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  1. Internet users' perception of the importance of signs commonly seen in old animals with age-related diseases

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): M. Davies

    Unless practices are running a screening programme to detect disease, veterinarians rely on owners to recognise abnormal signs and present their animal to them for examination and diagnosis. Common age-related diseases often present with similar clinical signssuch as polydipsia, weight loss...

  2. Demographics and economic burden of un-owned cats and dogs in the UK: results of a 2010 census

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jenny Stavisky, Marnie L Brennan, Martin Downes, Rachel Dean

    BackgroundThe population of dogs and cats passing through rescue shelters may be subject to compromised welfare and increased susceptibility to disease. Little information exists to describe this population, its dynamics and associated management practices. The aim of this study was to carry out...

  3. Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green

    A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep...

  4. The role of assistance dogs in society

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hilary M. Audrestch, Chantelle T. Whelan, David Grice, Lucy Asher, Gary C.W. England, Sarah L. Freeman

    Assistance dogs are specially trained to undertake a variety of tasks to help individuals with disabilities. This review gives an overview of the different types of assistance dogs in the UK, including guide dogs, hearing dogs, mobility assistance dogs, service dogs and dual purpose dogs. The...

  5. Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Naomi D. Harvey, Peter J. Craigon, Rebecca Sommerville, Caroline McMillan, Martin J. Green, Gary C.W. England, Lucy Asher

    The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a...

  6. Investigating preventive-medicine consultations in first-opinion small-animal practice in the United Kingdom using direct observation

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): N.J. Robinson, M.L. Brennan, M. Cobb, R.S. Dean

    Preventive-medicine consultations account for a large proportion of the veterinary caseload and previous research has suggested these consultations are fundamentally different from those in which the animal is presented for a specific health problem. There has been recent controversy around some...

  7. A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher

    In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...

  8. Skillful in the management of the horse: the Comanches as southern plains pastoralists.

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gerald Betty

    In the summer of 1719, several New Mexican Pueblo and Spanish settlements observed an increase in Comanche and Ute horse stealing.  On August 19, participants at a Council of War held in Santa Fe discussed the prospects of waging war on these Indians.  Several council members related...

  9. Citizen Science as a New Tool in Dog Cognition Research

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Laughlin Stewart, Evan L. MacLean, David Ivy, Vanessa Woods, Eliot Cohen, Kerri Rodriguez, Matthew McIntyre, Sayan Mukherjee, Josep Call, Juliane Kaminski, Adam Miklosi, Richard W. Wrangham, Brian Hare

    Family dogs and dog owners offer a potentially powerful way to conduct citizen science to answer questions about animal behavior that are difficult to answer with more conventional approaches. Here we evaluate the quality of the first data on dog cognition collected by citizen scientists using...

  10. Horses in early-modern drama

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gabriel Egan

    Two hundred years before William Harrison Ainsworth invented Dick Turpin's miraculous horse-ride from London to York in his novel Rockwood, the King's men at the Globe playhouse dramatized a similar feat performed with supernatural assistance. Richard Brome and Thomas Heywood's The...

  11. Of Mice, Birds, and Men: The Mouse Ultrasonic Song System Has Some Features Similar to Humans and Song-Learning Birds

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gustavo Arriaga, Eric P. Zhou, Erich D. Jarvis

    Humans and song-learning birds communicate acoustically using learned vocalizations. The characteristic features of this social communication behavior include vocal control by forebrain motor areas, a direct cortical projection to brainstem vocal motor neurons, and dependence on auditory...

  12. Draft Animal Power for Soil and Water Conservation in the Bolivian Valleys

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): B. Sims

    The inter-Andean valley region of Bolivia presents climatic characteristics which can be described as high, dry and cool. The prolonged dry season (up to eight months) can lead to severe forage shortages which affect working animals. The traditional draft animals are pairs of oxen which may have...

  13. Human-Related Factors Regulate the Spatial Ecology of Domestic Cats in Sensitive Areas for Conservation

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Joaquim P. Ferreira, Ines Leitao, Margarida Santos-Reis, Eloy Revilla

    BackgroundDomestic cats ranging freely in natural areas are a conservation concern due to competition, predation, disease transmission or hybridization with wildcats. In order to improve our ability to design effective control policies, we investigate the factors affecting their numbers and...

  14. Saving feral horse populations: Does it really matter? A case study of wild horses from DoƱana National Park in southern Spain

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): J.L. Vega-Pla, J. Calderon, P.P. Rodriguez-Gallardo, A.M. Martinez, Ciro Rico

    In the 1980s, a conservation programme involving a feral horse population, the Retuertas horses from the Guadalquivir marshes, was started in the Doñana National Park. The analysis of an extensive genetic survey of this population, which now numbers 100 animals, and 10 additional European...

  15. Burying Dogs in Ancient Cis-Baikal, Siberia: Temporal Trends and Relationships with Human Diet and Subsistence Practices

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Robert L. Losey, Sandra Garvie-Lok, Jennifer A. Leonard, M. Anne Katzenberg, Mietje Germonpre, Tatiana Nomokonova, Mikhail V. Sablin, Olga I. Goriunova, Natalia E. Berdnikova, Nikolai A. Savelev

    The first objective of this study is to examine temporal patterns in ancient dog burials in the Lake Baikal region of Eastern Siberia. The second objective is to determine if the practice of dog burial here can be correlated with patterns in human subsistence practices, in particular a reliance...

  16. Detusking Fence-Breaker Elephants as an Approach in Human-Elephant Conflict Mitigation

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Matthew Mutinda, Geoffrey Chenge, Francis Gakuya, Moses Otiende, Patrick Omondi, Samuel Kasiki, Ramon C. Soriguer, Samer Alasaad

    BackgroundHuman-elephant conflict (HEC) is a recurring problem that appears wherever the range of elephants and humans overlap. Different methods including the use of electric fences are used worldwide to mitigate this conflict. Nonetheless, elephants learn quickly that their tusks do not...

  17. Humans act against the natural process of breeder selection: A modern sickness for animal populations?

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Javier Balbontin, Vincenzo Penteriani, Miguel Ferrer

    We present a new idea about the possible effects of human-induced mortality on different age cohorts (i.e., breeders vs. juveniles) in long-lived animals. Our hypothesis is based on Curio's idea on the effect of natural selective processes on cohorts to explain age-related increases in...

  18. One Health approach to identify research needs in bovine and human babesioses: workshop report

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Adalberto A Perez de Leon, Daniel A Strickman, Donald P Knowles, Durland Fish, Eileen Thacker, Jose de la Fuente, Peter J Krause, Stephen K Wikel, Ryan S Miller, Gale G Wagner, Consuelo Almazan, Robert Hillman, Matthew T Messenger, Paul O Ugstad, Roberta A Duhaime, Pete D Teel, Alfonso Ortega-Santos, David G Hewitt, Edwin J Bowers, Stephen J Bent, Matt H Cochran, Terry F McElwain, Glen A Scoles, Carlos E Suarez, Ronald Davey, Jeanne M Howell Freeman, Kimberly Lohmeyer, Andrew Y Li, Felix D Guerrero, Diane M Kammlah, Pamela Phillips, Joe Pound, Group for Emerging Babesioses and One Health Research and Development in the U.S.

    BackgroundBabesia are emerging health threats to humans and animals in the United States. A collaborative effort of multiple disciplines to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment, otherwise known as the One Health concept, was taken during a research workshop held in April...

  19. Insights into wolf presence in human-dominated landscapes: The relative role of food availability, humans and landscape attributes

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Luis Llaneza, Jose V. Lopez-Bao, Victor Sazatornil

    Aim Understanding which human or environmental factors interact to enable or to limit the occurrence and persistence of large carnivores in human-dominated landscapes is an important issue for their effective conservation, especially under the current scenario of global change where most of...

  20. First reported case of fatal tuberculosis in a wild African elephant with past human-wildlife contact

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Vincent Obanda, J. Poghon, M. Yongo, I. Mulei, M. Ngotho, K. Waititu, J. Makumi, F. Gakuya, P. Omondi, R.C. Soriguer, S. Alasaad

    Tuberculosis is emerging/re-emerging in captive elephant populations, where it causes morbidity and deaths, although no case of TB in wild African elephants has been reported. In this paper we report the first case of fatal TB in an African elephant in the wild. The infection with Mycobacterium...