Penile Injuries in Immunocastrated and Entire Male Pigs of One Fattening Farm
Contributor(s): Simon Reiter, Susanne Zols, Mathias Ritzmann, Volker Stefanski, Ulrike Weiler
Penile injuries in boars have been discussed as a relevant welfare problem in pork production with entire males (EM). The incidence of penile injuries with immunocastrated boars has not been described so far. Thus, it was the aim of this study to systematically compare frequency and severity of...
Survey of Veterinarians Using a Novel Physical Compression Squeeze Procedure in the Management of Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome in Foals
Contributor(s): Monica Aleman, Kalie M. Weich, John E. Madigan
Horses are a precocious species that must accomplish several milestones that are critical to survival in the immediate post-birth period for their survival. One essential milestone is the successful transition from the intrauterine unconsciousness to an extrauterine state of consciousness or...
The Use of a Virtual Online Debating Platform to Facilitate Student Discussion of Potentially Polarising Topics
Contributor(s): Paul D. McGreevy, Vicky Tzioumis, Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Robert Brown, Mike Sands, Melissa J. Starling, Clive J.C. Phillips
The merits of students exchanging views through the so-called human continuum exercise (HCE) are well established. The current article describes the creation of the virtual human continuum (VHC), an online platform that facilitates the same teaching exercise. It also reports feedback on the VHC...
Characteristics and Outcomes of Dogs Admitted into Queensland RSPCA Shelters
Contributor(s): Megan Hemy, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Mandy Paterson
Over 200,000 stray and surrendered dogs are admitted to shelters and municipal facilities in Australia each year, and approximately 20% are euthanized. Contemporary, comprehensive data on the characteristics and outcomes of dogs entering shelters are required to reduce shelter admissions and...
Understanding Animal Detection of Precursor Earthquake Sounds
Contributor(s): Michael Garstang, Michael C. Kelley
We use recent research to provide an explanation of how animals might detect earthquakes before they occur. While the intrinsic value of such warnings is immense, we show that the complexity of the process may result in inconsistent responses of animals to the possible precursor signal. Using...
Understanding Adolescents' Categorisation of Animal Species
Contributor(s): Melanie Connor, Alistair B Lawrence
Categorisations are a means of investigating cognitive maps. The present study, for the first time, investigates adolescents’ spontaneous categorisation of 34 animal species. Furthermore, explicit evaluations of 16 selected animals in terms of their perceived utility and likeability were...
Operational Details of the Five Domains Model and Its Key Applications to the Assessment and Management of Animal Welfare
Contributor(s): David J. Mellor
In accord with contemporary animal welfare science understanding, the Five Domains Model has a significant focus on subjective experiences, known as affects, which collectively contribute to an animal’s overall welfare state. Operationally, the focus of the Model is on the presence or...
American Citizens' Views of an Ideal Pig Farm
Contributor(s): Patrycia Sato, Maria J. Hotzel, Marina A.G. von Keyserlingk
Food animal production practices are often cited as having negative animal welfare consequences. The U.S. swine industry has not been exempt from such criticisms. Little is known, however, about how lay citizens who are not actively engaged in agricultural discussions, think about swine...
Veterinary and Equine Science Students' Interpretation of Horse Behaviour
Contributor(s): Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Audrey Martinez, Charlotte Bolwell
We assessed first-year veterinary science and veterinary technology and undergraduate equine science students interpretation of expressive horse behaviours. Previous experience with horses appeared to influence the students’ perception of the horses’ behaviour. Qualitative...
Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injury during Racing on New Zealand Racetracks 2005–2011
Contributor(s): Charlotte Bolwell, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Wayne Mcllwraith
There is currently limited information on the types, or risk, of injuries occurring for horses racing in flat races in New Zealand. Race reports and records from six racing seasons were used to determine the reasons why horses failed to finish a race. In total, 544 horses failed to complete a...
Optimum Drug Combinations for the Sedation of Growing Boars Prior to Castration
Contributor(s): Heidi S. Lehmann, Dominique Blache, Eleanor Drynan, Pema Tshewang, David J.C. Blignaut, Gabrielle C. Musk
Juvenile male pigs were sedated for castration. Eight five-month old boars were sedated twice (two weeks apart) with a combination of detomidine (0.1 mg/kg), midazolam (0.2 mg/kg) and either butorphanol (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDB, n = 8) or morphine (0.2 mg/kg) (Group MDM, n = 8) intramuscularly....
Stated Preferences for Dog Characteristics and Sources of Acquisition
Contributor(s): Courtney Bir, Nicole J. Olynk Widmar, Candace C. Croney
People’s preferences for where they acquire dogs and the characteristics they focus on may provide insight into their perceptions of socially responsible pet ownership, as acquiring a dog is the first step in dog ownership. An online survey of 1523 U.S. residents was used to aid...
Review of Bug Music: How Insects Gave Us Rhythm and Noise
Contributor(s): Jonathan L. Friedmann
Review of Bug Music: How Insects Gave Us Rhythm and Noise, by David Rothenberg. This book proposes that the human sense of rhythm derived in part from insect sounds.
Review of Animals and the Economy
Contributor(s): Bob Fischer
Fischer reviews Animals and the Economy.
Review of The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
Contributor(s): A.G. Holdier
A. G. Holdier reviews The Question of the Animal and Religion: Theoretical Stakes, Practical Implications
Review of The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat
Contributor(s): Andy Lamey
Andy Lamey reviews The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat. Lamey analyzes the arguments presented in the book and offers insightful concurrence with authors
Review of Interspecies Ethics
Contributor(s): Thomas E. Randall
This paper provides a review of Cynthia Willett's book Interspecies Ethics. Willett aims to outline the beginnings of biosocial eros ethics – an ethical outline that sketches the potentiality of a cross-species cosmopolitan ideal of compassion (agape), derived...
Review of Animals and African Ethics
Contributor(s): Luis Cordeiro-Rodrigues
This article is a book review of the book Animals and African Ethics by Kai Horsthemke. I argue this is a brilliant book that gives a clear overview of how Africans see animals. However, I also contend that Horsthemke could have had a more charitable approach to African ideas and explore how an...
Review of Beating Hearts: Abortion and Animal Rights
Contributor(s): Mylan Engel Jr.
In their recent book, Sherry Colb and Michael Dorf defend the following ethical theses: (1) sentience is sufficient for possessing the right not to be harmed and the right not to be killed; (2) killing sentient animals for food is almost always seriously wrong; (3) aborting pre-sentient fetuses...
Just Meat: Chicken-Pain, Intergenerational Justice, and the American Diet
Contributor(s): Stephen Scales
Peter Singer’s arguments against the morality of the typical American diet focus on the pain of animals, and lead to the conclusion that we must become committed vegans. His approach ignores the impact that different psychological capacities can legitimately have on our moral appraisal of...