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  1. Orca Behavior and Subsequent Aggression Associated with Oceanarium Confinement

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Robert Anderson, Robyn Waayers, Andrew Knight

    Based on neuroanatomical indices such as brain size and encephalization quotient, orcas are among the most intelligent animals on Earth. They display a range of complex behaviors indicative of social intelligence, but these are difficult to study in the open ocean where protective laws may...

  2. Using the Horse Grimace Scale (HGS) to Assess Pain Associated with Acute Laminitis in Horses (Equus caballus)

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Katie Carroll, Emanuela Dalla Costa, Diana Stucke, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Matthew C. Leach, Dirk Lebelt

    Acute laminitis is a common equine disease characterized by intense foot pain, both acutely and chronically. The Obel grading system is the most widely accepted method for describing the severity of laminitis by equine practitioners, however this method requires movement (walk and trot) of the...

  3. Dingoes at the Doorstep: Home Range Sizes and Activity Patterns of Dingoes and Other Wild Dogs around Urban Areas of North-Eastern Australia

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alice T. McNeill, Luke K.P. Leung, Mark S. Goullet, Matthew N. Gentle, Benjamin L. Allen

    Top-predators around the world are becoming increasingly intertwined with humans, sometimes causing con´Čéict and increasing safety risks in urban areas. In Australia, dingoes and dingo×domesticdoghybridsarecommoninmanyurbanareas,andposeavarietyofhumanhealth and safety risks. However, data...

  4. Horse Injury during Non-Commercial Transport: Findings from Researcher-Assisted Intercept Surveys at Southeastern Australian Equestrian Events

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Christopher B. Riley, Belinda R. Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J. Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson

    Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting...

  5. Can Citizen Science Assist in Determining Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) Presence in a Declining Population?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Emily Flower, Darryl Jones, Lilia Bernede

    The acceptance and application of citizen science has risen over the last 10 years, with this rise likely attributed to an increase in public awareness surrounding anthropogenic impacts affecting urban ecosystems. Citizen science projects have the potential to expand upon data collected by...

  6. Organizing space and time through relational human-animal boundary work: exclusion, invitation and disturbance

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Daniel Sage, Lise Justesen, Andrew R.J. Dainty, K. Trygesstad, Jan Mouritsen

    In this paper we examine the role that animals play within human organizational boundary work. In so doing, we challenge the latent anthropocentricism in many, if not most, theories of organization that locate animal agencies outside the boundary work that is said to constitute organizing. In...

  7. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  8. Animal Welfare: Freedoms, Dominions and "A Life Worth Living"

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): John Webster

    This opinion paper considers the relative validity and utility of three concepts: the Five Freedoms (FF), Five Domains (FD) and Quality of Life (QoL) as tools for the analysis of animal welfare. The aims of FF and FD are different but complementary. FD seeks to assess the impact of the physical...

  9. "It's not that they sting you. It's that they don't sting you." Beekeepers and the Narrative Construction of Human-honeybee Relationships

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kate Marx

    There are seemingly endless accounts available of the bond that is often formed between humans and other mammals. Far less, however, has been written on interactions between humans and animals of more pronounced physiological difference to us, for example, insects. The purpose of this study was...

  10. Analysis of Failure to Finish a Race in a Cohort of Thoroughbred Racehorses in New Zealand

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jasmine Tanner, Chris Rogers, Charlotte Bolwell, Naomi Cogger, Erica Gee, Wayne McIlwraith

    The objective was to describe the incidence of failure to finish a race in flat-racing Thoroughbreds in New Zealand as these are summary indicators of falls, injuries and poor performance. Retrospective data on six complete flat racing seasons (n = 188,615 race starts) of all Thoroughbred flat...

  11. Contradiction and Complacency Shape Attitudes towards the Toll of Roads on Wildlife

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Daniel Ramp, Vanessa K. Wilson, David B. Croft

    Most people in the world now live in cities. Urbanisation simultaneously isolates people from nature and contributes to biodiversity decline. As cities expand, suburban development and the road infrastructure to support them widens their impact on wildlife. Even so, urban communities, especially...

  12. Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson

    Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...

  13. "Vicious, Aggressive Bird Stalks Cyclist": The Australian Magpie (Cracticus tibicen) in the News

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kitty van Vuuren, Scott O' Keefe, Darryl N. Jones

    The Australian Magpie ( Cracticus tibicen ) is a common bird found in urban Australian environments where its nest defense behavior during spring brings it into conflict with humans. This article explores the role of print media in covering this conflict. Leximancer software was used to analyze...

  14. The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali

    John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...

  15. Cecil: A Moment or a Movement? Analysis of Media Coverage of the Death of a Lion, Panthera leo

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): David W. Macdonald, Kim S. Jacobsen, Dawn Burnham, Paul J. Johnson, Andrew J. Loveridge

    The killing of a satellite-tagged male lion by a trophy hunter in Zimbabwe in July 2015 provoked an unprecedented media reaction. We analyse the global media response to the trophy hunting of the lion, nicknamed “Cecil”, a study animal in a long-term project run by Oxford...

  16. Impact of Androstenone on Leash Pulling and Jumping Up in Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Glenna Pirner, John McGlone

    Dogs are relinquished to shelters due to behavioral problems, such as leash pulling and jumping up. Interomones are chemical cues produced by one species that elicit a response in a different species. We reported earlier that androstenone, a swine sex pheromone, acts as an interomone to reduce...

  17. Preventing and Investigating Horse-Related Human Injury and Fatality in Work and Non-Work Equestrian Environments: A Consideration of the Workplace Health and Safety Framework

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Meredith Chapman, Kirrilly Thompson

    It has been suggested that one in five riders will be injured due to a fall from a horse, resulting in severe head or torso injuries. Attempts to reduce injury have primarily focussed on low level risk controls, such as helmets. In comparison, risk mitigation in high risk workplaces and sports...

  18. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): S. Fox, Mitchell Ricketts, J. Ernest Minton

    Cattle have been identified as leading sources of injuries to agricultural workers. The present study focused on worker injuries that involved the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment. The goal of the study was to identify opportunities for injury prevention....

  19. Dogs on the Move: Factors Impacting Animal Shelter and Rescue Organizations' Decisions to Accept Dogs from Distant Locations

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kaitlyn E. Simmons, Christy L. Hoffman

    Long-distance dog transfer programs are a topic of burgeoning interest in the animal welfare community, but little research has focused on such programs. This exploratory study, which surveyed 193 individuals associated with animal shelter and rescue organizations in the United States, evaluated...

  20. Improving the Understanding of Psychological Factors Contributing to Horse-Related Accident and Injury: Context, Loss of Focus, Cognitive Errors and Rigidity

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jodi DeAraugo, Suzanne McLaren, Phil McManus, Paul D. McGreevy

    While the role of the horse in riding hazards is well recognised, little attention has been paid to the role of specific theoretical psychological processes of humans in contributing to and mitigating risk. The injury, mortality or compensation claim rates for participants in the horse-racing...