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  1. Jaguar and puma captivity and trade among the Maya: Stable isotope data from Copan, Honduras

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nawa Sugiyama, William L. Fash, Christine A.M. France

    From Moctezuma’s zoo to animals kept in captivity at Teotihuacan, there is increasing evidence that Mesoamericans managed wild animals for a myriad of purposes. The present study situates ritualized animal management of highly symbolic fauna in the broader context of Classic Mesoamerica...

  2. Domestic horses (Equus caballus) prefer to approach humans displaying a submissive body posture rather than a dominant body posture

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Amy Victoria Smith, Clara Wilson, Karen McComb, Leanne Proops

    Signals of dominance and submissiveness are central to conspecific communication in many species. For domestic animals, sensitivities to these signals in humans may also be beneficial. We presented domestic horses with a free choice between two unfamiliar humans, one adopting a submissive and...

  3. Dog ownership supports the maintenance of physical activity during poor weather in older English adults: cross-sectional results from the EPIC Norfolk cohort

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yu-Tzu Wu, Robert Luben, Andy Jones

    Background Dog ownership has been suggested to encourage physical activity in older adults and may enhance resilience to poor environmental conditions. This study investigates the role of dog ownership and walking as a means of supporting the maintenance of physical activity in older adults...

  4. The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Natalie D. Munro, Guy Bar-Oz, Jacqueline S. Meier, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Mary C. Stiner, Reuven Yeshurun

    Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest...

  5. The effectiveness of Dutch Cell Dogs in correctional facilities in the Netherlands: a study protocol of a quasi-experimental trial

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Gerdien Schenk, Hanne M. Duindam, Hanneke E. Creemers, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J. M. Stams, Jessica J. Asscher

    Background Many former inmates recidivate, resulting in high costs for societies worldwide. Evidence based treatment practices may not work in prisons, due to detainees’ lacking motivation, impaired well-being, and an unsafe group environment. One attempt to improve social group climate...

  6. Characteristics of owned dogs in rabies endemic KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Melinda Hergert, Kevin Le Roux, Louis H. Nel

    Background: Canine rabies has been enzootic in the dog population of the KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa since the mid-1970s and has been associated with high rates of human exposures and frequent transmissions to other domestic animal species. Several decades of control efforts,...

  7. Nature experience promotes preference for and willingness to coexist with wild animals among urban and suburban residents in Malaysia

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Huda Farhana Mohamad Muslim, Hosaka Tetsuro, Numata Shinya, Noor Azlin Yahya

    Introduction A decline in direct experience with nature can lead to disaffection of natural environments, wildlife, and public indifference towards biodiversity conservation. This study measured on affective attitude towards wildlife (i.e., preferences for and willingness to coexist with 22...

  8. Cheetahs discriminate familiar and unfamiliar human voices

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Maël Leroux, Robyn Shelia Hetem, Martine Hausberger, Alban Lemasson

    Domestic species can make the distinction between several human sub-groups, especially between familiar and unfamiliar persons. The Domestication hypothesis assumes that such advanced cognitive skills were driven by domestication itself. However, such capacities have been shown in wild species...

  9. Prevalence of Disorders Recorded in Dogs Attending Primary-Care Veterinary Practices in England

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dan G. O'Neill, David B. Church, Paul D. McGreevy, Peter C. Thomson, Dave C. Brodbelt

    Purebred dog health is thought to be compromised by an increasing occurence of inherited diseases but inadequate prevalence data on common disorders have hampered efforts to prioritise health reforms. Analysis of primary veterinary practice clinical data has been proposed for reliable...

  10. Ethnozoology in Brazil: current status and perspectives

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rômulo RN Alves, Wedson MS Souto

    Ancient connections between animals and human are seen in cultures throughout the world in multiple forms of interaction with the local fauna that form the core of Ethnozoology. Historically, ethnozoological publications grew out of studies undertaken in academic areas such as zoology, human...

  11. Familiarity with the experimenter influences the performance of Common ravens (Corvus corax) and Carrion crows (Corvus corone corone) in cognitive tasks

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lara Cibulski, Claudia A.F. Wascher, Brigitte M.Weiß, Kurt Kotrschal

    When humans and animals interact with one another over an extended time span they familiarise and may develop a relationship, which can exert an influence on both partners. For example, the behaviour of an animal in experiments may be affected by its relationship to the human experimenter....

  12. Identification of QTLs for behavioral reactivity to social separation and humans in sheep using the OvineSNP50 BeadChip

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Dominique Hazard, Carole Moreno, Didier Foulquié, Eric Delval, Dominique François, Jacques Bouix, Guillaume Sallé, Alain Boissy

    Background Current trends in sheep farming practices rely on animals with a greater level of behavioral autonomy than before, a phenotype that actively contributes to the sustainability of animal production. Social reactivity and reactivity to humans are relevant behavioral traits in sheep,...

  13. Opinions from the Front Lines of Cat Colony Management Conflict

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): M. Nils Peterson, Brett Hartis, Shari Rodriguez, Matthew Green, Christopher A. Lepczyk

    Outdoor cats represent a global threat to terrestrial vertebrate conservation, but management has been rife with conflict due to differences in views of the problem and appropriate responses to it. To evaluate these differences we conducted a survey of opinions about outdoor cats and their...

  14. Attitudes of different stakeholders toward pig husbandry: a study to determine conflicting and matching attitudes toward animals, humans and the environment

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tamara J. Bergstra, Henk Hogoveen, Elsbeth N. Stassen

    The pig sector is struggling with negative attitudes of citizens. This may be the result of conflicting attitudes toward pig husbandry between citizens and other stakeholders. To obtain knowledge about these attitudes, the objectives of this study were (1) to determine and compare attitudes of...

  15. Solidarity with Animals: Assessing a Relevant Dimension of Social Identification with Animals

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Catherine E. Amiot, Brock Bastian

    Interactions with animals are pervasive in human life, a fact that is reflected in the burgeoning field of human-animal relations research. The goal of the current research was to examine the psychology of our social connection with other animals, by specifically developing a measure of...

  16. Context and Individual Characteristics Modulate the Association between Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Social Behavior in Border Collies

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    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Borbála Turcsán, Friederike Range, Zsolt Rónai, Dóra Koller, Zsófia Virányi

    Recent studies suggest that the relationship between endogenous oxytocin and social affiliative behavior can be critically moderated by contextual and individual factors in humans. While oxytocin has been shown to influence human-directed affiliative behaviors in dogs, no study investigated yet...

  17. Companion Animal Ownership and Human Well-Being in a Metropolis-The Case of Hong Kong

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Wong, P. W. C., Yu, R. W. M., Ngai, J. T. K.

  18. Managing the Risk of Aggressive Dog Behavior: Investigating the Influence of Owner Threat and Efficacy Perceptions

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Williams, E. J., Blackwell, E.

  19. The benefits of an animal-assisted intervention service to patients and staff at a children's hospital

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Uglow, L. S.

  20. Homozygosity for Mobile Element Insertions Associated with WBSCR17 Could Predict Success in Assistance Dog Training Programs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tandon, D., Ressler, K., Petticord, D., Papa, A., Jiranek, J., Wilkinson, R., Kartzinel, R. Y., Ostrander, E. A., Burney, N., Borden, C., Udell, M. A. R., VonHoldt, B. M.