Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
Contributor(s): Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe
Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...
Influence of Maternal Care on Behavioural Development of Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Living in a Home Environment
Contributor(s): Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjo, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies...
Using Free Adoptions to Reduce Crowding and Euthanasia at Cat Shelters: An Australian Case Study
Contributor(s): Heather M. Crawford, Joseph B. Fontaine, Michael C. Calver
Many healthy adult cats are euthanised annually in shelters, and novel approaches are required to reduce euthanasia rates. Waiving adoption fees is one such approach. However, concerns that less responsible owners will be attracted to free events persist among welfare groups. We evaluated...
Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices
Contributor(s): Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel
The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...
The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View
Contributor(s): Marthe Kiley-Worthington
Mammals’ mental homologies include that they look after their young, suckle and protect them; they acquire information about the world by learning. They have five types of sensory receptors and a brain to analyze the information and they feel: that is they are sentient. Mental homologies...
Addressing the Challenges of Conducting Observational Studies in Sheep Abattoirs
Contributor(s): Elyssa Payne, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
The competing needs of maintaining productivity within abattoirs, and maintaining high standards of animal welfare, provide fertile grounds for applied research in animal behavior. However, there are challenges involved in capturing useful behavioral data from the supply chain (from paddock to...
Influence of Professional Affiliation on Expert's View on Welfare Measures
Contributor(s): NIna Dam Otten, Tine Rousing, Bjorn Forkam
The present study seeks to investigate the influence of expert affiliation in the weighing procedures within animal welfare assessments. Experts are often gathered with different backgrounds with differing approaches to animal welfare posing a potential pitfall if affiliation groups are not...
Perceptions of Hunting and Hunters by U.S. Respondents
Contributor(s): Elizabeth Byrd, John G. Lee, NIcole J. Olynk Widmar
Public acceptance of hunting and hunting practices is an important human dimension of wildlife management in the United States. Researchers surveyed 825 U.S. residents in an online questionnaire about their views of hunting, hunters, and hunting practices. Eighty-seven percent of respondents...
An Examination of an Iconic Trap-Neuter-Return Program: The Newburyport, Massachusetts Case Study
Contributor(s): David D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
Local communities in the United States are commonly responsible for selecting the most appropriate method of managing free-roaming cats. Lethal management has been widely utilized for generations, but the use of trap–neuter–return (TNR) has grown in recent decades. Despite expanded...
Environmental Impact and Relative Invasiveness of Free-Roaming Domestic Carnivores—a North American Survey of Governmental Agencies
Contributor(s): Ana Lepe, Valerie Kaplan, Alirio Arreaza, Robert Szpanderfer, David Bristol, M. Scott Sinclair
A survey of the United States and Canadian governmental agencies investigated the environmental impact and relative invasiveness of free-roaming domestic non-native carnivores—dogs, cats, and ferrets. Agencies represented wildlife, fish, game, natural or environmental resources, parks and...
Supporting the Development and Adoption of Automatic Lameness Detection Systems in Dairy Cattle: Effect of System Cost and Performance on Potential Market Shares
Contributor(s): Tim Van De Gutcht, Stephanie Van Weyenberg, Annelies Van Nuffel, Ludwig Lauwers, Jurgen Vangeyte, Wouter Saeys
Most automatic lameness detection system prototypes have not yet been commercialized, and are hence not yet adopted in practice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to simulate the effect of detection performance (percentage missed lame cows and percentage false alarms) and system cost on...
Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration
Contributor(s): Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence
Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...
Brazilian Citizens' Opinions and Attitudes about Farm Animal Production Systems
Contributor(s): Maria C. Yunes, Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk, Maria J. Hotzel
The inclusion of societal input is needed for food animal production industries to retain their “social license to operate”. Little is known about the knowledge and attitudes of Brazilian citizens regarding food animal production systems. The aim of this study was to explore the...
VetCompass Australia: A National Big Data Collection System for Veterinary Science
Contributor(s): Paul McGreevy, Peter Thomson, Navneet K. Dhand, David Raubenheimer, Sophie Masters, Caroline S. Mansfield, Timothy Baldwin, Ricardo J. Soares Magalhaes, Jacquie Rand, Peter Hill, Anne Peaston, James Gilkerson, Martin Combs, Shane Raidal, Peter Irwin, Peter Irons, Richard Squires, David Brodbelt, Jeremy Hammond
VetCompass Australia is veterinary medical records-based research coordinated with the global VetCompass endeavor to maximize its quality and effectiveness for Australian companion animals (cats, dogs, and horses). Bringing together all seven Australian veterinary schools, it is the first...
The Road to Hell Is Paved with Good Intentions: Why Harm–Benefit Analysis and Its Emphasis on Practical Benefit Jeopardizes the Credibility of Research
Contributor(s): Herwig Grimm, Matthias Eggel, Anna Deplazes-Zemp, Nikola Biller-Andorno
It is our concern that European Union Directive 2010/63/EU with its current project evaluation of animal research in the form of a harm–benefit analysis may lead to an erosion of the credibility of research. The HBA assesses whether the inflicted harm on animals is outweighed by potential...
Tech-Savvy Beef Cattle? How Heifers Respond to Moving Virtual Fence Lines
Contributor(s): Dana L. M. Campbell, Jim M. Lea, William J. Farrer, Sally J. Haynes, Caroline Lee
Global Positioning System (GPS)-based virtual fences offer the potential to improve the management of grazing animals. Prototype collar devices utilising patented virtual fencing algorithms were placed on six Angus heifers in a 6.15 hectare paddock. After a “no fence” period,...
Penile Injuries in Immunocastrated and Entire Male Pigs of One Fattening Farm
Contributor(s): Simon Reiter, Susanne Zols, Mathias Ritzmann, Volker Stefanski, Ulrike Weiler
Penile injuries in boars have been discussed as a relevant welfare problem in pork production with entire males (EM). The incidence of penile injuries with immunocastrated boars has not been described so far. Thus, it was the aim of this study to systematically compare frequency and severity of...
Survey of Veterinarians Using a Novel Physical Compression Squeeze Procedure in the Management of Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome in Foals
Contributor(s): Monica Aleman, Kalie M. Weich, John E. Madigan
Horses are a precocious species that must accomplish several milestones that are critical to survival in the immediate post-birth period for their survival. One essential milestone is the successful transition from the intrauterine unconsciousness to an extrauterine state of consciousness or...
The Use of a Virtual Online Debating Platform to Facilitate Student Discussion of Potentially Polarising Topics
Contributor(s): Paul D. McGreevy, Vicky Tzioumis, Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Robert Brown, Mike Sands, Melissa J. Starling, Clive J.C. Phillips
The merits of students exchanging views through the so-called human continuum exercise (HCE) are well established. The current article describes the creation of the virtual human continuum (VHC), an online platform that facilitates the same teaching exercise. It also reports feedback on the VHC...