An investigation into the feeding behaviour and diet selection of the domestic horse
Theses | Contributor(s): Marie Clare Cairns
This study sought to investigate feeding behaviour and diet selection of horses exposed to concentrate feed of differing flavours and nutrient contents in different situations. Firstly behaviour was studied in a simple choice test. The results showed that when thehorses have no previous...
The influence of human behaviors in the increased prevalence of overweight dogs
Theses | Contributor(s): Nora J. Nealon, Julie M. Fagan
An increasing number of dogs are falling into the overweight and obese categories, paralleling the rise in obesity over the past few decades in people. This suggests that dogs, which interact closely with people, have been influenced by our sedentary lifestyles, over-sized portions and diets...
Nutritionism and the making of modern pet food
Theses | Contributor(s): Jennifer Wrye
This dissertation considers the creation of nutritionally 'complete and balanced' commercial pet foods. Specifically, I am concerned with understanding the conditions that made it possible for pet animals to consume commercially-manufactured pet foods exclusively. I argue that...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.
It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...
Overweight and obese pet owners: respondent and pet characteristics in the rural Midwestern United States
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Heuberger, R. A., Garner, J. A., Corby, A., DeWitt, K., Sluis, R. vander
The obesity epidemic has impacted both people and pets in the rural Midwestern United States (MWUS). Tailoring health advice to the socio-demographic characteristics and dietary patterns of owners and their pets can help promote adherence to health behavior changes for owners and foster health...
Company human-animal interaction in the municipality of Paragominas, southeast of ParaInteracao homem-animal de companhia no municipio de Paragominas, sudeste do Para
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Santos, R. C. B., Moura, K. B., Sousa e Sousa, E., Oliveira, R. A. de, Soares, B. C., Melo, W. de O.
Objective of this study was to characterize the creation of companion animals raised in the southeastern region of Para. The study was conducted in the municipality of Paragominas-PA, from June to July 2015. The method used in data collection was the survey with questionnaires containing open...
Humanization of the companion animal - human relationship
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Fox, R., Gee, N. R.
This paper explores the changing nature of companion animal-human relationships in Britain over the past 30 years. This period has seen rapid change in attitudes and practices towards companion animals, with notable advances in medical treatment, nutrition, and understanding of non-human animal...
Changes in behaviour of dairy cows with clinical mastitis
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Sepulveda-Varas, P., Proudfoot, K. L., Weary, D. M., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von
Behaviour is an important tool for recognizing illness in animals. One of the most common diseases in dairy cattle is clinical mastitis. Evidence suggests that cows with this disease show sickness behaviours, but little is known about the progression of behavioural changes before and after the...
Reduced locomotor play behaviour of dairy calves following separation from the mother reflects their response to reduced energy intake
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Rushen, J., Wright, R., Johnsen, J. F., Mejdell, C. M., Passille, A. M. de
Play behaviour is an indicator of good welfare in young calves and is reduced by low energy intake and weaning off milk. There is renewed interest in keeping calves longer with the cow but separation leads to signs of distress, such as vocalizations. Providing calves with an alternative milk...
Associations between milk intake and activity in the first days of a calf's life and later growth and health
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Passille, A. M. de, Rabeyrin, M., Rushen, J.
We examined whether calves' milk intake and activity in the days after birth predict later growth and the risk of illness. Female Holstein calves ( n=130) were housed in individual pens where they were allowed ad libitum milk from birth to 5 days of age. Daily milk intakes were recorded and...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Long-term effects of straw blocks in pens with finishing pigs and the interaction with boar type
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.
This study verified the effect of straw blocks on the behavior and growth of finishing pigs and possible interactions with the genetic background (boar type). A total of 359 finishing pigs, which were offspring from different boar types, were housed in gender-mixed pens with slatted floors. Half...
Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.
Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...
Are dogs able to communicate with their owners about a desirable food in a referential and intentional way?
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Savalli, C., Ades, C., Gaunet, F.
Feed depredation by European starlings in a Kansas feedlot
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Depenbusch, B. E., Drouillard, J. S., Lee, C. D.
What You Can and Can't Learn From a Pet Food Label
Conference Proceedings | Contributor(s): Angela Witzel
Guard of animals in charge: population of visionGuarda responsavel de animais: visao da populacao
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Porto, W. J. N., Andrade, M. R., Mota, R. A.
A study was conducted to determine the knowledge level of responsible animal ownership in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil [date not given]. It was shown that only 24% of respondents knew what constituted responsible pet ownership and care. Some of those who gave examples of proper pet care such as...
Energy intake and expenditure of improvised explosive device detection dogs
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Phillips, S. P., Kutzner-Mulligan, J., Davis, M.
Improvised explosive device detection (IDD) dogs explore up to 40 km of land daily and therefore have energetic demands that may be above the National Research Council's requirement for working dogs. This study was designed to quantify metabolic energy intake (MEI) and total energy expenditure...
Long-term macroevaluation of environmental enrichment in three brown bears ( Ursus arctos) at Barcelona Zoo
Journal Articles | Contributor(s): Soriano, A. I., Vinyoles, D., Mate, C.
The evaluation of enrichment programs is important to determine their effect on nonhuman animal welfare. The daily activity pattern and use of space of 3 brown bears ( Ursus arctos) were used for long-term macroevaluation of enrichment to compare the baseline and enrichment phases. Focal...