Selection of Breeding Stock among Australian Purebred Dog Breeders, with Particular Emphasis on the Dam
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Veronika Czerwinski, Michelle McArthur, Bradley Smith, Philip Hynd, Susan Hazel
Every year, thousands of purebred domestic dogs are bred by registered dog breeders. Yet, little is known about the rearing environment of these dogs, or the attitudes and priorities surrounding breeding practices of these dog breeders. The objective of this study was to explore some of the...
Wildlife Encounters by Lewis and Clark: A Spatial Analysis of Interactions between Native Americans and Wildlife
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Andrea S. Laliberte, William J. Ripple
The Lewis and Clark journals contain some of the earliest and most detailed written descriptions of a large part of the United States before Euro-American settlement. We used the journal entries to assess the influence of humans on wildlife distribution and abundance. Areas with denser human...
The Effect of Pet Remedy on the Behaviour of the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sienna Taylor, Joah Madden
Stress-affected behaviour in companion animals can have an adverse effect on animal health and welfare and their relationships with humans. This stress can be addressed using chemical treatments, often in conjunction with behavioural therapies. Here, we investigated the efficacy of one...
Sero-epidemiological and haematological studies on toxoplasmosis in cats,dogs and their owners in Lahore, Pakistan
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Azeem Shahzad, Muhammad Sarwar Khan, Kamran Ashraf, Muhammad Avais, Khalid Pervez, Jawaria Ali Khan
The current study was conducted to find out the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis in cats, dogs and human population in Lahore city of Pakistan and to determine the possibility of transmission of toxoplasmosis from cats and dogs to their owners. Overall 56% cats were seropositive for...
The Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance: A One Health Consortium
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mark M. Rweyemamu, Peter Mmbuji, Esron Karimuribo, Janusz Paweska, Dominic Kambarage, Luis Neves, Jean-Marie Kayembe, Aaron Mweene, Mecky Matee
Formed in 2008, the Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SACIDS) is a One Health consortium of academic and research institutions involved with infectious diseases of humans and animals. Operating in partnership with world-renowned centres of research in industrialised...
Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter
There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...
Changes in the Welfare of an Injured Working Farm Dog Assessed Using the Five Domains Model
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katherine E. Littlewood, David J. Mellor
The present structured, systematic and comprehensive welfare evaluation of an injured working farm dog using the Five Domains Model is of interest in its own right. It is also an example for others wanting to apply the Model to welfare evaluations in different species and contexts. Six stages of...
An Investigation into the Relationship between Owner Knowledge, Diet, and Dental Disease in Guinea Pigs (Cavia porcellus)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rosemary Norman, Alison P. Wills
Early exposure to dogs and farm animals and the risk of childhood asthma
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tove Fall, Cecilia Lundholm, Anne K. Ortqvist, Katja Fall, Fang Fang, Ake Hedhammar, Olle Kampe, Erik Ingelsson, Catarina Almqvist
IMPORTANCE: The association between early exposure to animals and childhood asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk of asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:...
The Rescue and Rehabilitation of Koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus) in Southeast Queensland
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Emily Burton, Andrew Tribe
Koala populations in southeast Queensland are under threat from many factors, particularly habitat loss, dog attack, vehicle trauma and disease. Animals not killed from these impacts are often rescued and taken into care for rehabilitation, and eventual release back to the wild if deemed to be...
Relationship Between Scarring and Dog Aggression in Pit Bull-Type Dogs Involved in Organized Dogfighting
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katherine A. Miller, Rachel Touroo, C. Victor Spain, Kelly Jones, Pamela Reid, Randall Lockwood
When pit bull-type dogs are seized in an investigation of organized dogfighting, heavily scarred dogs are often assumed to be highly dog aggressive due to a history of fighting. These dogs may be deemed dangerous and euthanized based on scarring alone. We analyzed our existing data on dogs...
Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" by Updating the "Five Provisions" and Introducing Aligned "Animal Welfare Aims"
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): David J. Mellor
Although the Five Freedoms paradigm has been very influential in shaping animal welfare thinking for the last two decades, it has two key disadvantages. First, the focus on “freedom” from a range of negative experiences and states has been misunderstood in a number of quarters to...
Factors Which Influence Owners When Deciding to Use Chemotherapy in Terminally Ill Pets
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jane Williams, Catherine Phillips, Hollie Marie Byrd
Chemotherapy is a commonly integrated treatment option within human and animal oncology regimes. Limited research has investigated pet owners’ treatment decision-making in animals diagnosed with malignant neoplasia. Dog and cat owners were asked to complete an online questionnaire to...
The Challenges of Using Horses for Practical Teaching Purposes in Veterinary Programmes
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Charlotte Bolwell, Stuart Gordon
Students enrolled in veterinary degrees often come from an urban background with little previous experience in handling horses and other large animals. Many veterinary degree programmes place importance on the teaching of appropriate equine handling skills, yet within the literature it is...
Monty Roberts' Public Demonstrations: Preliminary Report on the Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability of Horses Undergoing Training during Live Audience Events
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Loni Loftus, Kelly Marks, Rosie Jones-McVey, Jose L. Gonzales, Veronica L. Fowler
Effective training of horses relies on the trainer’s awareness of learning theory and equine ethology, and should be undertaken with skill and time. Some trainers, such as Monty Roberts, share their methods through the medium of public demonstrations. This paper describes the opportunistic...
Vegetarian versus Meat-Based Diets for Companion Animals
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Andrew Knight, Madelaine Leitsberger
Companion animal owners are increasingly concerned about the links between degenerative health conditions, farm animal welfare problems, environmental degradation, fertilizers and herbicides, climate change, and causative factors; such as animal farming and the consumption of animal products....
Depredatory impact of free-roaming dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) on Mediterranean deer in southern Spain: implications for the human-wolf conflict.
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): J. Duarte, F.J. Garcia, JE Fa
Feral dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are efficient wild ungulate hunters in many parts of the world. This has not been confirmed in Mediterranean ecosystems. However, if feral dogs can predate upon wild Mediterranean ungulates, they can also do so upon livestock. Therefore, to more realistically...
Humans, Horses, and Hybrids : On Rights, Welfare, and Masculinity in Equestrian Sports
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kutte Jonsson
The fact that horses play an essential role for equestrian sports raises rather specific ethical concerns. Questions like what should be morally permissible to do to (non-consenting) nonhumans for the sake of human interests become urgent. Is it not an example of (animal) rights violation to...
The Relationships Among Plants, Animals, and Man in the African Tropical Rain Forest
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hideaki Terashima
Interrelationship among man, plants and animals in the Ituri forest is described and analyzed. Plants contribute mainly to establish the material world of forest foragers, and their eternity gives man and animals living in the forest a sense of security and certainty of life. Animals are...
No Room to Swing a Cat? Animal Treatment and Urban Space in Singapore
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ying-kit Chan
Since Singapore's independence in 1965, the People's Action Party government has launched an extensive urban planning program to transform the island into a modern metropolis. This paper discusses human-animal relations and the management of stray cats in postcolonial Singapore. In...