MAD COW DISEASE CRISES
Contributor(s): Carolyn A Schwarz
Ten years elapsed from the time the first case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly referred to as "mad cow disease,"' was discovered in Great Britain, until researchers confirmed that BSE was responsible for many human deaths
Marketing Animal-Friendly Products: Addressing the Consumer Social Dilemma with Reinforcement Positioning Strategies
Contributor(s): Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Hans C.M. van Trijp, Gerrita van deer Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce...
A Moveable Beast: Subjective Influence of Human-Animal Relationships on Risk Perception, and Risk Behaviour during Bushfire Threat
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Joshua L. Trigg, Kirrilly Thomspon, Bradley Smith, Pauleen Bennett
This article examines how human-animal connections influence risk perception and behaviour in companion animal guardians exposed to bushfire threat in Australia. Although the objective role of psychological bonds with companion animals is well accepted by researchers, subjective interpretations...
To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice
Contributor(s): Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl
It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...
An Exploration of Industry Expert Perception of Equine Welfare Using Vignettes
Contributor(s): Cordelie DuBois, Helen Hambly-Odame, Derek B. Haley, Katrina Merkies
As part of a larger Delphi survey project, equine professionals (n = 14) were presented with twelve short scenarios in which a horse’s welfare could be compromised. They were asked to rank each scenario (with 0 indicating no welfare concerns and 5 indicating a situation where...
Open Knowledge about Slaughter on the Internet—A Case Study on Controversies
Contributor(s): Anne Algers, Charlotte Berg
Animal products are consumed by a large majority of the global population, yet public knowledge about animal handling and welfare during the slaughter process is limited. An open educational resource about slaughter, called “Animal welfare at slaughter and killing” has been openly...