Case Studies in Ancient Maya Human-Animal Relations: El Perú, La Corona, and Commensal Mammals
Theses | Contributor(s): Diana Nicole Fridberg
The ancient Maya of Mesoamerica inhabited a biodiverse landscape filled with animal taxa that provided both physical resources and rich ideological inspiration. To date, faunal studies among the Maya have been more limited than other types of archaeological investigations, leaving much still...
Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013
Theses | Contributor(s): Adam Guy Alsamadisi
Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...
Heartworm in Canines: Trends in Rhode Island Shelter Populations
Theses | Contributor(s): Kelsey L. McKenna
Each year thousands of dogs in the United States become infected with heartworm, which is caused by Dirofilaria immitis. D. immitis is a parasite that is transmitted to dogs via a bite by an infected mosquito. Nine of the seventy competent mosquito species reside in Rhode Island. The true...
How has the domestication of dogs impacted native North American culture and way of life?
Theses | Contributor(s): Mikaela E. Reisman
Dogs, as the only domestic mammal in North America, were a part of the life and culture of the people who migrated to the Americas from Eurasia. Originally domesticated from Eurasian wolves, the uses of dogs expanded once the Native American ancestors spread throughout the continents. I...
The Effects of Sustainability as a Positive Attribute on Equine Therapy Design: An Interdisciplinary Study
Theses | Contributor(s): Andria Sinclair
Interdisciplinary studies have brought benefits to introducing new solutions to the traditional environment and traditional therapies. Sustainability in relation to design has been suggested in 2006, by the Center for Building Performance and Diagnostic (CBPD) at Carnegie Mellon University to...
The Psychological Benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy on Elderly Nursing Home Patients
Theses | Contributor(s): Sophia M. Elliott
This literature review of the benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is centered on four scholarly articles published in major psychological journals discussing the reduction of loneliness, anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments as well as the increase in well-being and happiness in...
Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales
Theses | Contributor(s): Megan Esther McSherry
Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...
Human exploitation may not be the cause for the declining size of Patella vulgata (Common limpet): A comparison between the Late Norse and the modern populations of Patella vulgata at Sandwick Bay, Unst, Shetland Islands, UK
Theses | Contributor(s): Sarah Mae Brennan Silverberg
Zooarchaeological artefacts like shells are a source of information on the exploitation of prehisotric the rocky intertidal zone. In this study the size and density of Patella vulgata was used to investigate the exploitation of rocky intertidal resources during the Late Norse occupation...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
Theses | Contributor(s): Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated...
Rating character and animal welfare in a municipal dog shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): David Joseph Minor Campos
In this paper we proceed to the adaptation and implementation of a test of canine behavior, in the municipality canine hostel of Cordoba, Spain. The test consists of 17 of the most frequent evidence in the scientific literature, adapted to the reality of canines municipal shelters. The...
The Effect of Human Activity on the Welfare of the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia
Theses | Contributor(s): Iris Hagvag Ringstad
The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is vital in several African ecosystems, accentuating the importance of conserving them. However, conservation efforts are constantly complicated due to human population growth. Anthropogenic disturbances has been linked with elevated stress levels in...
The policies of stray pet population control in Lithuania : a study of government contractors as opposed to non-profit volunteer based organizations
Theses | Contributor(s): Saulene Taruskaite-Vanebo
Within the thesis, the trending methods of stray pet population care and control are considered, the emphasis put on the differences between governmentally funded institutions of sanitation and the non-governmental animal shelters; significant attention paid to the implementation and overall...
Laterality in dogs in response to odour of human stress
Theses | Contributor(s): Maren Helene Burdahl Teien
Can dogs smell that humans are stressed? Lateralization of behaviour and neural functions is found among humans and non-human animals like mammals, amphibians, birds, fishes and reptiles. The structures in the right hemisphere tend to be more active in response to to novel stimuli, and intense...
Effect of mountain biking on red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Kaupanger, Norway
Theses | Contributor(s): Janneke Scholten
Human outdoor activities, like mountain biking, often affect animal behaviour. Ungulates might avoid roads and trails, and increase their avoidance with increasing human activity. Recently, biking on forest trails has increased considerably in Norway, but we still have limited knowledge about...
Human- Wildlife Conflict - The case of elephant at Mole National Park
Theses | Contributor(s): Zodiac Akenten
Conflicts between wildlife and humans, particularly people who share immediate boundaries with protected areas, are common phenomenon. Declining wildlife resources has been linked to human actions through overexploitation, habitat destruction, and habitat fragmentation among others. Local people...
Distribution Patterns of Human Elephant Conflict in Areas Adjacent to Rungwa Game Reserve, Tanzania
Theses | Contributor(s): Wilbright Munuo
Human pressure on terrestrial ecosystems has caused loss and fragmentation of habitats for wildlife species. That has brought humans and wildlife in close proximity intensifying human wildlife conflicts, especially when wild animals with wide home ranges, such as African and Asian elephants, are...
Evaluation of animal welfare in dogs working with animal assisted interventions for elderly people with dementia
Theses | Contributor(s): Borghild Njaerheim Barstad
Animal assisted interventions (AAI) have a beneficial effect on human health, but little research is done on the impact this kind of work has on the animals involved. The aim of this study is to evaluate the welfare of dogs working with AAI for elderly people with dementia during a period of 12...
The "tail" of ARF
Theses | Contributor(s): Hannah Barrick
The Animal Rescue Fund (ARF) is a no kill, nonprofit animal shelter in the Muncie Community. Having worked previously with ARF through the Virginia B. Ball Center for Creative Inquiry, I decided to help the organization further by fulfilling its need for an informative and promotional video to...
The importance of zoos : a three-fold look at conservation, education and animal husbandry in AZA-accredited zoological facilities
Theses | Contributor(s): Jennifer Richardson
Zoological facilities accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) play an important role in society. They provide a positive animal experience for guests while also offering a safe and healthy home to animals that would not otherwise be able to survive. AZA zoos and aquariums work...
Reflections about raising a leader dog for the blind vs. fostering Muncie Animal Rescue Fund dogs : an honors thesis
Theses | Contributor(s): Joan A. Studnicky
Dogs are used for so many purposes in today's world. They are used to hunt, search for and rescue endangered individuals, keep our country safe by sniffing out bombs and drugs, entertain us in dog shows, lead the blind, or simply provide companionship.Dogs are of particular interest to me. I...