Veganism and 'The Analytic Question'
Contributor(s): Adam Reid
The (practical) dilemma I explore in this paper concerns two advocacy-oriented aims which, though not mutually exclusive per se, are nonetheless quite difficult for vegans to jointly satisfy in practice. The first concerns the need for individual vegans to rebuff (by example) certain familiar...
How to Become a Post-Dog. Animals in Transhumanism
Contributor(s): Michael Hauskeller
This paper analyses and deconstructs the transhumanist commitment to animal rights and the well-being of all sentient beings. Some transhumanists have argued that such a commitment entails a moral imperative to help non-human animals overcome their biological limitations by enhancing their...
Carnivorous Companions and the Vegetarian's Dilemma
Contributor(s): Patrick J. Clipsham
This paper is concerned with a problem that arises within ethical frameworks that imply that it is wrong for humans to consume meat or other animal products when vegan alternatives are available. The specific problem relates to the ethical difficulties associated with beginning a relationship...
Welfare Status of Working Horses and Owners′ Perceptions of Their Animals
Contributor(s): Daniela Luna, Rodrigo A. Vasquez, Manuel Rojas, Tamara A. Tadich
Appropriate strategies aimed at improving the welfare of working horses should contemplate the assessment of welfare status, as well as the evaluation of the human–animal relationship within each geo-cultural context. We assessed and compared the welfare status of working horses in two...
Direct Observation of Dog Density and Composition during Street Counts as a Resource Efficient Method of Measuring Variation in Roaming Dog Populations over Time and between Locations
Contributor(s): Elly Hiby, Lex Hiby
Dog population management is conducted in many countries to address the public health risks from roaming dogs and threats to their welfare. To assess its effectiveness, we need to monitor indicators from both the human and dog populations that are quick and easy to collect, precise and...
Straight from the Horse(man)'s Mouth: Innovative 4-H Camps
Contributor(s): Fawn Kurtzo, Leslie D. Edgar, Donna L. Graham, Mark Russell
As 4-H evolves to include a wide breadth of youths' modern interests, innovative educational opportunities and evaluation practices become necessary. Horsemanship and safety-based horse camps were created in response to a statewide challenge to develop competitive 4-H members and retain...
Canine emotions and the bond between humans and dogs
Contributor(s): Robert J. Franklin Jr.
I explore how the findings reviewed by Kujala (2017) influence our understanding of the human-dog bond. The special social cognitive abilities of dogs may be unique among animal species, probably influenced by the circumstances surrounding canine domestication. The bond has influenced animal...
Does Hippotherapy Improve Gross Motor Function in Children with Cerebral Palsy?
Contributor(s): Rachel Y. Maestas
Cerebral palsy (CP) refers to a group of non-progressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage to, motor control centers of the brain. CP is caused by events before, during, or after birth. The abnormalities of muscle control that define CP are often...
Human–Animal Interaction Research in School Settings: Current Knowledge and Future Directions
Contributor(s): Nancy R. Gee, James A. Griffin, Peggy McCardle
The involvement of animals is almost commonplace in many schools, although actual data documenting the extent and nature of human–animal interaction (HAI) in these settings are sparse. We provide an overview of the existing research and argue that the inclusion of animals in classroom...
Integration of Animal-Assisted Therapy Standards in Pediatric Occupational Therapy
Contributor(s): Sara J. Shue, Melissa Y. Winkle, M J Mulcahey
The primary purpose of this study was to describe how the best practice recommendations and standards of practice related to animal-assisted therapy (AAT) are being incorporated into pediatric occupational therapy (OT). The study design was a nonexperimental survey that identified the...
Animal Welfare: A Contemporary Understanding Demands a Contemporary Approach to Behavior and Training
Contributor(s): E. Anne McBride, David J. Montgomery
Contemporary understanding of One Welfare highlights the intrinsic link between animal and human welfare and ethics, regarding physical and psychological well-being as equally important. These principles apply to all animals we keep, regardless of why we keep them. One factor influencing...
The Italian Agreement between the Government and the Regional Authorities: National Guidelines for AAI and Institutional Context
Contributor(s): Martina Simonato, Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Daniele Benedetti, Elisabetta Finocchi Mahne, Vincenzo Ugo Santucci, Silvio Borrello, Luca Farina
Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have developed considerably in the last half century, prompting various private and public realities dealing with AAI worldwide to work on and establish standards and best practice. However, AAI are still far from being regulated harmoniously. In this context,...
Geographically Apart, Attitudinally Very Close: A Comparison of Attitudes toward Animals between Romania and Mexico City
Contributor(s): Alina S. Rusu, Denisa Pop, Dennis C. Turner
Among other regions, Romania and Mexico (particularly Mexico City) are often cited as problematic areas in surveys and reports on the growing population of stray animals in urban areas. The aim of our study was to adapt for Romanian and Spanish languages usage of an instrument that includes...
Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners
Contributor(s): Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner
Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...
Human–Animal Interaction and Older Adults: An Overview
Contributor(s): Nancy R. Gee, Megan K. Mueller, Angela L. Curl
Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human–animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is...
From the Editor – Welcome to the first issue of Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin!
Contributor(s): Lori Kogan
Human Animal Interaction: Research & Practice Section of Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association is proud to announce this exciting new venue for the scientific study of human-animal interactions. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin...
Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants
Contributor(s): Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo
Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...
Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology
Contributor(s): Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz
Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...
Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention
Contributor(s): Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler
In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
Contributor(s): Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...