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  1. Integration of Animal-Assisted Therapy Standards in Pediatric Occupational Therapy

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sara J. Shue, Melissa Y. Winkle, M J Mulcahey

    The primary purpose of this study was to describe how the best practice recommendations and standards of practice related to animal-assisted therapy (AAT) are being incorporated into pediatric occupational therapy (OT). The study design was a nonexperimental survey that identified the...

  2. Animal Welfare: A Contemporary Understanding Demands a Contemporary Approach to Behavior and Training

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): E. Anne McBride, David J. Montgomery

    Contemporary understanding of One Welfare highlights the intrinsic link between animal and human welfare and ethics, regarding physical and psychological well-being as equally important. These principles apply to all animals we keep, regardless of why we keep them. One factor influencing...

  3. The Italian Agreement between the Government and the Regional Authorities: National Guidelines for AAI and Institutional Context

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Martina Simonato, Marta De Santis, Laura Contalbrigo, Daniele Benedetti, Elisabetta Finocchi Mahne, Vincenzo Ugo Santucci, Silvio Borrello, Luca Farina

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAI) have developed considerably in the last half century, prompting various private and public realities dealing with AAI worldwide to work on and establish standards and best practice. However, AAI are still far from being regulated harmoniously. In this context,...

  4. Geographically Apart, Attitudinally Very Close: A Comparison of Attitudes toward Animals between Romania and Mexico City

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Alina S. Rusu, Denisa Pop, Dennis C. Turner

    Among other regions, Romania and Mexico (particularly Mexico City) are often cited as problematic areas in surveys and reports on the growing population of stray animals in urban areas. The aim of our study was to adapt for Romanian and Spanish languages usage of an instrument that includes...

  5. Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner

    Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...

  6. Human–Animal Interaction and Older Adults: An Overview

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Nancy R. Gee, Megan K. Mueller, Angela L. Curl

    Both pet ownership and animal-assisted therapy are becoming increasingly popular in the United States, and the science of human–animal interaction (HAI) seeks to explore how these relationships with animals can impact health and well-being. In particular, one burgeoning area of research is...

  7. From the Editor – Welcome to the first issue of Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin!

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lori Kogan

    Human Animal Interaction: Research & Practice Section of Division 17 (Society of Counseling Psychology) of the American Psychological Association is proud to announce this exciting new venue for the scientific study of human-animal interactions. Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin...

  8. Potential Role of Pet Cats As a Sentinel Species for Human Exposure to Flame Retardants

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Luis A. Henríquez-Hernández, Elena Carretón, María Camacho, José Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Luis D. Boada, Verónica Bernal Martín, Yaiza Falcón Cordón, Soraya Falcón Cordón, Manuel Zumbado, Octavio P. Luzardo

    Flame retardants are a wide group of chemicals used by the industry to avoid combustion of materials. These substances are commonly found in plastics, electronic equipment, fabrics, and in many other everyday articles. Subsequently, ubiquitous environmental contamination by these common chemical...

  9. Minor Immediate Effects of a Dog on Children's Reading Performance and Physiology

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lisa Schretzmayer, Kurt Kotrschal, Andrea Beetz

    Literacy is a key factor in occupational success and social integration. However, an increasing number of children lack appropriate reading skills. There is growing evidence that dogs have positive effects on reading performance. We investigated the short-term effects of dogs on reading...

  10. Caregiver Reports of Interactions between Children up to 6 Years and Their Family Dog—Implications for Dog Bite Prevention

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Christine Arhant, Andrea Martina Beetz, Josef Troxler

    In children up to 6 years, interactions such as interfering with the dog’s resources and also benign behaviors (e.g., petting) commonly precede a bite incident with the family dog. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the development of everyday interactions between...

  11. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  12. A Birth Cohort Analysis to Study Dog Walking in Adolescence Shows No Relationship with Objectively Measured Physical Activity

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Carri Westgarth, Andrew R. Ness, Calum Mattocks, Robert M. Christley

    Physical inactivity during childhood and adolescence is a serious health concern. There are few studies of the activity undertaken by adolescents when walking with the family dog, and the effect of this on objectively measured physical activity levels. Objective measures of physical activity...

  13. Canine Detection of the Volatilome: A Review of Implications for Pathogen and Disease Detection

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Craig Angle, Lowell Paul Waggoner, Arny Ferrando, Pamela Haney, Thomas Passler

    The volatilome is the entire set of volatile organic compounds (VOC) produced by an organism. The accumulation of VOC inside and outside of the body reflects the unique metabolic state of an organism. Scientists are developing technologies to non-invasively detect VOC for the purposes of medical...

  14. Assistance Dogs: Historic Patterns and Roles of Dogs Placed by ADI or IGDF Accredited Facilities and by Non-Accredited U.S. Facilities

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sandra Walther, Mariko Yamamoto, Abigail Paige Thigpen, Anaissa Garcia, Neil H. Willits, Lynette A. Hart

    Dogs’ roles to support people with disabilities are increasing. Existing U.S. laws and regulations pertaining to the use of dogs for people with disabilities are only minimally enforced. Pushback legislation against some aspects of uses of assistance dogs currently is being passed or...

  15. Prevalence of Canine Obesity, Obesity-Related Metabolic Dysfunction, and Relationship with Owner Obesity in an Obesogenic Region of Spain

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): J. Alberto Montoya-Alonso, Inmaculada Bautista-Castaño, Cristina Peña, Lourdes Suárez, M. Candelaria Juste, Asta Tvarijonaviciute

    The main objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of canine obesity and obesity-related metabolic dysfunction (ORMD) in the obesogenic area in Spain. The prevalence of overweight/obesity among owners of obese pets was also evaluated. In the sample population studied (93...

  16. Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England

    Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...

  17. Comparing the Effect of Animal-Rearing Education in Japan with Conventional Animal-Assisted Education

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Yuka Nakajima

    An increasing number of teachers are introducing animals into their class so that pupils foster cognitive, physiological, and social skills through their interaction with animals. Along with such an educational style termed animal-assisted education (AAE), Japanese formal education has also...

  18. Rabies Vaccination Targets for Stray Dog Populations

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Tiffany Leung, Stephen A. Davis

    The role of stray dogs in the persistence of domestic dog rabies, and whether removal of such dogs is beneficial, remains contentious issues for control programs seeking to eliminate rabies. While a community might reach the WHO vaccination target of 70% for dogs that can be handled, the stray...

  19. Aging and Veterinary Care of Cats, Dogs, and Horses through the Records of Three University Veterinary Hospitals

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bruno Cozzi, Cristina Ballarin, Roberto Mantovani, Ada Rota

    The present article examines over 63,000 medical records belonging to the Veterinary Hospitals of the Universities of Bologna, Torino, and Padova, all in Northern Italy, and relative to dogs (approximately 50,000), cats (approximately 12,000), and companion horses (slightly less than 1,000). The...

  20. Real-Time Detection of a Virus Using Detection Dogs

    Journal Articles | Contributor(s): T. Craig Angle, Thomas Passler, Paul L. Waggoner, Terrence D. Fischer, Bart Rogers, Patricia K. Galik, Herris S. Maxwell

    Viral infections are ubiquitous in humans, animals, and plants. Real-time methods to identify viral infections are limited and do not exist for use in harsh or resource-constrained environments. Previous research identified that tissues produce unique volatile organic compounds (VOC) and...