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  1. The Effect of Human-Animal Interaction on Human Cardiovascular Health

    Reports | Contributor(s): Felicia Trembath, Emily Patterson-Kane

    More than 2,150 Americans die from cardiovascular disease (CVD) daily, an average of 1 death every 40 seconds (Go et al., 2014). In any given year, approximately 620,000 Americans suffer their first coronary attack, and 295,000 have a repeat attack. Even though rates of CVD declined between 2000...

  2. Animal-Assisted Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Reports | Contributor(s): Marguerite E. O'Haire, Noémie A. Guérin, Alison Claire Kirkham, Courtney L. Daigle

    Approximately 1 in 68 children in the United States has Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, 2014). There is no cure for ASD; therefore, current treatment efforts focus on behavior management and social...

  3. Animal-Assisted Intervention for People with Cancer

    Reports | Contributor(s): Felicia Trembath

    Cancer is one of the most widespread diseases in the modern world, affecting millions of people per year. In the United States alone approximately 1.6 million people are diagnosed with cancer annually, and almost 50% of men and close to 33% of women will develop some form of cancer during their...

  4. Eden Alternative: The Texas Project

    Reports | Contributor(s): Sandy Ransom

    Loneliness, helplessness, and boredom dominate the lives of many nursing home residents. Even though many regulations and programs are in place that are intended to assure quality of care, the confines of the nursing home environment and the widespread entrenchment of the "medical...

  5. Impact of the Eden Alternative™ on Texas Nursing Homes Residents' Quality of Life: A Psychosocial Perspective

    Reports | Contributor(s): Rich Wylie

    What effect does the Eden Alternative™ have on the quality of life of nursing home residents? Recent studies on this innovative approach to changing nursing home culture have yielded promising results using medical and administrative indicators. However, these studies...

  6. Dog Park Design: A Successful Southwest Dog Park

    Reports | Contributor(s): James Harrison Melnick

    Dog parks are becoming increasingly popular in urban areas where little space is available for interactions with dogs off-leash. Dog parks should help the well-being of the owners and ensure a sense of security for themselves and their canines. However, a poorly designed dog park or dog-friendly...

  7. The use of electric pulse training aids (EPTAs) in companion animals

    Reports | Contributor(s): Daniel Mills, Ernest Soulsby, Anne McBride, David Lamb, David Morton, Sean Wesley, Charles Deeming, L. Dixon, D. Foster

    There is currently little regulation of training and behaviour modification processes in the UK (CAWC 2008) besides measures enshrined in the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and a voluntary Code of Practice launched in 2010 (see: http://www.cawc.org.uk/080603.pdf). This Code is consistent with current...

  8. Studies to assess the effect of pet training aids specifically remote static pulse systems on the welfare of domestic dogs

    Reports | Contributor(s): Jonathan Cooper, Hannah Wright, Daniel Mills, Rachel Casey, Emily Blackwell, Katja Van Driel, Jeff Lines

    This project assessed the welfare of dogs trained with pet training aids, specifically remote static pulse collar systems (e-collars). Previous work has focused on a very limited number of devices in a very limited range of contexts and the evidence of the impact of such devices on dog's...

  9. Studies to assess the effect of pet training aids, specifically remote static pulse systems, on the welfare of domestic dogs: field study of dogs in training

    Reports | Contributor(s): Jonathan Cooper, Nina Cracknell, Jessica Hardiman, Daniel Mills

    The project had a single aim, namely to assess the impact of use of remote static pulse electric training aids (e-collars) during the training of dogs in comparison to dogs referred for similar behavioural problems but without e-collar training. The specific objective was to use appropriate...

  10. Cats and the law: a report for International Cat Care (iCatCare) (formerly the Feline Advisory Bureau (FAB))

    Reports | Contributor(s): Angus Nurse, Diane Ryland

    This research examines the legal status of cats, within the UK’s legal system (primarily in England and Wales) but also in an international context. It considers a range of different areas of law and conflicting perspectives within the UK’s animal welfare, contract, criminal and...

  11. Pets and the Aging: Science Supports the Human-Animal Bond

    Reports

    In April 2003, PAWSitive InterAction held its second annual educational summit — “Think PAWSitive! 2003: Pets and The Aging” — in Atlanta, Georgia, to explore current scientific thinking about the important role pets play in the lives of people as they grow older. With 76...

  12. Animal Exposure, Asthma and Allergies

    Reports | Contributor(s): Felicia Trembath

    An estimated 62% of all United States households have one or more pet and more than 38% of households with pets have children under the age of 18 (Beck, 2010). Although the total number of pets in the United States does not seem to be increasing (AVMA, 2012), the relationship between people and...

  13. Human-Animal Trust as an Analog for Human-Robot Trust: A Review of Current Evidence

    Reports | Contributor(s): Deborah R. Billings, Kristin E. Schaefer, Jessie Y. C. Chen, Vivien Kocsis, Maria Barrera, Michelle Ferrer, Peter A. Hancock, Jacquelyn Cook

    Trust is an essential element required for effective human-robot teaming. Yet, experimental research examining human-robot trust in team interactions is at its infancy stage. Conducting empirical studies using live robots can be extremely difficult in terms of money, time, equipment...

  14. Taking Animal Welfare Seriously Minimizing Pain and Distress in Research Animals

    Reports

    Both laypersons and scientists alike are uncomfortable with animal research when it causes animals to suffer. The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) has launched our Pain & Distress Initiative to work with the scientific community to eliminate significant laboratory animal suffering...

  15. Practitioner Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding the Role Animals Play in Human Health

    Reports | Contributor(s): Felicia Trembath

    Many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of animals in improving patient outcomes, such as their ability to improve cardiovascular health or alleviate depression symptoms. However, little research has been done to evaluate the beliefs of practitioners about the role that animals can...

  16. Measuring the Benefits: Companion Animals and the Health of Older Persons

    Reports

    This review synthesises a wide body of literature concerning research into companion animals and the health of older persons. It is informed by a widely-held conviction among investigators that this research field has important implications for the future of societies and individuals. The human...

  17. Pet-Keeping in American Material Culture and Identity Formation

    Reports | Contributor(s): Heather Frigiola

    Companion animals are a unique and complex part of American culture. They are frequently regarded as family members, yet legally they are considered property and are often obtained with an exchanged of money. As with other consumer goods, pets are culturally imbued with symbolism and are used by...

  18. Zoonoses: Animal to human diseases

    Reports | Contributor(s): E. Fevre, D. Grace

    This resource is a media briefing regarding the control of zoonotic diseases, the Bird Flu outbreak in China, and the connection between urban agriculture and human health.

  19. ILRI scientists put livestock squarely on the (human) health table

    Reports | Contributor(s): D. Grace, J. McDermott

    This report is a think piece that discusses veterniary scientist Delia Grace and veterinary researcher John McDermott and their work with the connection between livestock and human health.

  20. Veterinary scientists address human illnesses associated with livestock

    Reports | Contributor(s): D. Grace

    For the Novermber 2011 'liveSTOCK Exchange' event at the ILRI, Delia Grace, a veterinary epidemiologist, reflects on ILRI's research in agriculture for human health and nutrition.