Phylogeny, convergence, and snake behavior
Theses | Contributor(s): Harry Walter Greene
Comparative studies of snake behavior were used to confront three related conceptual issues in ethology: (i) Can behavior evolve? (ii) If so, how can the origins of similarities and differences in behavior among animals be assessed? (iii) What is the significance of this information for...
Role of abiotic factors on the development and life history of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)
Theses | Contributor(s): Leslie Holmes
Hermetia illucens (L.) (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) has been found to successfully reduce manure in confined animal feeding operations of poultry, swine and bovine. In equatorial climates, H. illucens is active year round, however, in more temperate climates they are only active during the warmer...
Habitat use by black bears in relation to forest management in Pisgah National Forest, North Carolina
Theses | Contributor(s): Allan Joseph Brody
A total of 1310 locations was obtained on 18 radio collared black bears (Ursus americanus) in Pisgah National Forrest, North Carolina, during 1982 and 1983. Male home ranges averaged 3205 ha in summer and 6931 ha in fall. Female home ranges averaged 872 hectares in summer and 1712 hectares in...
Investigating the role of an understudied North Atlantic right whale habitat: right whale movement, ecology, and distribution in Jeffreys Ledge
Theses | Contributor(s): Kathryn Longley
The critically endangered North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) consistently visits five major habitats throughout the year; however, they are known to visit additional habitats. This project examines the role of Jeffreys Ledge as an additional habitat of importance for this species...
Movement of Juvenile Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens) in the Lower Genesee River, New York
Theses | Contributor(s): Mananjo Jonahson
As an important step in a long-term stocking program, this project investigated the movement and habitat use of juvenile lake sturgeon after they were stocked in the lower Genesee River, New York. Nine young animals were selected to represent the population, ranging from two to three years of...
Use of injectable eugenol for euthanasia and anesthesia of American lobsters (homarus americanus) and similar species
Theses | Contributor(s): Carlton Huntsberger
Crustaceans are economically and ecologically significant, but current treatment and diagnostic protocols for crustacean health are limited. According to standards given by the American Veterinary Medical Association there are no current methods of euthanizing lobsters, nor are there effective...
Whole transcriptome response of chicken spleen and peripheral blood leukocytes to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli
Theses | Contributor(s): Erin Elizabeth Sandford, Susan J. Lamont (adviser)
A greater understanding of the immune response after infection can form the necessary foundation of knowledge needed to enhance immunity through genetic selection. Whole genome microarrays allow for comprehensive analysis of the transcriptome. The transcriptomic responses of spleen and...
Individual differences and pet ownership status: distinguishing among different types of pet owners and non-owners
Theses | Contributor(s): Shannon M. Merrill
Research examining potential differences between pet owners and non-owners is prevalent in the scientific literature, but findings have often been inconsistent. Although some researchers have incorporated animal preference into their investigations of pet ownership, such research is scarce and...
An evaluation of the endocrine response to dystocia in the primiparous cow and calf
Theses | Contributor(s): Glenda M. Borcher
Parturition is a very stressful event for both the cow and the calf. Endocrine changes occur which typically enable to calf to make the transition from a uterine to a gaseous environment. These endocrine changes are basic stress responses, necessary for an organism to maintain homeostasis. They...
Shifting focus: redefining the goals of sea turtle consumption and protection in Bali
Theses | Contributor(s): Audrey Jensen, Windia Adnyana (adviser)
Many would say that the environment and human culture consists of an evolutionary process, complete with necessary adaptations to current situations and the availability of resources. However, religion is usually thought to be a constant, an entity that grounds the individual believer in a...
Metabolism and cryo-sensitivity of domestic cat (Felis catus) and cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) spermatozoa
Theses | Contributor(s): Kimberly Terrell
Teratospermia (ejaculation of ≥ 60% structurally abnormal spermatozoa) is prevalent among felids facing extinction risk, including the cheetah. This trait also occurs in certain domestic cat populations, providing a valuable research model. Multiple components of sperm function are disrupted in...
The effect of selection for intramuscular fat on fatty acid composition in Duroc pigs
Theses | Contributor(s): Jeremy L. Burkett, Tom J. Baas (adviser)
Intensive selection for increased has caused consumer acceptance issues to arise, as a result of decreased meat quality, in the U. S. swine industry. Quality characteristics that play an integral role in consumer acceptance, such as intramuscular fat (IMF), have decreased as breeders have...
Reproductive diseases of dairy cattle
Theses | Contributor(s): Christina Suzanne Tortosa, Edwin Jaster (adviser)
The efficiency of today's dairy has increased due to the growing number of cows per herd and the production of pounds of milk per cow. Increased milk production however has resulted in a reduction of conception rates causing a loss of income for the dairy producer since the dairy industry relies...
Panda-monium: a panda environment for the Henry Doorly Zoo
Theses | Contributor(s): Rosey I M Masek, Bill Borner (adviser)
The project that I am proposing to accomplish would be to design a Panda Exhibit located at the Henry Doorly Zoo in Omaha, NE. The project would really begin this summer of 2007. John Armknecht from Stanley How Architects in Omaha has been contacted for consultation and mentoring purposes since...
Fish oil and barley supplementation in diets for adult dogs: effects on lipid and protein metabolism, nutrient digestibility, fecal quality. and postprandial glycemia
Theses | Contributor(s): Maria Regina Cattai de Godoy, David L. Harmon (adviser)
Obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder encountered in small animal medicine. Problems related with obesity are the higher incidence of morbidity and mortality. Nutritional and physical activity interventions have been common strategies employed; however, they have shown low...
A qualitative study of the perceived health benefits of a therapeutic riding program for children with autism spectrum disorders
Theses | Contributor(s): Margaret Ann Stickney
Therapeutic horseback riding can be recommended as a useful health promotion intervention for individuals with disabilities who face challenges to optimal health and wellness. This qualitative study examined the perceived benefits of a therapeutic riding program for children with autism spectrum...
Animal-assisted therapy services for adult cancer patients: a grant proposal
Theses | Contributor(s): Julia Moorhouse
The purpose of this project was to identify potential funding sources and complete a grant to provide pet therapy/animal-assisted therapy to cancer patients who are actively in treatment at the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center in Orange County, California, who are experiencing emotional...
An analysis and evaluation of Sit Stay Read: is the program effective in improving student engagement and reading outcomes?
Theses | Contributor(s): Corinne Serra Smith
Sit Stay Read is a unique literacy intervention program that uses dogs in the classroom to improve student reading and writing outcomes in select, disadvantaged Chicago Public Schools. The goal of this research study was to analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the Sit Stay Read program in...
Dogs as an intervention for behavioral symptoms of older adults with dementia: a systematic review
Theses | Contributor(s): Katie E. McLellan, Kirsten Wilbur (adviser)
The purpose of this systematic review was to determine if dogs are an effective occupational therapy intervention for reducing agitation and increasing social participation among older adults with symptoms of dementia by examining and rating the current published evidence. Studies were included...
Robot assisted herding
Theses | Contributor(s): Pinky Thakkar
This thesis addresses issues relating to the development of a robotic capability to assist a human in performing a complex task. It describes research and experiments involving a robot that assists a human to herd an animal. The novel focus of this work is that the robot is able to perceive the...