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  1. The influence of length of time in a rescue shelter on the behaviour of kennelled dogs

    Contributor(s): Wells, D. L., Graham, L., Hepper, P. G.

    Animal rescue shelters provide temporary housing for thousands of stray and abandoned dogs every year. Many of these animals fail to find new homes and are forced to spend long periods of time in kennels. This study examined the influence of the length of time spent in a rescue shelter (5 years)...

  2. Auditory stimulation as enrichment for zoo-housed Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus )

    Contributor(s): Wells, D. L., Irwin, R. M.

    This study explored the effect of auditory stimulation on the behaviour and welfare of four zoo-housed, female Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). All animals were exposed, in an ABA design, to two conditions of auditory stimulation: a 'control' (no auditory stimulation), and an 'experimental'...

  3. How animals communicate quality of life: the qualitative assessment of behaviour

    Contributor(s): Wemelsfelder, F.

    The notion 'quality of life' (QoL) suggests that welfare in animals encompasses more than just an absence of suffering; it concerns the quality of an animal's entire relationship with its environment, of how it lives its life. Judgements of such quality are based on the integration of perceived...

  4. Qualitative categories for the interpretation of sheep welfare: a review

    Contributor(s): Wemelsfelder, F., Farish, M.

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the relationship between qualitative categories of sheep welfare and associated quantitative behavioural observations. Most scientific studies rely on quantitative measures, however to interpret those measures in terms of an animal's experience of welfare, the...

  5. Short as well as long transport duration can affect the welfare of slaughter pigs

    Contributor(s): Werner, C., Reiners, K., Wicke, M.

    Attention to the welfare of animals during slaughter transport and lairage at the abattoir is important not only to consumers, but also to the meat production industry. Inadequate transport conditions can result in higher animal mortalities and meat quality problems after slaughter of such...

  6. The journey to animal welfare improvement

    Contributor(s): Whay, H. R.

    The process of driving improvement in animal welfare has three stages: (1) assessment of animal welfare, (2) identification of the risk factors potentially leading to a compromise in animal welfare, and (3) interventions, in response to the risk factors, to bring about improvement in animal...

  7. Preliminary assessment of finishing pig welfare using animal-based measurements

    Contributor(s): Whay, H. R., Leeb, C., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A preliminary investigation was undertaken to evaluate a series of animal-based welfare measures for the assessment of finishing pigs in units that were members of the RSPCA Freedom Food farm assurance scheme. A total of 20 finishing pig units were visited in the summer of 2002 and 14 of these...

  8. An animal-based welfare assessment of group-housed calves on UK dairy farms

    Contributor(s): Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A series of measures of calf welfare was developed through a process of expert consultation. A welfare assessment of group-housed calves was carried out on 53 UK dairy farms during the winter of 2000/01. The assessment used animal-based measures including direct observation of the calves and...

  9. Animal-based measures for the assessment of welfare state of dairy cattle, pigs and laying hens: consensus of expert opinion

    Contributor(s): Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J., Green, L. E., Webster, A. J. F.

    A Delphi technique was used to gather the opinions of animal welfare experts on the most appropriate measures for welfare assessment of farm animals. The experts were asked to consider measures that were directed towards the animal (animal-based), rather than measurement of their environment....

  10. The influence of losing or gaining access to peat on the dustbathing behaviour of laying hens

    Contributor(s): Wichman, A., Keeling, L. J.

    This study investigated the influence of being reared with or without access to peat as well as the effects of losing or gaining substrate access on the dustbathing behaviour of young, domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus). There were four treatments, based on the period of time chicks had...

  11. The early ontogeny of bar-gnawing in laboratory gerbils

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wiedenmayer, C.

  12. The emotional brain

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wiepkema, P. R., Koolhaas, J. M.

  13. Stress and animal welfare

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wiepkema, P. R., Koolhaas, J. M.

  14. The effect of a moving bait on the behaviour of captive cheetahs ( Acinonyx jubatus )

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Williams, B. G., Waran, N. K., Carruthers, J., Young, R. J.

  15. Stereotypic swaying and serum cortisol concentrations in three captive African elephants ( Loxodonta africana )

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wilson, M. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.

    The behaviour and serum cortisol concentrations of three captive female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) were studied to determine whether their stereotypic swaying was more prevalent before regularly scheduled events in the elephants' routine, and whether the elephants that exhibited more...

  16. An examination of some physiological variables for assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wilson, S. C., Fell, L. R., Colditz, I. G., Collins, D. P.

    Some physiological variables which could aid in assessing the welfare of beef cattle in feedlots were screened in this exploratory study. In two experiments, each of 42 days duration, the physiological responses of Bos taurus steers to three treatments were investigated: pasture (rotation between...

  17. Annual intake trends of a large urban animal rehabilitation centre in South Africa: a case study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T.

    Each year, worldwide, large numbers of wild animals are taken to rehabilitation centres for treatment, care and release. Although analysis of intake records may provide valuable insight into the threats and impacts to wildlife, there are few such published reports. Four years of intake records...

  18. A survey of wildlife rehabilitation in South Africa: is there a need for improved management?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wimberger, K., Downs, C. T., Boyes, R. S.

    The focus of wildlife rehabilitation is the survival of the individual animal, often leading to rehabilitators being in conflict with government wildlife officials, who regulate the industry and whose focus is on the security of entire wildlife communities. In South Africa, wildlife...

  19. Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on the Assessment of Animal Welfare at Farm and Group Level, Vienna, Austria, 22-24 September 2005

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Winckler, C., Baumgartner, J., Waiblinger, S.

  20. Long-term consistency of selected animal-related welfare parameters in dairy farms

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Winckler, C., Brinkmann, J., Glatz, J.

    It was the purpose of this study to assess the consistency of selected animal-based welfare parameters for dairy cattle throughout a one-year period. Eight cubicle-housed dairy herds were visited five times, at two-monthly intervals. At each visit, lameness, injuries to the carpal and tarsal...