Polar Similar: Intersections of Anthropology and Conservation
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nathan Poirier, Sarah Tomasello
Anthropologists and conservationists have a long history of conflict, largely stemming from the creation of protected areas that are frequently placed on the land belonging to Indigenous communities for which anthropologists advocate. While this paper does not wish to diminish the values of...
Factors Influencing the Safety Behavior of German Equestrians: Attitudes towards Protective Equipment and Peer Behaviors
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Christina-Maria Ikinger, Jana Baldamus, Achim Spiller
Human interactions with horses entail certain risks. Although the acceptance and use of protective gear is increasing, a high number of incidents and very low or inconsistent voluntary use of safety equipment are reported. While past studies have examined factors influencing the use of safety...
Look Before You Leap: What Are the Obstacles to Risk Calculation in the Equestrian Sport of Eventing?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Denzil O'Brien
All horse-riding is risky. In competitive horse sports, eventing is considered the riskiest, and is often characterised as very dangerous. But based on what data? There has been considerable research on the risks and unwanted outcomes of horse-riding in general, and on particular subsets of...
Healthy animals, healthy people: Inextricably linked
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Michael B. Cates
Dogs and dolphins, monkeys and cats, horses and mules, rabbits, rodents, reptiles, and humans--multiple species, and all are part of the focused mission of the US Army Veterinary Corps. For over 91 years, officers in our Corps, along with support personnel, have been an integral part of the Army...
Observation of public health risk behaviors, risk communication and hand hygiene at Kansas and Missouri petting zoos – 2010-2011
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gonzalo Erdozain, Katherine KuKanich, Benjamin Chapman, Douglas A. Powell
Outbreaks of human illness have been linked to visiting settings with animal contact throughout developed countries. This paper details an observational study of hand hygiene tool availability and recommendations; frequency of risky behavior; and, handwashing attempts by visitors in Kansas (9)...
Reconciling Horse Welfare, Worker Safety, and Public Expectations: Horse Event Incident Management Systems in Australia
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Julie M. Fiedler, Paul D. McGreevy
Human-horse interactions have a rich tradition and can be highly rewarding, particularly within sport and recreation pursuits, but they can also be dangerous or even life-threatening. In parallel, sport and recreation pursuits involving animals, including horses, are facing an increased level of...
Updating Animal Welfare Thinking: Moving beyond the "Five Freedoms" towards "A Life Worth Living"
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): David J. Mellor
The Five Freedoms have had major impact on animal welfare thinking internationally. However, despite clear initial statements that the words ‘freedom from’ should indicate ‘as free as possible from’, the Freedoms have come to be represented as absolute or fundamental...
The Contribution of Equitation Science to Minimising Horse-Related Risks to Humans
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Melissa Starling, Andrew McLean, Paul McGreevy
Equitation science is an evidence-based approach to horse training and riding that focuses on a thorough understanding of both equine ethology and learning theory. This combination leads to more effective horse training, but also plays a role in keeping horse riders and trainers safe around...
Numbers and Characteristics of Cats Admitted to Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Shelters in Australia and Reasons for Surrender
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Corinne Alberthsen, Jacquie Rand, John Morton, Pauleen Bennett, Mandy Paterson, Dianne Vankan
Despite high numbers of cats admitted to animal shelters annually, there is surprisingly little information available about the characteristics of these cats. In this study, we examined 195,387 admissions to 33 Australian RSPCA shelters and six friends of the RSPCA groups from July 2006 to June...
Characteristics of Excitable Dog Behavior Based on Owners' Report from a Self-Selected Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anastasia Shabelansky, Seana Dowling-Guyer
Past research has found that excitable dog behavior is prevalent among sheltered and owned dogs and many times is a reason for canine relinquishment. In spite of its prevalence in the canine population, excitable behavior is relatively unstudied in the scientific literature. The intent of this...
The Management of Horses during Fireworks in New Zealand
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee
Within popular press there has been much coverage of the negative effects associated with firework and horses. The effect of fireworks has been documented in companion animals, yet no studies have investigated the negative effects, or otherwise, of fireworks on horses. This study aims to...
Wild-But-Not-Too-Wild Animals: Challenging Goldilocks Standards in Rewilding
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Erica von Essen, Michael P. Allen
Rewilding is positioned as ‘post’-conservation through its emphasis on unleashing the autonomy of natural processes. In this paper, we argue that the autonomy of nature rhetoric in rewilding is challenged by human interventions. Instead of joining critique toward the ‘managed...
Animal Experimentation as a Form of Rescue
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alexander Zambrano Mr.
In this paper I explore a new approach to the ethics of animal experimentation by conceiving of it as a form of rescue. The notion of rescue, I suggest, involves some moral agent(s) performing an action or series of actions, whose end is to prevent or alleviate serious harm to another party,...
Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Blake Hereth
In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...
Baby Animal Days: An Innovative Approach to Funding and Marketing Urban Extension Programs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Justen Smith, Jerry Goodspeed, JayDee Gunnell, Shawn Olsen
Extension in urban areas can suffer from a lack of exposure in addition to a lack of funding for programs. Baby Animal Days is a 2-day event created to educate the public about agriculture while generating much-needed revenue and providing powerful marketing for Extension. Attendance at the...
Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday
The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population...
Effectiveness of Webinars as Educational Tools to Address Horse Industry Issues
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kate E. Pulec, Christine D. Skelly, Colleen M. Brady, Elizabeth A. Greene, Kathleen P. Anderson
A series of six webinars was developed and presented as part of an eXtension HorseQuest/My Horse University online educational program funded by the USA Equestrian Trust. The webinars addressed topics consistent with the goal of improving equine health and management practices through...
The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jean-Mane Giffroy
On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...
Therapeutic activities associating the animal, for a better quality of life in the hospital
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Didier Vernay
It is common to say or publish that the Animal-AAA Therapeutic Activities in the hospital are pioneers. This statement becomes false. In France, we now have a history, theoretical foundations, concepts, programs and current experiments that deny this position (ref. "The dog: a partner of...
The relationship between man and pet
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jean-Luc Vuillemenot
Part of the human movement since the dawn of time, the presence of the pet has undergone a recent evolution in its form and expression. From the utilitarian relationship and the exchange of services, the dog and the cat have entered fully into our society, especially in the West. In parallel...