IMPACT OF LIVESTOCK ANIMAL DISEASE OUTBREAKS ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE: A STUDY FOCUSING ON THE CURRENT FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE AND MAD COW DISEASE CRISES
Contributor(s): Carolyn A Schwarz
Ten years elapsed from the time the first case of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly referred to as "mad cow disease,"' was discovered in Great Britain, until researchers confirmed that BSE was responsible for many human deaths
Marketing Animal-Friendly Products: Addressing the Consumer Social Dilemma with Reinforcement Positioning Strategies
Contributor(s): Lenka van Riemsdijk, Paul T.M. Ingenbleek, Hans C.M. van Trijp, Gerrita van deer Veen
This article presents a conceptual framework that aims to encourage consumer animal-friendly product choice by introducing positioning strategies for animal-friendly products. These strategies reinforce the animal welfare with different types of consumption values and can therefore reduce...
A Moveable Beast: Subjective Influence of Human-Animal Relationships on Risk Perception, and Risk Behaviour during Bushfire Threat
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Joshua L. Trigg, Kirrilly Thomspon, Bradley Smith, Pauleen Bennett
This article examines how human-animal connections influence risk perception and behaviour in companion animal guardians exposed to bushfire threat in Australia. Although the objective role of psychological bonds with companion animals is well accepted by researchers, subjective interpretations...
To Group or Not to Group? Good Practice for Housing Male Laboratory Mice
Contributor(s): Sarah Kappel, Penny Hawkins, Michael T. Mendl
It is widely recommended to group-house male laboratory mice because they are ‘social animals’, but male mice do not naturally share territories and aggression can be a serious welfare problem. Even without aggression, not all animals within a group will be in a state of positive...
An Exploration of Industry Expert Perception of Equine Welfare Using Vignettes
Contributor(s): Cordelie DuBois, Helen Hambly-Odame, Derek B. Haley, Katrina Merkies
As part of a larger Delphi survey project, equine professionals (n = 14) were presented with twelve short scenarios in which a horse’s welfare could be compromised. They were asked to rank each scenario (with 0 indicating no welfare concerns and 5 indicating a situation where...
Open Knowledge about Slaughter on the Internet—A Case Study on Controversies
Contributor(s): Anne Algers, Charlotte Berg
Animal products are consumed by a large majority of the global population, yet public knowledge about animal handling and welfare during the slaughter process is limited. An open educational resource about slaughter, called “Animal welfare at slaughter and killing” has been openly...
Efficacy of Blunt Force Trauma, a Novel Mechanical Cervical Dislocation Device, and a Non-Penetrating Captive Bolt Device for On-Farm Euthanasia of Pre-Weaned Kits, Growers, and Adult Commercial Meat Rabbits
Contributor(s): Jessica L. Walsh, Aaron Percival, Patricia V. Turner
Developing effective and humane on-farm euthanasia methods is essential for all livestock industries to ensure that animals do not suffer and are killed humanely. Approved methods are lacking for commercial meat rabbits, potentially leading to poor welfare. We assessed several methods of on-farm...
Is a "Good Death" at the Time of Animal Slaughter an Essentially Contested Concept?
Contributor(s): Qurat ulAin, Terry L. Whiting
The question of how to kill animals for food has persisted unresolved in the Anglo-American and European social and political discourse for more than a century. Scientific informed narrative has been directed at “documenting” the experience of the slaughtered animal in the last few...
Assessment of Plumage and Integument Condition in Dual-Purpose Breeds and Conventional Layers
Contributor(s): Mona Franziska Giersberg, Birgit Spindler
The assessment of plumage and integument condition in laying hens provides useful information about the occurrence of feather pecking and cannibalism. Although feather loss and skin injuries can result from mechanical abrasion or clinical diseases, they are valid animal-based indicators for...
Should the Contribution of One Additional Lame Cow Depend on How Many Other Cows on the Farm Are Lame?
Contributor(s): Peter Sandoe, Bjorn Forkman, Franziska Hakansson, Sine Norlander Andreasen, Rikke Nohr, Matt Denwood, Thomas Boker Lund
Welfare Quality® proposes a system for aggregation according to which the total welfare score for a group of animals is a non-linear effect of the prevalence of welfare scores across the individuals within the group. Three assumptions serve to justify this: (1) experts do not follow a...
Selection of Meat Inspection Data for an Animal Welfare Index in Cattle and Pigs in Denmark
Contributor(s): Katie Osborn, Soren Saxmose Nielson, Matthew James Denwood, Bjorn Forkman, Hans Houe
Despite being important to the general public, the monitoring of animal welfare is not systematic. The Danish political parties agreed in 2012 to establish national animal welfare indices for cattle and pigs, and here we assess the potential for using data from the systematic meat inspection to...
Influence of Maternal Care on Behavioural Development of Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Living in a Home Environment
Contributor(s): Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjo, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies...
Using Free Adoptions to Reduce Crowding and Euthanasia at Cat Shelters: An Australian Case Study
Contributor(s): Heather M. Crawford, Joseph B. Fontaine, Michael C. Calver
Many healthy adult cats are euthanised annually in shelters, and novel approaches are required to reduce euthanasia rates. Waiving adoption fees is one such approach. However, concerns that less responsible owners will be attracted to free events persist among welfare groups. We evaluated...
Brazilian Citizens: Expectations Regarding Dairy Cattle Welfare and Awareness of Contentious Practices
Contributor(s): Clarissa S. Cardoso, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk, Marie Jose Hotzel
The primary aim of this study was to explore attitudes of urban Brazilian citizens about dairy production. A secondary aim was to determine their knowledge and attitudes about four potentially contentious routine dairy cattle management practices: early cow-calf separation; zero-grazing; culling...
The Mental Homologies of Mammals. Towards an Understanding of Another Mammals World View
Contributor(s): Marthe Kiley-Worthington
Mammals’ mental homologies include that they look after their young, suckle and protect them; they acquire information about the world by learning. They have five types of sensory receptors and a brain to analyze the information and they feel: that is they are sentient. Mental homologies...
Addressing the Challenges of Conducting Observational Studies in Sheep Abattoirs
Contributor(s): Elyssa Payne, Melissa Starling, Paul McGreevy
The competing needs of maintaining productivity within abattoirs, and maintaining high standards of animal welfare, provide fertile grounds for applied research in animal behavior. However, there are challenges involved in capturing useful behavioral data from the supply chain (from paddock to...
Influence of Professional Affiliation on Expert's View on Welfare Measures
Contributor(s): NIna Dam Otten, Tine Rousing, Bjorn Forkam
The present study seeks to investigate the influence of expert affiliation in the weighing procedures within animal welfare assessments. Experts are often gathered with different backgrounds with differing approaches to animal welfare posing a potential pitfall if affiliation groups are not...
Perceptions of Hunting and Hunters by U.S. Respondents
Contributor(s): Elizabeth Byrd, John G. Lee, NIcole J. Olynk Widmar
Public acceptance of hunting and hunting practices is an important human dimension of wildlife management in the United States. Researchers surveyed 825 U.S. residents in an online questionnaire about their views of hunting, hunters, and hunting practices. Eighty-seven percent of respondents...
An Examination of an Iconic Trap-Neuter-Return Program: The Newburyport, Massachusetts Case Study
Contributor(s): David D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
Local communities in the United States are commonly responsible for selecting the most appropriate method of managing free-roaming cats. Lethal management has been widely utilized for generations, but the use of trap–neuter–return (TNR) has grown in recent decades. Despite expanded...
Environmental Impact and Relative Invasiveness of Free-Roaming Domestic Carnivores—a North American Survey of Governmental Agencies
Contributor(s): Ana Lepe, Valerie Kaplan, Alirio Arreaza, Robert Szpanderfer, David Bristol, M. Scott Sinclair
A survey of the United States and Canadian governmental agencies investigated the environmental impact and relative invasiveness of free-roaming domestic non-native carnivores—dogs, cats, and ferrets. Agencies represented wildlife, fish, game, natural or environmental resources, parks and...