Understanding why guide dogs fail to meet their predicted qualification outcomes
Theses | Contributor(s): Daisy Jones
Guide dogs provide life changing mobility support and companionship for thousands of blind and partially sighted people. A proportion of dogs undertaking training to be guides will not enter work due to health or temperamental reasons. This work was designed to investigate the issues associated...
Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Naomi D. Harvey, Peter J. Craigon, Rebecca Sommerville, Caroline McMillan, Martin J. Green, Gary C.W. England, Lucy Asher
The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a...
A New Metric for Quantifying the Relative Impact of Risk Factors on Loss of Working Life Illustrated in a Population of Working Dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Geoffrey Caron-Lormier, Naomi D. Harvey, Gary C. W. England, Lucy Asher
In a resource-limited world, organisations attempting to reduce the impact of health or behaviour issues need to choose carefully how to allocate resources for the highest overall impact. However, such choices may not always be obvious. Which has the biggest impact? A large change to a small...
The Effectiveness Of Enrichment Programs For Dogs In An Animal Shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): Pamela Perry
Dogs (N = 108) in an animal shelter received one of four enrichment programs: twice daily walking alone (walking) or in combination with a daily fooddispensing toy (toy), a daily session of standardized human contact (petting), or daily obedience training (obedience). We evaluated the effects of...
The Effects of Group-Housing on the Behavior of Domestic Cats (Felis Sylvestris Catus) in an Animal Shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): Caroline Monk
This study investigates the effects of group housing on the stress and behavior of domestic cats in an animal shelter. Twenty-four cats one-year of age and older were observed in the Tompkins County SPCA for three consecutive days. All behavior was continuously recorded. Density of cats in the...
Citizen Science as a New Tool in Dog Cognition Research
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Laughlin Stewart, Evan L. MacLean, David Ivy, Vanessa Woods, Eliot Cohen, Kerri Rodriguez, Matthew McIntyre, Sayan Mukherjee, Josep Call, Juliane Kaminski, Adam Miklosi, Richard W. Wrangham, Brian Hare
Family dogs and dog owners offer a potentially powerful way to conduct citizen science to answer questions about animal behavior that are difficult to answer with more conventional approaches. Here we evaluate the quality of the first data on dog cognition collected by citizen scientists using...
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
The influence of human behaviors in the increased prevalence of overweight dogs
Theses | Contributor(s): Nora J. Nealon, Julie M. Fagan
An increasing number of dogs are falling into the overweight and obese categories, paralleling the rise in obesity over the past few decades in people. This suggests that dogs, which interact closely with people, have been influenced by our sedentary lifestyles, over-sized portions and diets...
Influence of dog presence on the tolerance and evaluation of aversive stimulation
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Laura Sodre Galvao Garcia
This study aimed to investigate the effects of the presence of a domestic dog in the evaluation and tolerance of auditory aversive stimulation. Eighteen undergraduate college students participated. We analysed the latency of escape response from the aversive sounds and evaluation of the session...
Oxytocin blocks pet dog (Canis familiaris) object choice task performance being predicted by owner-perceived intelligence and owner attachment
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Jessica Lee Oliva, Jean-Loup Rault, Belinda Appleton, Alan Lill
A positive association has been found between owner-rated dog cognition and owner-perceived closeness to their dog, using the Perceptions of Dog Intelligence and Cognitive Skills (PoDIaCS) survey and the Monash Dog Owner Relationship Scale (MDORS). Oxytocin has been positively associated with...
Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot
Theses | Contributor(s): Nina Emilie Stenset
Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated...
Rating character and animal welfare in a municipal dog shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): David Joseph Minor Campos
In this paper we proceed to the adaptation and implementation of a test of canine behavior, in the municipality canine hostel of Cordoba, Spain. The test consists of 17 of the most frequent evidence in the scientific literature, adapted to the reality of canines municipal shelters. The...
Social behavior of domestic dogs and cats as compared to wild canine and feline species : an honors thesis
Theses | Contributor(s): Anthony W. Rusk
With the help of animal behavioralists, parallels have been drawn between domestic dogs and cats and their wild cousins. In some respects, social behavior in domestic animals has remained similar to characteristics found in wild animals. General observations of social conduct have been examined....
Do domestic dogs recognize emotional incongruence in human faces and voices?
Theses | Contributor(s): Allison Hagley
Dogs have had a close relationship with humans for more than 10,000 years, but the effects of artificial selection on canine cognition are only recently being studied. Studies have confirmed the beliefs of pet owners – dogs recognize human faces and voices – and that dogs are...
Dusky dolphin (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) behavior and human interactions: implications for tourism and aquaculture
Theses | Contributor(s): Nicholas Matthew Thomson Duprey
Interactions between humans and dusky dolphins in the coastal waters of New Zealand are increasing. My research focused on tourism interactions, with Kaikoura as the study site; and, on habitat use in an active aquaculture area, with Admiralty Bay as the study site. In Kaikoura, companies...
Effects of a standardized obedience program on approachability and problem behaviors in dogs from rescue shelters
Theses | Contributor(s): Lauren Denise Hays
Improved adoptability is a common goal among rescue shelters. Dogs are more likely to be adopted if they are friendly, mannerly, and approachable. The possibility of improving rescue shelter dogs' behavior through an obedience program has not been examined. We developed an approachability...
A survey of urban Canadian animal control practices : the effect of enforcement and resourcing on the reported dog bite rate
Theses | Contributor(s): Nancy Margaret Clarke
Dog bites are a serious cause of human injury. Data from the United States of America indicate that about 1.8% of people receive bites each year, and the rate is thought to be increasing disproportionately faster than the dog population. The Canadian dog bite issue is not well documented...
Factors affecting the welfare and adoption rate of cats in an animal shelter
Theses | Contributor(s): Nadine Gourkow
Rates of adoption for adult cats in animal shelters have always been very low, thus these animals are often subjected to euthanasia and/or long periods of confinement. Furthermore, housing of shelter cats has traditionally focused on disease prevention; this has led to the use of barren,...
Management and rehabilitation of inter-dog aggression in animal shelters
Theses | Contributor(s): Jane S. Orihel
Identification and treatment of inter-dog aggression is important so that animal shelters can re-home animals safely and reduce long-term confinement and euthanasia rates. This thesis describes 1) a survey study which identified current management of aggressive dogs in shelters and explored the...
Creating Automated Interactive Video Playback for Studies of Animal Communications
Theses | Contributor(s): Trisha Butkowski
Video playback is a technique used to study the visual communication and behaviors of animals. While video playback is a useful tool, most experiments lack the ability for the visual stimulus to interact with the live animal. The limited number of experiments involving interactive video playback...