The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers
The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...
Development of a Dog-Assisted Activity Program in an Elementary Classroom
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Cinzia Correale, Lara Crescimbene, Marta Borgi, Francesca Cirulli
Here we describe a pilot Dog-Assisted Activity program that was designed to improve wellbeing and social integration in a multi-cultural elementary classroom in which some episodes of bullying had been reported. We developed a 5-encounters protocol with the aim of introducing pet dogs into the...
Oxytocin and Cortisol Levels in Dog Owners and Their Dogs Are Associated with Behavioral Patterns: An Exploratory Study
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maria Petersson, Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg, Anne Nilsson, Lise-Lotte Gustafson, Eva Hydbring-Sandberg, Linda Handlin
We have previously shown that dog–owner interaction results in increasing oxytocin levels in owners and dogs, decreasing cortisol levels in owners but increasing cortisol levels in dogs. The present study aimed to further investigate whether oxytocin and cortisol levels in the previously...
Zoo agent's measure in applying the five freedoms principles for animal welfare
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Argyo Demartoto, Robertus Bellarminus Soemanto, Siti Zunariyah
Background: Animal welfare should be prioritized not only for the animal's life sustainability but also for supporting the sustainability of living organism's life on the earth. However, Indonesian people have not understood it yet, thereby still treating animals arbitrarily and...
Social rivalry triggers visual attention in children with autism spectrum disorders
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Marine Grandgeorge, Yentl Gautier, Pauline Brugaillères, Inès Tiercelin, Carole Jacq, Marie-Claude Lebret, Martine Hausberger
Visual social attention is central to social functioning and learning and may act as a reinforcer. Social rivalry, which occurs when an individual is excluded from dyadic interactions, can promote interspecific learning by triggering attention. We applied it to an animal-assisted intervention,...
Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi
The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...
Evidence of Sexism and Male Privilege in the Animal Liberation/Rights Movement
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lisa Kemmerer
Tom Regan: A Visionary Changing the World
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Carolyn Bailey
Animal Rights and Incredulous Stares
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bob Fischer
I propose an analogy between the thesis that animals have rights and David Lewis's commitment to modal realism. I argue that just as Lewis received incredulous stares that seem to justify rejecting his metaphysical hypothesis, so the thesis that animals have rights can be reasonably...
The Contextual Cat: Human–Animal Relations and Social Meaning in Anglo-Saxon England
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Kristopher Poole
The growing popularity of relational approaches to agency amongst archaeologists has led to increased attention on the specific contexts of interaction between humans and their material worlds. Within such viewpoints, non-humans are perceived as agents in their own right and placed on an equal...
Empathy and Prosocial Behaviorists. Insights from Intra-and Inter-species Interactions
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maria Elide Vanutelli, Michela Balconi
It has been suggested that "sharing the same body" between the observer and the observed subject allows for a direct form of understanding and emotional attuning by a process of simulation. Then, what happens when we don't have the same body? The aim of the present paper is to...
Gentling and welfare of lambs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): M Caroprese, L Taibi, V Franco, M Musto, A Muscio
Gentling e benessere dell’agnello. Al fine di valutare l’effetto delle cure dell’operatore sul benessere dell’agnello allattato artificialmente è stata effettuata una prova della durata di 7 settimane condotta su 64 agnelli di razza Comisana. Gli agnelli in...
Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Genetic Diversity of Bartonella henselae Infections in Pet Cats in Four Regions of the United States
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): L. Guptill, C.-C. Wu, H. HogenEsch, L.N. Slater, N. Glickman, A. Dunham, H. Syme, L. Glickman
Blood was collected from a convenience sample of 271 pet cats aged 3 months to 2 years (mean age, 8 months, median and mode, 6 months) between May 1997 and September 1998 in four areas of the United States (southern California, Florida, metropolitan Chicago, and metropolitan Washington, D.C.)....
Review of Taming the Wild Horse: An Annotated Translation and Study of the Daoist Horse Taming Pictures
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Regina Swanson
This review of Louis Komjathy’s translation and interpretation of a 13th century set of illustrated poems places the work squarely within the emerging field of animal studies. Though essentially a map for Daoist monastic training, Komjathy notes that the Horse Taming Pictures, as he...
Review of Engel's and Comstocks The Moral Rights of Animals
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mark Bernstein
A brief review of Engel's and Comstock's The Moral Rights of Animals.
Are Illegal Direct Actions by Animal Rights Activists Ethically Vigilante?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Michael P. Allen, Erica von Essen
Constructed as terrorist, illegal direct actions by animal rights activists have become the subject of draconian law enforcement measures in the US and UK. Some scholars respond to this phenomenon by interpreting such actions to protect vulnerable animals not as terrorist but civilly...
Implementing a One Health approach to emerging infectious disease: reflections on the socio-political, ethical and legal dimensions
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson, Ian Kerridge, Andrew Wilson, Michael Ward, Cameron Stewart, Gwendolyn Gilbert
Background: ‘One Health’ represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). A One Health approach emphasizing inter-disciplinary...
A Multivariate Model of Stakeholder Preference for Lethal Cat Management
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dara M. Wald, Susan K. Jacobson
Identifying stakeholder beliefs and attitudes is critical for resolving management conflicts. Debate over outdoor cat management is often described as a conflict between two groups, environmental advocates and animal welfare advocates, but little is known about the variables predicting...
Cortisol and Secretory Immunoglobulin A Response to Stress in German Shepherd Dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Ivona Svobodová, Helena Chaloupková, Roman Koncel, Luděk Bartoš, Lenka Hradecká, Lukáš Jebavý
The aim of the study was to determine whether cortisol and secretory Immunoglobulin A (sIgA) could be used as an indicator of acute stress in both young and adult dogs. Seventeen German shepherd puppies were exposed to the Puppy test (challenge test) at the age of seven weeks. This test has...
Face scanning in autism spectrum disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: human versus dog face scanning
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Mauro Muszkat, Claudia Berlim de Mello, Patricia de Oliveira Lima Muñoz, Tania Khiel Lucci, Vinicius Frayze David, José de Oliveira Siqueira, Emma Otta
This study used eye tracking to explore attention allocation to human and dog faces in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD). Significant differences were found among the three groups. TD...