Breaking down the silos in human and animal medicine
Theses | Contributor(s): Marisa Beckett, Michael Chi Yee, Kyle O'Neill, Julie M. Fagan
Human and animal medicine has long been viewed as distinct fields; despite having one huge similarity - medicine. The lack of sharing amongst the disciplines, the lack of shared knowledge, and the lack of communication all contribute to this silo-ization between human and animal medicine. Online...
The influence of human behaviors in the increased prevalence of overweight dogs
Theses | Contributor(s): Nora J. Nealon, Julie M. Fagan
An increasing number of dogs are falling into the overweight and obese categories, paralleling the rise in obesity over the past few decades in people. This suggests that dogs, which interact closely with people, have been influenced by our sedentary lifestyles, over-sized portions and diets...
We Left Lassie Behind: Defense Personnel Relocation, Animal Abandonment, and Shelter Impacts
Theses | Contributor(s): Gabriele Griffiths
When Department of Defense (DoD) personnel receive orders to relocate to a new duty installation, nearly one third abandon their companion animals, which negatively affects the local shelters' costs, personnel, and capabilities to provide quality care for shelter animals. There is a lack of...
State Zoonotic Disease Program Structure in the United States: Implications for Local Public Health
Theses | Contributor(s): Dustin W. Ratliff
Objective: The purpose of this research was to assess to current status of zoonotic disease biosurveillance in the United States.Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 53 state zoonotic disease program representatives in the United States and Puerto Rico. The questionnaire assessed the...
One Health: Veterinary Involvement and Zoonoses in Humans
Theses | Contributor(s): Jasmine Cheeks
Introduction: As veterinarians are often first to identify zoonotic disease events in animals, their involvement in One Health should be facilitated and strengthened by support from zoonotic disease surveillance systems and health regulations specific to zoonotic disease surveillance.Objectives:...
Case Studies in Ancient Maya Human-Animal Relations: El Perú, La Corona, and Commensal Mammals
Theses | Contributor(s): Diana Nicole Fridberg
The ancient Maya of Mesoamerica inhabited a biodiverse landscape filled with animal taxa that provided both physical resources and rich ideological inspiration. To date, faunal studies among the Maya have been more limited than other types of archaeological investigations, leaving much still...
Human and Black Bear Interactions in Buncombe County, North Carolina, from 1993–2013
Theses | Contributor(s): Adam Guy Alsamadisi
Over the past 20 years the frequency of interactions between humans and black bears in Buncombe County, North Carolina has been increasing, posing threats to human safety, black bear populations, ecological stability, and conservation support. During this time, both the human population and the...
Heartworm in Canines: Trends in Rhode Island Shelter Populations
Theses | Contributor(s): Kelsey L. McKenna
Each year thousands of dogs in the United States become infected with heartworm, which is caused by Dirofilaria immitis. D. immitis is a parasite that is transmitted to dogs via a bite by an infected mosquito. Nine of the seventy competent mosquito species reside in Rhode Island. The true...
How has the domestication of dogs impacted native North American culture and way of life?
Theses | Contributor(s): Mikaela E. Reisman
Dogs, as the only domestic mammal in North America, were a part of the life and culture of the people who migrated to the Americas from Eurasia. Originally domesticated from Eurasian wolves, the uses of dogs expanded once the Native American ancestors spread throughout the continents. I...
The Effects of Sustainability as a Positive Attribute on Equine Therapy Design: An Interdisciplinary Study
Theses | Contributor(s): Andria Sinclair
Interdisciplinary studies have brought benefits to introducing new solutions to the traditional environment and traditional therapies. Sustainability in relation to design has been suggested in 2006, by the Center for Building Performance and Diagnostic (CBPD) at Carnegie Mellon University to...
The Psychological Benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy on Elderly Nursing Home Patients
Theses | Contributor(s): Sophia M. Elliott
This literature review of the benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT) is centered on four scholarly articles published in major psychological journals discussing the reduction of loneliness, anxiety, depression, and cognitive impairments as well as the increase in well-being and happiness in...
Human-Managed vs. Natural Grazing Systems: Exploring Effects of Livestock and Wildlife Grazing at Multiple Scales
Theses | Contributor(s): Megan Esther McSherry
Grazing by large herbivores is the most prevalent land use on grassland ecosystems, which cover greater than 40% of the earth's land surface and provide critical ecological and economic benefits. As such, understanding how grazing impacts different aspects of the ecosystem is of especially...
Human exploitation may not be the cause for the declining size of Patella vulgata (Common limpet): A comparison between the Late Norse and the modern populations of Patella vulgata at Sandwick Bay, Unst, Shetland Islands, UK
Theses | Contributor(s): Sarah Mae Brennan Silverberg
Zooarchaeological artefacts like shells are a source of information on the exploitation of prehisotric the rocky intertidal zone. In this study the size and density of Patella vulgata was used to investigate the exploitation of rocky intertidal resources during the Late Norse occupation...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
Theses | Contributor(s): Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated...
Rating character and animal welfare in a municipal dog shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): David Joseph Minor Campos
In this paper we proceed to the adaptation and implementation of a test of canine behavior, in the municipality canine hostel of Cordoba, Spain. The test consists of 17 of the most frequent evidence in the scientific literature, adapted to the reality of canines municipal shelters. The...
The Effect of Human Activity on the Welfare of the African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) in Namibia
Theses | Contributor(s): Iris Hagvag Ringstad
The African elephant (Loxodonta africana) is vital in several African ecosystems, accentuating the importance of conserving them. However, conservation efforts are constantly complicated due to human population growth. Anthropogenic disturbances has been linked with elevated stress levels in...
The policies of stray pet population control in Lithuania : a study of government contractors as opposed to non-profit volunteer based organizations
Theses | Contributor(s): Saulene Taruskaite-Vanebo
Within the thesis, the trending methods of stray pet population care and control are considered, the emphasis put on the differences between governmentally funded institutions of sanitation and the non-governmental animal shelters; significant attention paid to the implementation and overall...
Laterality in dogs in response to odour of human stress
Theses | Contributor(s): Maren Helene Burdahl Teien
Can dogs smell that humans are stressed? Lateralization of behaviour and neural functions is found among humans and non-human animals like mammals, amphibians, birds, fishes and reptiles. The structures in the right hemisphere tend to be more active in response to to novel stimuli, and intense...
Effect of mountain biking on red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Kaupanger, Norway
Theses | Contributor(s): Janneke Scholten
Human outdoor activities, like mountain biking, often affect animal behaviour. Ungulates might avoid roads and trails, and increase their avoidance with increasing human activity. Recently, biking on forest trails has increased considerably in Norway, but we still have limited knowledge about...
Human- Wildlife Conflict - The case of elephant at Mole National Park
Theses | Contributor(s): Zodiac Akenten
Conflicts between wildlife and humans, particularly people who share immediate boundaries with protected areas, are common phenomenon. Declining wildlife resources has been linked to human actions through overexploitation, habitat destruction, and habitat fragmentation among others. Local people...